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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

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Text Commentary

1

And then shall his kingdom appear throughout all his creation; And then shall the Devil meet his end, And sorrow shall depart with him. 2 Then shall be consecrated 1 Lit. ‘Then shall be filled the hands of’. Cp. Exod. xxviii. 41, xxix. 9; Lev. xxi. 10 . the angel who has been appointed chief, Who will immediately avenge them of their enemies. 3 For the Heavenly One will 〈 arise 〉 from his royal throne, And go forth from his holy dwelling-place With wrath and anger because of his sons. 4 And the earth will tremble: It will be shaken to its farthest bounds; And high mountains will collapse And hills be shaken and fall. 2 Text reads ‘And high mountains will be brought low and shaken and valleys will fall’. 5 And the sun will not give its light; And the horns of the moon will be turned into darkness, And they will be broken, And it will be turned wholly into blood; And the orbit of the stars will be disturbed. 6 And the sea will retire into the abyss, And the fountains of waters will fail, And the rivers dry up. 7 For the Most High will arise, the Eternal God alone, And he will appear to punish the Gentiles, And he will destroy all their idols. 8 Then happy will you be, Israel; And you will trample upon their necks [and the wings of an eagle], 3 The first two lines of this verse are clearly inspired by Deut. xxxiii. 29 as read in the Septuagint and other versions (‘Happy are you Israel,…and you shall trample (lit. ‘go upon’) their neck(s)’). Hence the words in square brackets are likely to be a gloss, presumably added by someone who took the original ‘go upon’ in the sense of ‘mount’ or ‘ride upon’, and had either Exod. xix. 4 or Isa. xl. 31 in mind. For the time allotted them will have run its course. 4 Lit. ‘And they will be ended’ (Lat. et inplebuntur). Cp. Luke xxi. 24 (Lat. donec impleantur tempora nationum). 9 And God will exalt you, And set you in heaven above the stars, 5 Lit. ‘And make you abide in the heaven of the stars’. In the place where he dwells himself. 6 Text ‘In their (masc.) dwelling-place’. 10 And you will look from on high and see your enemies on earth, 7 Charles would read ‘in Gehenna’, supposing that Lat. in terram was a rendering of Gk. en ge, and that the Gk. ge here was a transliteration of Heb. ge (‘valley’), used absolutely for ge-Hinnom as in Jer. ii. 23 (cp. vii. 31, 32 ). And you will recognize them and rejoice, And give thanks and confess your Creator.

11And as for you, Joshua, son of Nun, take heed of what is written in this book. 8 Lit. ‘keep these words and this book’. 12For from my death [, that is my assumption,] 9 According to Charles, an addition by the editor who combined the ‘Assumption’ with the ‘Testament’. until his advent there shall be two hundred and fifty times. 10 i.e. weeks of years. 13And this is the course of these 〈 times 〉, which they will pursue until they are complete. 14,15But I am about to depart to sleep with my fathers. So then, Joshua, son of Nun, Be strong: God has chosen you to be the minister in my place of the same covenant.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘Then shall be filled the hands of’. Cp. Exod. xxviii. 41, xxix. 9; Lev. xxi. 10 .

2 Text reads ‘And high mountains will be brought low and shaken and valleys will fall’.

3 The first two lines of this verse are clearly inspired by Deut. xxxiii. 29 as read in the Septuagint and other versions (‘Happy are you Israel,…and you shall trample (lit. ‘go upon’) their neck(s)’). Hence the words in square brackets are likely to be a gloss, presumably added by someone who took the original ‘go upon’ in the sense of ‘mount’ or ‘ride upon’, and had either Exod. xix. 4 or Isa. xl. 31 in mind.

4 Lit. ‘And they will be ended’ (Lat. et inplebuntur). Cp. Luke xxi. 24 (Lat. donec impleantur tempora nationum).

5 Lit. ‘And make you abide in the heaven of the stars’.

6 Text ‘In their (masc.) dwelling-place’.

7 Charles would read ‘in Gehenna’, supposing that Lat. in terram was a rendering of Gk. en ge, and that the Gk. ge here was a transliteration of Heb. ge (‘valley’), used absolutely for ge-Hinnom as in Jer. ii. 23 (cp. vii. 31, 32 ).

8 Lit. ‘keep these words and this book’.

9 According to Charles, an addition by the editor who combined the ‘Assumption’ with the ‘Testament’.

10 i.e. weeks of years.

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