In the fifth year on the seventh day of the month: Jerusalem fell on the seventh day of the fifth month; cf 2 Kgs 25, 8; Jer 52, 12
. Either the text read originally “the fifth month,” or it refers to the observance of an anniversary of the fall of Jerusalem
in 587 B.C.
The river Sud: one of the Babylonian canals, not otherwise identified. In ancient non‐Biblical Hebrew‐fragments discovered
in 1952, there is reference to a river “Sur” in a similar context.
He: possibly Baruch; less likely Jehoiakim…the priest (v 7
), a member of the high‐priestly family not mentioned elsewhere. The silver vessels here described are distinct from the vessels
referred to in 2 Kgs 25, 14 and Ezr 1,7ff
. The author of this note may have thought of the fifth year (v 1
) of Zedekiah, in view of Jer 28, 1; 29, 1ff
. A “fifth year,” again with no month mentioned, is given in Ez 1, 2
for the inaugural vision of Ezekiel's prophetic career.
Nebuchadnezzar…Belshazzar, his son: as in Dn 5, 1f
. Later Jewish tradition seems to have simplified the history of the past by making the last Chaldean ruler of Babylon the
son of the conqueror of Jerusalem.
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