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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.



Achtemeier, E. (1982), The Community and Message of Isaiah 56–66 (Minneapolis: Augsburg).

Ackroyd, P. R. (1987), ‘Isaiah 1–12: Presentation of a Prophet’, ‘Isaiah 36–39: Structure and Function’, ‘An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of II Kings 20 and Isaiah 38–39’, and ‘The Death of Hezekiah’, in his Studies in the Religious Tradition of the Old Testament (London: SCM), 79–104, 105–20, 152–71, and 172–80.

Albertz, R. (1990), ‘Das Deuterojesaja-Buch als Fortschreibung der Jesaja-Prophetie’, in E. Blum, C. Macholz, and E. W. Stegemann (eds.), Die Hebräische Bibel und ihre zweifache Nachgeschichte: Festschrift für Rolf Rendtorff (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag), 241–56.

Alt, A. (1953), ‘Jesaja 8, 23–9, 6: Befreiungsnacht und Kronungstag’, in Kleine Schriften zur Geschichte des Volkes Israel, 1st edn. 1950 (Munich: C. H. Beck), ii. 206 ff.

Balentine, S. E. (1983), The Hidden God (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Barr, J. (1992), The Garden of Eden and the Hope of Immortality (London: SCM).

Barstad, H. M. (1994), ‘The Future of the “Servant Songs”; Some Reflections on the Relationship of Biblical Scholarship to its own Tradition’, in S. E. Balentine and J. Barton (eds.), Language, Theology, and the Bible: FS James Barr (Oxford: Clarendon), 261–70.

Begg, C. T. (1989), ‘Babylon in the Book of Isaiah’, in J. Vermeylen (ed.), The Book of Isaiah, BETL 131 (Leuven: Leuven University Press), 121–5.

Bentzen, A. (1957), Introduction to the Old Testament (Copenhagen: Gad).

Carr, D. (1993), ‘Reaching for Unity in Isaiah’, JSOT 57: 61–80.

Carroll, R. P. (1979), When Prophecy Failed (London: SCM).

——— (1981), From Chaos to Covenant (London: SCM).

——— (1992), ‘Co-opting the Prophets: Nehemiah and Noadiah’, in E. Ulrich, J. W. Wright, R. P. Carroll, and P. R. Davies (eds.), Priests, Prophets and Scribes: FS J. Blenkinsopp, JSOTSup 149 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), 87–99.

Childs, B. S. (1967), Isaiah and the Assyrian Crisis, SBT 2/3 (London: SCM).

Clements, R. E. (1980a), Isaiah 1–39 (NC Bible Commentary) (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans).

——— (1980b), Isaiah and the Deliverance of Jerusalem, JSOTSup 13 (Sheffield: JSOT).

——— (1985), ‘Beyond Tradition History: Deutero-Isaianic Development of First Isaiah's Themes’, JSOT 31: 95–113.

——— (1989), ‘Isaiah 14, 22–27: A Central Passage Reconsidered’, in J. Vermeylen (ed.), The Book of Isaiah (Leuven: Leuven University Press), 253–62.

Clifford, R. J. (1972), The Cosmic Mountain in Canaan and the Old Testament, HSM 4 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Clines, D. J. A. (1976), I, He, We, and They: A Literary Approach to Isaiah 53, JSOTSup 1 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Conrad, E. W. (1985), ‘The Community as King in Second Isaiah’, in J. T. Butler, E. W. Conrad, and B. C. Ollenburger (eds.), Understanding the Word: FS B. W. Anderson, JSOTSup 37 (Sheffield: JSOT), 99–111.

——— (1991), Reading Isaiah (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Cryer, F. H. (1994), Divination in Ancient Israel and its Near Eastern Environment, JSOTSup 142 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Davies, G. I. (1989), ‘The Destiny of the Nations in the Book of Isaiah’, in J. Vermeylen (ed.), The Book of Isaiah (Leuven: Leuven University Press), 93–120.

