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The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies Provides a comprehensive survey of Biblical scholarship in a variety of disciplines.



Alon, G. 1977. ‘The Attitude of the Pharisees to Roman Rule’. In Jews, Judaism and the Classical World, Jerusalem: Magnes, 18–47.

Barnett, P. 1981. ‘The Jewish Sign Prophets’. NTS 27: 679–97.

Baumgarten, A. 1983. ‘The Name of the Pharisees’. JBL 102: 411–28.

——— 1987. ‘The Pharisaic Paradosis’. HTR 80: 63–77.

——— 1997. The Flourishing of Jewish Sects in the Maccabean Era: An Interpretation. JSJSup 55. Leiden: Brill.

Cohen, S. 1987. From the Maccabees to the Mishnah. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.

Goodblatt, D. 1989. ‘The Place of the Pharisees in First Century Judaism: The State of the Debate’. JSJ 20: 12–30.

Goodman, M. 1994. ‘Sadducees and Essenes after 70 CE’. In S. E. Porter, P. Joyce, and D. E. Orton, eds., Crossing the Boundaries: Essays in Biblical Interpretation in Honour of Michael D. Goulder, BIS 8, Leiden: Brill, 347–56.

Hengel, M. 1989. The Zealots. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.

Horsley, R. 1986. ‘The Zealots: Their Origins, Relationships and Importance’. NT 28: 159–92.

——— and Hanson, J. 1985. Bandits, Prophets, Messiahs. San Fransisco: HarperRow.

Kraft, R. 1975. ‘The Multiform Jewish Heritage of Early Christianity’. In J. Neusner, ed., Christianity, Judaism and Other Greco-Roman Cults, SJLA 12, Leiden: Brill, Leiden, iii. 174–99.

Lightstone, J. N. 1975. ‘Sadducees versus Pharisees’. In J. Neusner, ed., Christianity, Judaism, and Other Greco-Roman Cults, SJLA 12, Leiden: Brill, iii. 206–17.

Mason, S. N. 1991. Josephus on the Pharisees: A Composition-Critical Study. Leiden: Brill.

Neusner, J. 1971. The Rabbinic Traditions about the Pharisees before 70, 3 vols. Leiden: Brill.

——— 1973a. From Politics to Piety: The Emergence of Pharisaic Judaism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

——— 1973b. The Pharisees: Rabbinic Perspectives. Hoboken, NJ: KTAV.

——— 1987. ‘Josephus' Pharisees’. In L. Feldman and G. Hata, eds., Josephus, Judaism and Christianity, Leiden: Brill, 274–92.

Rivkin, E. 1972. ‘Defining the Pharisees: The Tannaitic Sources’. Hebrew Union College Annual, 43: 205–49.

——— 1978. A Hidden Revolution: The Pharisees' Search for the Kingdom Within. Nashville: Abingdon.

Saldarini, A. J. 1988. Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees in Palestinian Society: A Sociological Approach. Wilmington, Del.: Glazier.

Sanders, E. P. 1992. Judaism Practice and Belief 63BCE–66CE. London: SCM.

Schaper, J. 1999. ‘The Pharisees’. In W. Horbury, W. D. Davies, and J. Sturdy, eds., The Cambridge History of Judaism, iii: The Early Roman Period, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 402–27.

Schwartz, S. 1990. ‘The Pharisees, and Early Rabbinic Judaism’. In Josephus and Judean Politics, Leiden: Brill, 170–208.

——— 2001. Imperialism and Jewish Society 200 B.C.E. to 640 C.E. Princeton and London: Princeton University Press.

Sievers, J. 1996. ‘Who Were the Pharisees?’. In J. H. Charlesworth, ed., Hillel and Jesus, Minneapolis: Fortress, 1–22.

Smith, M. 1971. ‘Zealots and Sicarii: Their Origins and Relation’. HTR 64: 1–19; repr. in idem, Studies in the Cult of Yahweh, i. ed. S. Cohen, Leiden: Brill, 1996, 211–26.

Stemberger, G. 1995. Jewish Contemporaries of Jesus. Minneapolis: Fortress.

Stone, M. 1980. Scriptures, Sects and Visions. Oxford: Blackwell.

Ulrich, E., and VanderKam, J. 1994. The Community of the Renewed Covenant. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press.

Vermes, G., and Goodman, M. 1989. The Essenes according to the Classical Sources. Sheffield: JSOT Press.

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