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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter I

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Text Commentary

1(A 19) The word of the Lord came to me, saying, Son of man, 1 SaCB and Sch om. ‘Son of man’. say to this people, Why do you 2 SaCB and Sch ‘Why do you sin and’. pile sin upon sin and provoke the Lord God who has made you to wrath? 2Love not the world nor the things in the world, for the boastfulness of the world is of the devil and its destruction. 3Remember that the Lord of glory, 3 SaCB and Sch om. ‘of glory’. who has made all things, has taken pity on you to deliver us from the slavery of this present age. 4For time and time again the Devil has desired to stop the sun from shining on the earth, and to stop the earth from 5bearing its fruit, and wanted to devour men like the fire that runs (A 20) among the stubble, 4 So SaCB and Sch: A ‘that runs with a voice’ (i.e. noisily). wanting to devour them like water. 6That is why the God of glory took pity on us: he sent 5 SaCB ‘he will send’. his Son into the world to deliver us from our slavery. 7When he came to us, he told neither angel nor archangel nor any power; 6 SaCB and Sch om. ‘nor any power’. but he assumed the form of a man when he came to us to save us. 7 SaCB adds ‘〈from the〉 flesh’. 8For this reason 〈you will〉 be his sons, since he is your father. 9Remember he has prepared for you thrones and crowns in heaven, saying, All who obey me shall receive thrones and crowns from what is mine (said the Lord); for I will write my name upon their forehead and seal their (A 21) right hand. 10They shall neither hunger, nor shall they thirst, nor shall the Son of Lawlessness have his way with them, nor shall thrones hinder them; but they shall walk with angels to my city. 11But sinners shall be put to shame: they 8 SaCB om. ‘shall be put to shame: they’. shall not pass beyond the thrones; but the thrones of death will hold them back and rule over them, because the angels do not acknowledge them 9 Lit. ‘do not agree with them’. and they have become strangers to God's 10 Lit. ‘his’. dwelling-places.

12Listen, wise men of the earth, and be on your guard against 11 Lit. ‘Listen, wise men of the earth, concerning’. the deceivers, of whom there will be many at the end of time. 13For they will have doctrines that are not of God: they will reject the law of God – men who have made (A 22) their belly their god, 12 Slightly emended on the basis of SaCB and Sch. saying, Fasting has no substance and God did not create it. 14They make themselves strangers to the covenant 〈of God〉 13 So SaCB and Sch. and rob themselves of the glorious promises. Such men are never established in firm faith. 15So do not let them lead you astray. Remember 〈that〉 the Lord created fasting when he made the heavens, for men's profit, because of the passions and desires 14 SaCB adds ‘of different kinds’. that are at war with you, so that the Evil One may not burn you up. 15 SaCB ‘may not deceive you’. 16But I have created a pure fasting, said the Lord. 17The man who fasts always (A 23) will not sin through jealousy or strife. 16 Lit. ‘sin with jealousy and strife in him’. 18,19Let the man who is pure fast. But the man who fasts, and is not pure provokes the Lord and the angels also; and he harms his own soul, laying up for himself a store of retribution for the day of retribution. 20But I have 17 SaCB ‘But the Lord has’. created a pure fasting with a pure heart and pure hands. 21It forgives sins: it heals diseases: it drives out demons: it is efficacious at the throne of God, like a sweetener, like a fragrance, for the forgiveness of sins 18 So SaCB: A is slightly defective here. by pure prayer. 22What respectable workman among you will go out into the fields without (A 24) his tools? Or who will go out to fight in war without a breastplate? 23Will he not be killed if he is found, because he has despised the king's service? 24So, too, it is impossible for anybody to come to the holy place and doubt. 25The man who doubts – his prayer is … in himself; 19 SaSt ‘He who doubts in his prayer is dark in himself’ (and similarly Sa CB ). neither do the angels acknowledge him. 20 Lit. ‘agree with him’. 26Be then of one mind always in the Lord, 21 Sa CB adds ‘be wise in the time’. so that you may be able to interpret all things. 22 So Sa CB and St: A ‘every hour’ or ‘at every hour’.

Notes:

1 SaCB and Sch om. ‘Son of man’.

2 SaCB and Sch ‘Why do you sin and’.

3 SaCB and Sch om. ‘of glory’.

4 So SaCB and Sch: A ‘that runs with a voice’ (i.e. noisily).

5 SaCB ‘he will send’.

6 SaCB and Sch om. ‘nor any power’.

7 SaCB adds ‘〈from the〉 flesh’.

8 SaCB om. ‘shall be put to shame: they’.

9 Lit. ‘do not agree with them’.

10 Lit. ‘his’.

11 Lit. ‘Listen, wise men of the earth, concerning’.

12 Slightly emended on the basis of SaCB and Sch.

13 So SaCB and Sch.

14 SaCB adds ‘of different kinds’.

15 SaCB ‘may not deceive you’.

16 Lit. ‘sin with jealousy and strife in him’.

17 SaCB ‘But the Lord has’.

18 So SaCB: A is slightly defective here.

19 SaSt ‘He who doubts in his prayer is dark in himself’ (and similarly Sa CB ).

20 Lit. ‘agree with him’.

21 Sa CB adds ‘be wise in the time’.

22 So Sa CB and St: A ‘every hour’ or ‘at every hour’.

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