This prologue explains the purpose of the book: to educate the inexperienced in knowledge and right conduct, and to increase
the learning of the wise man by proverbs, parables and riddles.
Discipline: education or formation which dispels ignorance and corrects vice.
Simple: immature and inexperienced, hence easily influenced for good or evil.
Fear of the LORD: reverential fear and respect for God on account of his sovereignty, goodness and justice toward men. This is the foundation
A warning against association with the greedy and the violent who seek to destroy the honest man and to steal his possessions
(11–14). The trap which the wicked set for the innocent (11), in the end (19) takes away the life of the wicked themselves.
Instructed by the wise man, the youth (of v 4
) will recognize the invitation of the wicked (11–14) as a net spread before him, and he will thus, like the bird, be protected
against falling into it.
Wisdom is here personified: with divine authority she sets forth and proclaims the moral order, instructing and threatening
(24–33) the multitudes in the streets and places of assembly.
Overtaken by doom, the foolish seek wisdom, but in vain because they do so too late. Cf Jn
7, 34; 8, 21
Sinners are punished by the bad fruits which their sins produce. Cf Wis
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