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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter IV

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Text Commentary

1And in the third week of the second jubilee she gave birth to Cain, and in the fourth she gave birth to Abel, and in the fifth she gave birth to her daughter Awan. 2And in the first week of the third jubilee Cain killed Abel because God 1 Text ‘he’ (or, alternatively, ‘we’). had accepted Abel's sacrifice, but had not accepted his. 2 Lit. ‘but as for Cain, he had not accepted his offering’. 3And he killed him out in the open; and his blood cried from the ground to heaven, accusing him of murder. 3 Lit. ‘complaining because he had killed him’. 4And the Lord reproved Cain for Abel's murder and made him a fugitive 4 The text reads ‘he made him for length’. on the earth because of his brother's blood; and he cursed him on the earth. 5And that is why it is written on the heavenly tablets, Cursed is the man who strikes another man in secret, 5 Or ‘wickedly’ or ‘treacherously’. and let all who have seen and heard it say, Amen; and the man who has seen it and not disclosed it, let him be as accursed as the other. 6And this is why, when we come before the Lord our God, we report all the sin that is committed in heaven and on earth, and in light and darkness, everywhere.

7And Adam and his wife mourned for Abel four weeks of years. And in the fourth year of the fifth week their zest for life returned; and Adam had intercourse with his wife once more, and she bore him a son, and he called him Seth – for he said, God has given us another son 6 Lit. ‘raised up another seed to us’. on earth instead of Abel, because Cain killed him. 8,9And in the sixth week he begot his daughter Azura. And Cain took his sister Awan as his wife, and she bore him Enoch 7 Spelled Henoḥ. at the close of the fourth jubilee. And in the first year of the first week of the fifth jubilee houses were built on earth; and Cain built a city and named it after his son Enoch. 10And Adam had intercourse with his wife Eve, and she bore him nine more children.

11And in the fifth week of the fifth jubilee Seth took his sister Azura as his wife, and in the fourth year of the sixth week she bore him Enos. 12,13He was the first on earth to invoke the Lord by name. And in the seventh jubilee, in the third week, Enos took his sister Noam as his wife, and she bore him a son in the third year of the fifth week, and he called him Kenan. 14And at the close of the eighth jubilee Kenan took his sister Mualeleth as his wife, and she bore him a son in the ninth jubilee (in the first week, in the third year of that week), and he called him Mahalalel. 15And in the second week of the tenth jubilee Mahalalel took as his wife Dinah, the daughter of Barakiel, his father's brother's 8 The MSS read ‘sister's’. daughter, and she bore him a son in the third week, in the sixth year, and he called him Jared; and in his days the angels of the Lord (those who were called Watchers) came down to earth to teach men to do 9 Text ‘and to do’. what is just and right on earth.

16And in the eleventh jubilee Jared took a wife, in the fourth week of this jubilee, and her name was Berakhah, the daughter of Rasuel, a daughter of his father's brother, 10 The MSS read ‘sister’. and she bore him a son in the fifth week, in the fourth year of the jubilee, and he called him Enoch. 11 Spelled Henok. 17And he was the first among men born on earth to learn to write and to acquire knowledge and wisdom; and he wrote down in a book details about the signs of heaven according to the order of their months, so that men might know the seasons of the years according to the order of their several months. 18And he was the first to write a testimony; and he warned the sons of men about what would happen in future generations on the earth, 12 Lit. ‘and he testified to the sons of men concerning the generations of the earth’. and recounted the weeks of the jubilees, and made known the days of the years, and set in order the months, and recounted the sabbaths of the years, just as we made them known to him. 19And what was and what will be he saw in a vision in his sleep, just as it will happen to the sons of men in every generation till the day of judgement: he saw and knew all of it; and he wrote his testimony and left it 13 Lit. ‘and placed it’. as a testimony on earth for 14 Lit. ‘upon’. Or, perhaps, we should translate ‘and left it as a witness on earth against’. all the sons of men for every generation. 20And in the twelfth jubilee, in the seventh week of it, he took a wife, and her name was Edni, the daughter of Danel, his father's brother's 15 The MSS. read ‘sister's’. daughter; and in the sixth year in that week she bore him a son, and he called him Methuselah. 21And he was with the angels of God these six jubilees of years, and they showed him everything on earth and in the heavens, and the power of the sun; 16 Or ‘and they showed him all the power of the sun on the earth and in the heavens’. and he wrote down everything. 22And he bore witness to 17 Or ‘against’. the Watchers, who had sinned with the daughters of men – for these had begun to form unions with the daughters of men 18 Alternative reading ‘daughters of the earth’ (or ‘of the land’). and so defile themselves; and Enoch bore witness against them all. 23And he was taken away from the sons of men, and we conducted him into the garden of Eden in 19 Alternative reading ‘to’. majesty and honour; and there he records the condemnation and the judgement of the world, and all the wickedness of the sons of men. 24And because of him the water of the flood did not reach the land of Eden; 20 That is, Enoch was spared in the flood. The text reads ‘And because of him (or ‘it’) he (i.e. God) brought the water of the flood upon all the land of Eden’. for he was established there as a sign to bear witness against all the sons of men and keep a record of all the deeds of every generation till the day of judgement. 25And he burned the incense of the sanctuary, which is acceptable before the Lord, on the mount. 21 Most MSS add ‘of the midday’ (or ‘of the south’). 26For the Lord has four holy places on earth – the garden of Eden, the mount of the east, this mountain on which you are to-day (mount Sinai), and mount Zion, which in the new creation will be set apart 22 Lit ‘will be hallowed’. for the hallowing of the earth: through it the earth will be purified 22 Lit ‘will be hallowed’. from all its guilt and its uncleanness in each successive generation.

