Qoheleth: see Introduction.
Vanity of vanities: a Hebrew superlative expressing the supreme degree of futility and emptiness.
Under the sun: used throughout this book to signify “on the earth.”
All speech … man can say: or “All things are wearisome beyond man's power to tell.”
Men remember nothing long; God, however, never forgets.
Chase after wind: futility, like an attempt to corral the winds. Cf Hos 12, 2
. The ancient versions understood “affliction of spirit.” These words are used to conclude sections of the discourse, as far
as Eccl 6, 9
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