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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.



Aasgaard, R. (1997), ‘Brotherhood in Plutarch and Paul: Its Role and Character’, in H. Moxnes (ed.), Constructing Early Christian Families: Family as Social Reality and Metaphor (London: Routledge), 166–97.

Balch, D. L., Ferguson, E., and Meeks, W. A. (eds.) (1990), Greeks, Romans, and Christians: Essays in Honor of Abraham J. Malherbe (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Barclay, J. M. G. (1992), ‘Thessalonica and Corinth: Social Contrasts in Pauline Christianity’, JSNT 47: 49–74.

——— (1993), ‘Conflict in Thessalonika’, CBQ 53: 512–30.

Bassler, J. M. (1995), ‘Skeuos: A Modest Proposal for Illuminating Paul's Use of Metaphor in 1 Thessalonians 4:4 ’, in White and Yarbrough (1995: 53–66).

Baur, F. C. (1873–5) Paul: The Apostle of Jesus Christ (London: Williams & Norgate). German original, Paulus, der Apostel Jesu Christi (1845).

Best, E. (1972), A Commentary on the First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians, Black's New Testament Commentaries (London: Adam & Charles Black).

Betz, H. D. (1978), ‘De fraterno amore (Moralia 478A–492D)’, in H. D. Betz (ed.) (1978), Plutarch's Ethical Writings and Early Christian Literature (Leiden: E. J. Brill), 231–63.

Boers, H. (1976), ‘The Form Critical Study of Paul's Letters. 1 Thessalonians as a Case Study’, NTS 22: 140–58.

Brown, R. (1988), Group Processes: Dynamics Within and Between Groups (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

Chapa, J. (1994), ‘Is First Thessalonians a Letter of Consolation?’, NTS 40: 150–60.

Collins, R. F. (ed.) (1990), The Thessalonian Correspondence (Leuven: Leuven University Press).

De Jonge, H. J. (1990), ‘The Original Setting of the Christos Apethanen Hyper Formula’, in Collins (1990: 229–35).

Donfried, K. P. (1984), ‘1 Thessalonians 2:13–16 as a Test Case’, Interpretation, 38: 242–53.

——— (1985), ‘The Cults of Thessalonica and the Thessalonian Correspondence’, NTS 31: 336–56.

———(1989), ‘Cults and the Theology of 1 Thessalonians as a Reflection of its Purpose’, in M. P. Horgan and P. Kobelski (eds.), To Touch the Text: Studies in Honor of Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J. (New York: Crossroad), 243–60.

Doty, W. G. (1973), Letters in Primitive Christianity (Philadelphia: Fortress).

———(1986), Mythography: The Study of Myths and Rituals (Alabama: University of Alabama Press).

Duling, D. C. (1996), ‘Millennialism’, in R. L. Rohrbaugh (ed.), The Social Sciences and New Testament Interpretation (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson), 183–205.

Edson, C. (1948), ‘Cults of Thessalonica (Macedonica III)’, HTR 41: 153–204.

Eliade, M. (1989), The Myth of the Eternal Return (London: Penguin).

Esler, P. F. (1987), Community and Gospel in Luke–Acts: The Social and Political Motivations of Lucan Theology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

———(1993), ‘Political Oppression in Jewish Apocalyptic Literature: A Social-Scientific Approach’, Listening: Journal of Religion and Culture, 28:181–99.

———(1994), The First Christians in their Social Worlds: Social-Scientific Approaches to New Testament Interpretation (London: Routledge).

———(ed.) (1995), Modelling Early Christianity: Social-Scientific Studies of the New Testament in Its Context (London: Routledge).

———(1998), Galatians (London: Routledge).

———(2000), ‘“Keeping it in the Family”: Culture, Kinship and Identity in 1 Thessalonians and Galatians’, in J. W. van Henten and A. Brenner (eds.), Families and Family Relations as Represented in Early Judaisms and Early Christianities: Texts and Fictions, Studies in Theology and Religion (Leiden: Deo), ii. 145–84.

Fatum, L. (1997), ‘Brotherhood in Christ: A Gender Hermeneutical Reading of 1 Thessalonians’, in H. Moxnes (ed.), Constructing Early Christian Families: Family as Social Reality and Metaphor (London: Routledge), 183–97.

Faw, C. E. (1952), ‘On the Writing of First Thessalonians’, JBL 71: 217–25.

Frame, J. E. A. (1912), Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians (New York: James Scribner's).

Funk, R. (1967), ‘The Apostolic Parousia: Form and Significance’, in W. R. Farmer, C. F. D. Moule, and R. R. Niebuhr (eds.), Christian History and Interpretation: Studies Presented to John Knox (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 249–68.

Headland, T. N., Pike, K. L., and Harris, M. (eds.) (1990), Emics and Etics: The Insider/Outsider Debate, Frontiers of Anthropology, 7 (Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage).

Hendrix, H. L. (1984), ‘Thessalonicans Honor Rome’, Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.

Hock, R. F. (1980), The Social Context of Paul's Ministry: Tentmaking and Apostleship (Philadelphia: Fortress).

Hodgson, R., Jr. (1982), ‘1 Thess. 4:1–12 and the Holiness Tradition (HT)’, in K. H. Richards (ed.), Society of Biblical Literature 1982 Seminar Papers (Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press), 199–215.

Hooker, M. D., and Wilson, S. G. (1982) (eds.), Paul and Paulinism: Essays in Honour of C. K. Barrett (London: SPCK).

Jewett, R. (1986), The Thessalonian Correspondence: Pauline Rhetoric and Millenarian Piety (Philadelphia: Fortress).