27And in the fourteenth jubilee Methuselah took a wife, Ednah, the daughter of Azariel, his father's brother's 15 The MSS. read ‘sister's’. daughter, in the third week, in the first year of this week, and he begot a son, and called him Lamech. 28And in the fifteenth jubilee, in the third week, Lamech took a wife, and her name was Betenos, the daughter of Barachel, his father's brother's 15 The MSS. read ‘sister's’. daughter; and in this week she bore him a son, and he called him Noah, saying, The one who will comfort me for my trouble and all my work, and for the ground which the Lord has cursed.

29And at the close of the nineteenth jubilee, in the seventh week, in the sixth year of it, Adam died; and all his children buried him in the land of his creation (and he was the first on earth to be buried). 30And he was seventy years short of a thousand; for in the testimony of the heavens a thousand years are as one day, and this explains why it was written about the tree of knowledge, On the day that you eat from it, you will die. So he did not complete the years of this day, but died during it. 31After him, at the close of this jubilee, Cain was killed, in the same year: his house fell on him, and he died inside it and was killed by the stones of it; for with a stone he had killed Abel, and by a just retribution he was killed by a stone himself. 32There is a rule about this on the heavenly tablets, With the instrument with which one man kills another man, with the same instrument shall he be killed: if he has done a particular injury to another man, the same injury shall be done to him.

33And in the twenty-fifth jubilee Noah took a wife, and her name was Emzara, the daughter of Rakeel, his father's brother's 15 The MSS. read ‘sister's’. daughter, in the first year, in the fifth week; and in the third year of it she bore him Shem, in the fifth year of it she bore him Ham, and in the first year in the sixth week she bore him Japheth.

Notes:

1 Text ‘he’ (or, alternatively, ‘we’).

2 Lit. ‘but as for Cain, he had not accepted his offering’.

3 Lit. ‘complaining because he had killed him’.

4 The text reads ‘he made him for length’.

5 Or ‘wickedly’ or ‘treacherously’.

6 Lit. ‘raised up another seed to us’.

7 Spelled Henoḥ.

8 The MSS read ‘sister's’.

9 Text ‘and to do’.

10 The MSS read ‘sister’.

11 Spelled Henok.

12 Lit. ‘and he testified to the sons of men concerning the generations of the earth’.

13 Lit. ‘and placed it’.

14 Lit. ‘upon’. Or, perhaps, we should translate ‘and left it as a witness on earth against’.

15 The MSS. read ‘sister's’.

16 Or ‘and they showed him all the power of the sun on the earth and in the heavens’.

17 Or ‘against’.

18 Alternative reading ‘daughters of the earth’ (or ‘of the land’).

19 Alternative reading ‘to’.

20 That is, Enoch was spared in the flood. The text reads ‘And because of him (or ‘it’) he (i.e. God) brought the water of the flood upon all the land of Eden’.

21 Most MSS add ‘of the midday’ (or ‘of the south’).

22 Lit ‘will be hallowed’.

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