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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.

The Religious Teaching.

Zechariah develops a theology that is eschatological and ultimately hopeful. Proto-Zechariah's picture of the restored Jerusalem, its temple and leadership, feeds into the later concept of the New Jerusalem, and chs. 12–14 contribute to the developed picture of the final day of the Lord. Zechariah contains important material on the subject of the Messiah (OCB). A number of passages which may refer to such a person or role are found in both parts. The historical-critical tendency to limit the reference of such passages to specific historical settings has recently been challenged (Duguid 1995 ). Zechariah offers a number of different pictures of leadership and of the relationship between the leader and the led, so that their relationship to Christian doctrine is not straightforward. However, ideal leadership is shown as intimately related to the problem of how to break the hold of sin and be free from the endless repetition of a sin, punishment, repentance, restoration cycle. The problem is not, however, fully resolved within the OT.

G. Outline

  • The Restoration of Jerusalem ( 1:1–8:23 )

  • Hope Amid Conflict and Sin ( 9:1–14:21 )

    • Foreign Nations Oracles ( 9:1–8 )
    • The Hopes of Judah and Israel ( 9:9–10:12 )
    • The Shepherd Allegory (ch. 11 )
    • Judah and Jerusalem on the Day of the Lord (chs. 12–13 )
    • The Cosmic Day of the Lord (ch. 14 )

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