———(1993), ‘Tenement Churches and Communal Meals in the Early Church: The Implications of a Form-Critical Analysis of 2 Thessalonians 3:10 ’, BR 38: 23–42.

Judge, E. A. (1971), ‘The Decrees of Caesar at Thessalonika’, RTR 30: 1–7.

Klauck, H.-J. (1990), ‘Brotherly Love in Plutarch and in 4 Maccabees’, in D. L. Balch, E. Ferguson, and W. A. Meeks (eds.), Greeks, Romans, and Christians: Essays in Honor of Abraham J. Malherbe (Minneapolis: Fortress), 144–56.

Kloppenborg, J. S. (1993), PHILADELPHIA, THEODIDAKTOS and the Dioscuri: Rhetorical Engagement in 1 Thessalonians 4.9–12’, NTS 39: 265–89.

Koester, H. (1979), ‘I Thessalonians—Experiment in Christian Writing’, in F. F. Church and T. George (eds.) (1979), Continuity and Discontinuity in Church History: Essays Presented to George Hunston Williams on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, Studies in the History of Christian Thought, 19 (Leiden: E. J. Brill), 33–44.

Koskenniemi, H. (1956), Studien zur Idee und Phraseologie des griechischen Briefes bis n. Chr (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia).

Lührmann, D. (1990), ‘The Beginnings of the Church in Thessalonica’, in Balch, Ferguson, and Meeks (1990: 237–49).

MacMullen, R. (1981), Paganism in the Roman Empire (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Malherbe, A. J. (1987), Paul and the Thessalonians: The Philosophic Tradition of Pastoral Care (Philadelphia: Fortress).

———(1989a), Paul and the Popular Philosophers (Minneapolis: Fortress).

———(1989b), ‘ “Gentle as a Nurse”: The Cynic Background to 1 Thessalonians 2’, in Malherbe 1989a: 35–48 (first pub. in NovT 12 (1970), 213–17).

———(1989c), ‘Exhortation in First Thessalonians’, in Malherbe 1989a: 49–66 (first pub. in NovT 25 (1983), 238–56).

———(1990), ‘Did the Thessalonians Write to Paul?’ in R. R. Fortna and B. R. Gaventa (eds.), The Conversation Continues: Studies in Paul & John in Honor of J. Louis Martyn (Nashville: Abingdon, 246–57).

Malina, B. J. (1993), The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology, rev. edn. (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox).

Marshall, I. H. (1982), ‘Pauline Theology in the Thessalonian Correspondence’, in Hooker and Wilson (1982: 173–83).

Maurer, C. (1971), S. V. skeuos, TDNT vii. 358–67.

Okeke, G. E. (1980–1), ‘1 Thess 2.13–16. The Fate of the Unbelieving Jews’, NTS 27: 127–36.

Pearson, B. A. (1971), ‘1 Thessalonians 2:13–16 : A Deutero-Pauline Interpolation’, HTR 64: 79–94.

Perkins, P. (1989), ‘1 Thessalonians and Hellenistic Religious Practices’, in M. P. Horgan and P. J. Kobelski (eds.) (1989), To Touch the Text: Biblical and Related Studies in Honor of Joseph A. Fitzmyer (New York: Crossroad), 325–34.

Robinson, P. (ed.) (1996), Social Groups and Identities: Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel (Oxford: Butterworth Heinnemann).

Schmidt, D. (1983), ‘1 Thess 2: 13–16: Lingistic Evidence for an Interpolation’, JBL 102: 269–79.

Schöllgen, G. (1988), ‘Was wissen wie über Sozialstruktur der paul-inischen Gemeinden?’, NTS 34: 71–82.

Schubert, P. (1939), Form and Function of the Pauline Thanksgivings, BNZW 20 (Berlin: de Gruyter).

Seesemann, H. (1967), ‘Pateō and compounds in NT’, TDNT v. 943–5.

Smith, A. (1989), ‘The Social and Ethical Implications of the Pauline Rhetoric in 1 Thessalonians’, dissertation submitted to Vanderbilt University (Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International).

Stern, M. (1974–80), Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism (2 vols.; Jerusalem: Israel Academy of the Arts and Sciences).

Stowers, S. K. (1986), Letter Writing in Greco-Roman Antiquity (Philadelphia: Westminster).

Tajfel, H. (1978), Differentiation between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations (London: Academic Press).

———(1981), ‘Social Stereotypes and Social Groups’, in H. Tajfel, Human Groups and Social Categories: Studies in Social Psychology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

———and Turner, J. C. (1979), ‘An Integrative Theory of Intergroup Conflict’, in W. G. Austin and S. Worchel (eds.), The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations (Monterey, Calif.: Brooks-Cole), 33–47.

———(1986), ‘The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Conflict’, in S. Worchel and W. G. Austin (eds.) (1986), Psychology of Intergroup Relations (Chicago: Nelson-Hall), 7–24.

Vickers, M. (1972), ‘Hellenistic Thessaloniki’, JHS 92: 156–70.

Vos, C. de (1999), Church and Community Conflicts: The Relationships of the Thessalonian, Corinthian, and Philippian Churches with their Wider Civic Communities, SBL DS 168 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Weatherly, J. A. (1991), ‘The Authenticity of 1 Thessalonians 2.13–16: Additional Evidence’, JSNT 42: 79–98.

White, M. L., and Yarbrough, O. L. (eds.) (1995), The Social World of the First Christians: Essays in Honor of Wayne A. Meeks (Philadelphia: Fortress).

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