We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.

Sources.

1.

The legal core in chs. 12–26 incorporates many older materials. A direct comparison is possible between Deuteronomy and the so-called Book of the Covenant in Ex 20:22–23:33 . This shows parallels between Ex 20:24–5 ǁ Deut 12:13–14, Ex 21:2–11 ǁ Deut 15:12–18, Ex 21:12–14 ǁ Deut 19:1–13, Ex 22:25–7 (MT 24–6) ǁ 23:19–20 (MT 20–1); 24:10–13, Ex 23:4–5 ǁ Deut 22:1–4, Ex 23:10–11 ǁ Deut 15:1–11, Ex 23:14–18 ǁ Deut 16:1–17 . These as well as some less obvious parallels make it clear that the Deuteronomic law represents a later stage in the history of Israelite law (Otto 1996a ; Levinson 1997 ; contrast Van Seters 1996 ), although the Book of the Covenant may itself contain post-Deuteronomic as well as pre- and proto-Deuteronomic materials. At least two more collections of laws were taken up by the authors of the law code, namely a collection of family and sex laws ( 21:15–21; 22:13–29; 24:1–4; 25:5–12 ) and a collection of laws on warfare ( 20:10–14, 19–20; 21:10–14; 23:10–15 ) (Seitz 1971; Rofé 1987; 1985b ). Further laws may have been taken up from oral tradition, possibly with some paraenetic elements attached to them urging and motivating obedience, such as, e.g. 22:6–7 . The series of curses in 27:16–25 belongs to the apodictic law in Israelite tradition which commands an unconditional condemnation of or punishment for certain offences.

2.

The large section of blessings and curses in ch. 28 contains a traditional series of blessings in vv. 3–6 (which are reversed in vv. 16–19 ). vv. 20–44 closely follow a sequence of curses in Esar-haddon's succession treaty (see DEUT F.2).

3.

Ch. 5 contains the Decalogue (vv. 6–21 ) which found its place also in Exodus ( 20:2–17 ). However, instead of being a source of Deuteronomy, it is a composition which originated inside the Deuteronomic movement (Hossfeld 1982 ).

4.

On the plane of the history of ideas, Deuteronomy is often seen as belonging to a Hoseanic prophetic tradition. The basic command of Deut 6:4–5 which centres on the notion of ‘love’ of God is regarded as a consequence of the theological concern and the metaphorical language of Hosea. As a second instance of Hoseanic influence the law concerning the king over YHWH's people (Deut 17:14–20 ) is appealed to. However, the available evidence does not sufficiently support the conclusion that Deuteronomy originated in the monarchy of northern Israel and was taken to Judah by refugees after the defeat of Israel in 722 BCE (Alt 1953 ).

5.

The historical reviews in 1:6–3:29; 5:1–33; 9:7–10:11 show a relationship with narrative traditions in Exodus and Numbers and presuppose the Yahwistic work in the Pentateuch. Whether 11:26–32 and 27:1–14 , together with Josh 8:30–5 , reflect an ancient tradition (Nielsen 1995; Weinfeld 1991 ) remains doubtful.

6.

Two independent documents have been added to Deuteronomy, in ch. 32 the Song of Moses, and in ch. 33 the Blessing of Moses. Whereas the collection of sayings about the tribes in ch. 33 mostly predates the seventh century, the poem of ch. 32 has its origin in the context of later reflections about the relationship between YHWH and Israel amongst the nations.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2017. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice