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The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies Provides a comprehensive survey of Biblical scholarship in a variety of disciplines.



Alexander, P. 1990. ‘Quid Athenis et Hierosolymis?’ In P. R. Davis and R. T. White, eds., A Tribute to Geza Vermes: Essays on Jewish and Christian Literature and History, Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 101–24.

Alon, G. 1989. The Jews in Their Land in the Talmudic Age (70–640 CE), 3rd edn. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Avery-Peck, A. J. 1993. ‘Classifying Early Rabbinic Pronouncement Stories’. SBL Seminar Papers, 223–44.

Avi-Yonah, M. 1976. The Jews of Palestine: Political History from the Bar Kokhba War to the Arab Conquest. New York: Schocken Books.

Barclay, J. M. G. 1996. Jews in the Mediterranean Disapora: From Alexander to Trajan (323 BCE–117 CE). Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.

Baumgarten, A. 1997. The Flourishing of Jewish Sects in the Maccabean Era: An Interpretation. Leiden: Brill.

Beckwith, R. T. 1988. ‘The Formation of the Hebrew Bible’. In Mulder 1988: 39–86.

Bickerman, E. J. 1988. The Jews in the Greek Age. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Boyarin, D. 1990. Intertextuality and the Reading of Midrash. Bloomington, Ind.: University of Indiana Press.

Cohen, S. J. D. 1984. ‘The Significance of Yavneh: Pharisees, Rabbis, and the End of Jewish Sectarianism’. HUCA 55: 27–53.

——— 1987. From the Maccabees to the Mishnah. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.

Demsky, A., and Bar-Ilan, M. 1988. ‘Writing in Ancient Israel and Early Judaism, Part One: The Biblical Period’. In Mulder 1988: 1–20.

Faur, J. 1986. Golden Doves with Silver Dots: Semiotics and Textuality in Rabbinic Tradition. Bloomington, Ind.: University of Indiana Press.

Feldman, L. H. 1993. Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World: Attitudes and Interactions from Alexander to Justinian. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Fischel, H. A. 1968. ‘Studies in Cynicism and the Ancient Near East: The Transformation of a Chria’. In J. Neusner, ed., Religions in Antiquity: Essays in Memory of Erwin Ramsdell Goodenough, Leiden: Brill, 372–411.

——— 1973. Rabbinic Literature and Greco-Roman Philosophy: A Study of Epicurea and Rhetorica in Early Midrashic Writings. Leiden: Brill.

——— ed. 1977. Essays in Greco-Roman and Related Talmudic Literature. New York: Ktav Publishing House.

Gafni, I. M. 1997. Land, Center and Diaspora: Jewish Constructs in Late Antiquity. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

Goodblatt, D. 1994. The Monarchic Principle: Studies in Jewish Self-Government in Antiquity. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Goodman, M., ed. 1998. Jews in a Graeco-Roman World. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press.

——— 2000. State and Society in Roman Galilee, A.D. 132–212, 2nd edn. London and Portland, Ore.: Vallentine Mitchell.

Gruen, E. S. 2002. Diaspora: Jews Amidst Greeks and Romans. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Hachlili, R. 1988. Ancient Jewish Art and Archaeology in the Land of Israel. Leiden: Brill.

——— 1998. Ancient Jewish Art and Archaeology in the Diaspora. Leiden: Brill.

Handelman, S. A. 1982. The Slayers of Moses: The Emergence of Rabbinic Interpretation in Modern Literary Criticism. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Hengel, M. 1991. Judaism and Hellenism: Studies in their Encounter in Palestine during the Early Hellenistic Period, 2 vols. in one, 2nd edn. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Hezser, C. 1996. ‘Die Verwendung der hellenistischen Gattung Chrie im frühen Christentum und Judentum’. JSJ 27: 371–439.

——— 1997. The Social Structure of the Rabbinic Movement in Roman Palestine. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

——— 1998. ‘The Codification of Legal Knowledge in Late Antiquity: The Talmud Yerushalmi and Roman Law Codes’. In Schäfer, ed., 1998: 581–641.

——— 2000. ‘Interfaces between Rabbinic Literature and Graeco-Roman Philosophy’. In Schäfer and Hezser 2000: 161–87.

——— 2001. Jewish Literacy in Roman Palestine. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

——— ed. 2003. Rabbinic Law in its Roman and Near Eastern Context. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Hoffman, L. A. 1979. The Canonization of the Synagogue Service. Notre Dame, Ind., and London: University of Notre Dame Press.

