The title of the book: an editorial addition. Isaiah: meaning “the salvation of the Lord,” or “The Lord is salvation.” Amoz:
not the minor prophet. Judah: The southern kingdom of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Uzziah: also called Azariah; cf 2 Kgs 15, 1; 2 Chr 26, 1
Israel, not the northern kingdom, as in Is 9, 11
, exclusively, which Isaiah usually calls “Ephraim” from the tribe bordering on the southern kingdom, but the entire chosen
people; cf Is 8, 14
Holy One of Israel: a title used frequently by Isaiah, rarely by other writers.
Sufferings inflicted upon God's people for their sins.
Daughter Zion: Jerusalem. Hut…shed: for the shelter of watchmen and laborers.
Lord of hosts: God, who is the Creator and Ruler of the heavenly armies of the angels, stars, etc. Remnant: St. Paul uses
this text in Rom 9, 29
, where he speaks of God's saving mercy toward the Jews and Gentiles. Sodom…Gomorrah: cf Gn 19.
The number of your sacrifices: however numerous, they are not acceptable without the right dispositions on the part of the
Octaves with wickedness: the solemnity of the feasts marred by evil deeds.
Spread out your hands: in prayer.
A picture of Jerusalem, once so faithful to God. Apostasy from the covenant is often likened by the prophets to unfaithfulness
to the marriage vow.
This verse is the key to the whole Book of Isaiah. Zion's defiant persistence in sin has demanded a divine judgment, by which
her survivors will be cleansed and will return to God in justice; cf Is 40, 2
Terebinths which you prized…groves which you chose: as popular shrines for idolatrous worship.
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