Day, J. (1980), ‘A Case of Inner Scriptural Interpretation: The Dependence of Isaiah xxvi.13–xxvii.11 on Hosea xiii.4–xiv.10 (Eng. 9) and its Relevance to Some Theories of the Redaction of the Isaiah Apocalypse’, JTS NS 31: 309–19.

Dicou, B. (1994), Edom, Israel's Brother and Antagonist: The Role of Edom in Biblical Prophecy and Story, JSOTSup 169 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Eaton, J. H. (1979), Festal Drama in Deutero Isaiah (London: SPCK).

——— (1982), ‘The Isaiah Tradition’, in R. Coggins, A. Phillips, and M. Knibb (eds.), Israel's Prophetic Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 58–76.

Eissfeldt, O. (1962), ‘The Promises of Grace to David in Isaiah 55:1–5 ’, in B. W. Anderson and W. Harrelson (eds.), Israel's Prophetic Heritage: FS J. Muilenburg (London: SCM), 196–207.

——— (1965), The Old Testament: An Introduction (Oxford: Blackwell).

Emerton, J. A. (1982), ‘The Translation and Interpretation of Isaiah vi. 13’, in Interpreting the Hebrew Bible: Essays in Honour of E. I. J. Rosenthal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 85–118.

——— (1992), ‘The Translation of Isaiah 5:1 ’, in F. Garcia Martinez, A. Hilhorst, and C. J. Labuschagne (eds.), The Scriptures and the Scrolls: Essays in Honour of A. S. van der Woude (Leiden: Brill), 18–30.

Emmerson, G. I. (1992), Isaiah 56–66, Old Testament Guides (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Fohrer, G. (1967), ‘Jesaja 1 als Zusammenfassung der Verkündigung Jesajas’, in his Studien zur alttestamentlichen Prophetie, BZAW 99 (Berlin: de Gruyter), 148–66.

Gibson, J. C. L. (1978), Canaanite Myths and Legends (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Gosse, B. (1988), Isaïe 13, 1–14, 23 dans la tradition littéraire du livre d'Isaïe et dans la tradition des oracles contre les nations, OBO 78 (Fribourg: Universitätsverlag).

Hanson, P. D. (1979), The Dawn of Apocalyptic, 2nd edn. (Philadelphia: Fortress).

Heaton, E. W. (1994), The School Tradition of the Old Testament (Oxford: Clarendon).

Hennecke, E. (1963), New Testament Apocrypha (London: SCM), i.

Henry, M.-L. (1967), Glaubenskrise und Glaubensbewährung in den Dichtungen der Jesajaapokalypse (Stuttgart: Kohlhammer).

Jacob, E. (1987), Esaïe 1–12, CAT 8a (Geneva: Labor et Fides).

Jenkins, A. K. (1989), ‘The Development of the Isaiah Tradition in Isaiah 13–23’, in J. Vermeylen (ed.), The Book of Isaiah (Leuven: Leuven University Press).

Jensen, J. (1973), The Use of tora by Isaiah, CBQMS 3 (Washington: Catholic Biblical Association).

——— and Irwin, W. H. (1989), ‘Isaiah 1–39’, in NJBC.

Johnson, A. R. (1955), ‘Mashal’, in M. Noth and D. Winton Thomas (eds.), Wisdom in Israel and in the Ancient Near East, VTSup 3 (Leiden: Brill), 162–9.

Johnson, D. G. (1988), From Chaos to Restoration: An Integrative Reading of Isaiah 24–27, JSOTSup 61 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Jones, G. H. (1971), ‘Abraham and Cyrus: Type and Anti-Type?’, VT 22: 304–19.

Kaiser, O. (1974), Isaiah 13–39, OTL (London: SCM).

——— (1983), Isaiah 1–12 OTL (London: SCM). This is the 2nd English edn.; in the first edn. (1972), much more of the material was regarded as originating from Isaiah himself.

Kratz, R. G. (1991), Kyros im Deuterojesaja-Buch, FAT 1 (Tübingen: Mohr[Siebeck]).

Kugel, J. L. (1981), The Idea of Biblical Poetry (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Kuhrt, A. (1983), ‘The Cyrus Cylinder and Achaemenid Imperial Policy’, JSOT 25: 83–97.