Isaac, B., and Oppenheimer, A., eds. 1996. Studies on the Jewish Diaspora in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. Tel Aviv: Ramot Publishing.

Jacobs, M. 1995. Die Institution des iudischen Patriarchen: Eine quellen- und traditionskritische Studie zur Geschichte der Juden in der Spätantike. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

——— 1998a. ‘Römische Thermenkultur im Spiegel des Talmud Yerushalmi’. In Schäfer 1998: 219–311.

——— 1998b. ‘Theatres and Performances as Reflected in the Talmud Yerushalmi’. In Schäfer 1998: 327–47.

——— 2000. ‘Pagane Tempel in Palestina—rabbinische Aussagen im Vergleich mit archaeologischen Funden’. In Schäfer and Hezser 2000: ii. 139–59.

Leiman, S. Z. 1991. The Canonization of Hebrew Scripture: The Talmudic and Midrashic Evidence, 2nd edn. New Haven: Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Levine, L. I. 2000. The Ancient Synagogue: The First Thousand Years. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Lewis, J. P. 1964. ‘What Do We Mean by Yavneh?’ JBR 32: 125–32.

Lieberman, S. 1962. Hellenism in Jewish Palestine, 2nd edn. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America.

——— 1965. Greek in Jewish Palestine, 2nd edn. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America.

Milson, D. W. 2002. ‘Aspects of the Impact of Christian Art on Synagogues in Byzantine Palestine’. Doctoral thesis, Oxford University.

Mulder, M. J., ed. 1988. Mikra. Text. Translation, Reading, and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity. Assen and Philadelphia: Fortress Press.

Neusner, J. 1991. Symbol and Theology in Early Judaism. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Porton, G. G. 1979. ‘Midrash: Palestinian Jews and the Hebrew Bible in the Graeco-Roman Period’. ANRW 11. 19. 2: 103–38.

——— 1981. ‘The Pronouncement Story in Tannaitic Literature: A Review of Bultmann's Theory’. Semeia 20: 81–99.

Rutgers, L. V. 1995. The Jews in Late Ancient Rome: Evidence of Cultural Interaction in the Roman Diaspora. Leiden: Brill.

——— 1998. The Hidden Heritage of Diaspora Judaism, 2nd edn. Leiden: Brill.

Safrai, S. 1974. ‘Jewish Self-Government’. In S. Safrai and M. Stem, The Jewish People in the First Century, CRINT 1.1, Assen: Van Gorcum, 377–419.

Schäfer, P. 1975. ‘Die sogenannte Synode von Jabne: Zur Trennung von Juden und Christen im ersten/zweiten Jh. n. Chr’. Judaica 31: 54–64.

——— 1991. ‘Der vorrabbinische Pharisäismus’. In M. Hengel and U. Heckel, eds., Paulus und das antike Judentum, Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 125–72.

——— 1995. The History of the Jews in Antiquity. Luxembourg: Harwood Academic Publishers.

——— ed. 1998. The Talmud Yerushalmi and Graeco-Roman Culture, i. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

——— ed. 2002. The Talmud Yerushalmi and Graeco-Roman Culture, iii. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

——— and Hezser, C., eds. 2000. The Talmud Yerushalmi and Graeco-Roman Culture, ii. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Schiffman, L. H. 1991. From Text to Tradition: A History of Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing House.

Schwartz, S. 2001. Imperialism and Jewish Society, 200 B.C.E. to 640 C.E. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Stemberger, G. 1977. ‘Die sogenannte “Synode von Jabne” und das frühe Christentum’. Kairos, 19: 14–21.

——— 1996. Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash, 2nd edn. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.

Stern, D. 1991. Parables in Midrash: Narrative and Exegesis in Rabbinic Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

——— 1996. Midrash and Theory: Ancient Jewish Exegesis and Contemporary Literary Studies. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press.

Thatcher, T. 1998. ‘Literacy, Textual Communities, and Josephus' Jewish War’. JSJ 29: 123–42.

Veltri, G. 1990. ‘Zur traditionsgeschichtlichen Entwicklung des Bewusstseins von einem Kanon: Die Yavneh-Frage’. JSJ 21: 210–26.

Visotzky, B. L. 1995. Fathers of the World: Essays in Rabbinic and Patristic Literatures. Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Ziegler, I. 1903. Die Konigsgleichnisse des Midrasch beleuchtet durch die römische Kaiserzeit. Breslau: Schlesische Verlagsanstalt v. S. Schottlaender.

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