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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.

Canonicity.

All three additions are clearly secondary, in their earliest form surviving only in Greek. In the early church Justin (d. 165) is the earliest to refer to the additions to Dan 3 , Irenaeus (140–c.200) the earliest to refer to Susanna and Bel and the Dragon (Schürer 1987: 726–9). Julius Africanus (d. c.240) was the first to question the canonicity of the additions, as did Jerome, but they remained part of the Greek Bible and the Vg. They are unattested amongst the Jews of antiquity, first appearing fully in the medieval versions of Josippon and in the Chronicles of Jerahmeel. Perhaps Susanna was never accepted by Jews either because it appears to contravene certain legal practices concerning witnesses (cf m. Sanh. 5:1 ) or because it undermines the authority of elders, or because it was seen as an inept introduction to Daniel.

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