Kuntz, J. K. (1982), ‘The Contribution of Rhetorical Criticism to Understanding Isaiah 51: 1–16’, in D. J. A. Clines, D. M. Gunn, and A. J. Hauser (eds.), Art and Meaning: Rhetoric in Biblical Literature, JSOTSup 19 (Sheffield: JSOT), 140–71.

Lindblom, J. (1958), A Study on the Immanuel Section in Isaiah (Lund: Gleerup).

Ludwig, O. (1961), Die Stadt in der Jesaja-Apokalypse (Bonn: Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität).

McKane, W. (1965), Prophets and Wise Men, SBT 44 (London: SCM).

McKenzie, J. L. (1968), Second Isaiah, AB 20 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday).

Macintosh, A. A. (1980), Isaiah XXI: A Palimpsest (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Matthews, V. H., and Benjamin, D. C. (1993), Social World of Ancient Israel 1250–587 BCE (Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson).

Mazar, B. (1957), ‘The Tobiads’, IEJ 7: 137–45, 229–38.

Melnyk, J. L. R. (1993), ‘When Israel was a Child: Ancient Near Eastern Adoption Formulas and the Relationship between God and Israel’, in M. P. Graham, W. P. Brown, and J. K. Kuan (eds.), History and Interpretation: Essays in Honour of John H. Hayes, JSOTSup 173 (Sheffield: Sheffield University Press), 245–59.

Merendino, R. P. (1981), Der Erste und der Letzte: Eine Untersuchung von Jes. 40–48, VTSup 31 (Leiden: Brill).

Mettinger, T. N. D. (1983), A Farewell to the Servant Songs: A Critical Examination of an Exegetical Axiom (Lund: Gleerup).

Millar, W. R. (1976), Isaiah 24–27 and the Origin of Apocalyptic, HSM 11 (Missoula, Mont.: Scholars Press).

Miscall, P. D. (1993), Isaiah (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Murray, R. (1982), ‘Prophecy and the Cult’, in R. Coggins, A. Phillips, and M. Knibb (eds.), Israel's Prophetic Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 200–16.

——— (1992), The Cosmic Covenant (London: Sheed & Ward).

Nielsen, K. (1978), Yahweh as Prosecutor and Judge JSOTSup 9 (Sheffield: JSOT).

North, C. R. (1948), The Suffering Servant in Deutero-Isaiah (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

——— (1964), The Second Isaiah (Oxford: Clarendon).

Petersen, D. L. and Richards, K. H. (1992), Interpreting Hebrew Poetry (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Pfisterer Darr, K. (1994), Isaiah's Vision and the Family of God (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox).

Phillips, A. (1982), ‘Double for all her Sins’, ZAW 94: 130–2.

Rad, G. von (1966a), ‘The Royal Ritual in Judah’, in The Problem of the Hexateuch and Other Essays (Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd), 222–31.

——— (1966b), ‘There Remains Still a Rest for the People of God: An Investigation of a Biblical Conception’, ibid. 94–102 .

Rendtorff, R. (1994), ‘The Composition of the Book of Isaiah’, and ‘Isaiah 56:1 as a Key to the Formation of the Book of Isaiah’, in his Canon and Theology (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Ringgren, H. (1956), The Messiah in the Old Testament, SBT 18 (London: SCM).

Rowley, H. H. (1952), ‘The Servant of the Lord in the Light of Three Decades of Criticism’, in his The Servant of the Lord and other Essays (London: Lutterworth), 1–57.

Sawyer, J. F. A. (1973), ‘Hebrew Words for the Resurrection of the Dead’, VT 23: 218–34.

——— (1989), ‘Daughter of Zion and Servant of the Lord in Isaiah: A Comparison’, JSOT 44: 89–107.

Schoors, A. (1973), I am God your Saviour: A Form-Critical Study of the Main Genres in Isaiah xl-lv, VTS 24 (Leiden: Brill).

