From India to Ethiopia: from western India to Upper Egypt, the greatest extent of the Persian Empire achieved under Darius
the Great, father of Ahasuerus.
Susa: ancient capital of Elam (Gn 14, 1
); under the Achamenid kings, one of the two capitals of the Persian Empire. The other was Persepolis, the summer palace of
Queen Vashti: Herodotus (Histories
) relates that the wife of Ahasuerus was Amestris.
Irrevocable royal decree: the historian Siculus indicates that such a concept of irrevocable laws existed in the time of Darius
III (335–331 B.C.), the last of the Persian kings, cf Est 8, 8
To each province … script and to each people … language: many languages were spoken in the Persian Empire, the principal ones
being Persian, Elamite, Babylonian, Aramaic, Phoenician, Egyptian, and Greek. Each of them had its own script.
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