The thirtieth year, which corresponds to the fifth year of exile (v 2
), has never been satisfactorily explained; possibly it refers to the prophet's age. The river Chebar: probably a canal near
Nippur, southeast of Babylon, one of the sites on which the Jewish exiles were settled.
The fifth day of the fourth month, the fifth year: July 31, 593 B.C.; cf v 1
The North: the abode of God; see notes on Jb 37, 22; Ps 48, 3
. Electrum: an alloy of gold and silver, used here for some undetermined bright metal.
Four living creatures: identified as cherubim in Ez 10, 20f
Note the changed order of the verses and the omission of the textually uncertain verses 14 and 21
. Such changes also occur elsewhere in this book.
This symbolic description of God's throne is similar to that in Ex 24, 9f
One who had the appearance of a man: God appearing in human form (v 28
); cf Ex 33, 18–23
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