Schramm, B. (1995), The Opponents of Third Isaiah: Reconstructing the Cultic History of the Restoration, JSOTSup 193 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Selms, A. van (1982), ‘The Holy One of Israel’, in W. C. Delsman et al. (eds.), Von Kanaan bis Kerala: FS J. P. M. van der Ploeg (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag), 257–69.

Simon, U. E. (1953), A Theology of Salvation (London: SPCK).

Skinner, J. (1910), The Book of the Prophet Isaiah Chapters xl–lxvi, Cambridge Bible, 1st edn. 1898 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Smith, S. (1944), Isaiah Chapters xl–lv: Literary Criticism and History, Schweich Lectures, 1940 (London: British Academy).

Snaith, N. H. (1967), ‘Isaiah 40–66: A Study of the Teaching of the Second Isaiah and its Consequences’, in H. M. Orlinsky and N. H. Snaith, Studies on the Second Part of the Book of Isaiah VTS 14 (Leiden: Brill).

Stacey, W. D. (1990), Prophetic Drama in the Old Testament (London: Epworth).

——— (1993), Isaiah 1–39, Epworth Commentaries (London: Epworth).

Steck, O. H. (1985), Bereitete Heimkehr, SBS 121 (Stuttgart: Katho-lisches Bibelwerk GmbH).

——— (1991), Studien zu Tritojesaja, BZAW 203 (Berlin: de Gruyter).

Sweeney, M. A. (1988a), Isaiah 1–4 and the Post-Exilic Understanding of the Isaianic Tradition, BZAW 171 (Berlin: de Gruyter).

——— (1988b), ‘Textual Citations in Isaiah 24–27’, JBL 107: 39–52.

——— (1993), ‘The Book of Isaiah in Recent Research’, Currents in Research: Biblical Studies, 1: 141–62.

Tomes, R. (1993), ‘The Reason for the Syro-Ephraimite War’, JSOT 59: 55–71.

Torrey, C. C. (1928), The Second Isaiah (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Uffenheimer, B., ‘Isaiah's and Micah's Approaches to Policy and History’, in Reventlow, H. G., Hoffman, Y., and Uffenheimer, B. (eds.) (1994), Politics and Theopolitics in the Bible and Postbiblical Literature, JSOTSup 171 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), 176–88.

Van Seters, J. (1975), Abraham in History and Tradition (New Haven: Yale University Press).

Vaux, R. de (1961), Ancient Israel (London: Darton, Longman & Todd).

Vermeylen, J. (1977–8), Du prophète Isaïe à l'apocalyptique, 2 vols. (Paris: Gabalda).

——— (1989), ‘L'unité du livre d'Isaïe’, in Vermeylen (ed.), The Book of Isaiah (Leuven: Leuven University Press).

Werlitz, J. (1992), Studien zur literarkritischen Methode: Gericht und Heil in Jesaja 7, 1–17 und 29, 1–8, BZAW 204 (Berlin: de Gruyter).

Westermann, C. (1967), Basic Forms of Prophetic Speech (London: Lutterworth).

——— (1969), Isaiah 40–66, OTL (London: SCM).

Whybray, R. N. (1971), The Heavenly Counsellor in Isaiah xl 13–14, SOTSMS 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

——— (1974), The Intellectual Tradition in the Old Testament, BZAW 135 (Berlin: de Gruyter).

——— (1975), Isaiah 40–66, New Century Bible (London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott).

——— (1978), Thanksgiving for a Liberated Prophet, JSOTSup 4 (Sheffield: JSOT).

——— (1983), The Second Isaiah, Old Testament Guides (Sheffield JSOT).

Wiklander, B. (1984), Prophecy as Literature: A Text-Linguistic and Rhetorical Approach to Isaiah 2–4, CBOT 23 (Lund: Gleerup).

Wildberger, H. (1972), Jesaja 1–12, BKAT 10/1 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

——— (1978), Jesaja 13–23, BKAT 10/2 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

——— (1989), ‘The Concept of Israel in Transition’, in R. E. Clements (ed.), The World of Ancient Israel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 141–61.

Williamson, H. G. M. (1994), The Book Called Isaiah (Oxford: Clarendon).

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