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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter L

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Text Commentary

1And after this law I made known to you the laws of the sabbath days in the desert of Sinai, which is between Elim and Sinai. 2And I told you about the sabbaths of the land on mount Sinai, and I told you about the jubilee years in the sabbaths of years; but its year have we not told you till you enter the land you are to occupy. 3And the land also shall keep its sabbaths while the sons of Israel 1 Lit. ‘they’. are living in it; and then shall they know the jubilee year. 4And so I have set in order for you the year-weeks, and the years, and the jubilees: there are forty-nine jubilees, one week, and two years, from the days of Adam until to-day; and there are forty years yet to come, 2 Lit. ‘distant’. in which to learn the commandments of the Lord, before they pass over into the land of Canaan and cross the Jordan to the west. 5And the jubilees shall pass by till Israel is cleansed from all guilt of fornication, and uncleanness, and pollution, and sin, and error, and dwells in safety in all the land; and there shall no longer be an adversary 3 Or ‘a Satan’. or any evil power 4 Lit. ‘any evil one’. to afflict them, and the land shall be clean from that day forward for evermore.

6And behold, the commandment about the sabbaths, and all the rules and regulations, 5 Lit. ‘and all the judgements of its laws’. I have written down for you. 7Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord your God: on it you shall do no work, neither you, nor your sons, nor your slaves, nor your slave-girls, nor any of your cattle, nor the alien who is among you. 8And the man that does any work on it shall die: whoever desecrates that day, whoever lies with a woman, or whoever talks on it about anything he intends to do (what, for example, he will buy or sell next day), and whoever draws water on it because he did not remember to draw it on the sixth day, 6 Lit. ‘which he has not prepared for himself on the sixth day’. or whoever lifts any load to carry it out of his tent or out of his house, shall die. 9You shall do no work whatever on the sabbath day: only what you have prepared for yourselves on the sixth day shall you eat and drink, so that you may eat and drink and rest and keep sabbath from all work on that day, and bless the Lord your God who has given you a festal day and a holy day; and this day shall be a day of the holy kingdom for all Israel among their days for ever. 10For great is the honour which the Lord has given Israel, to eat and drink their fill on this festal day, and to rest on it from all the work men have to do, except to burn frankincense and present offerings and sacrifices in the Lord's presence every day and every sabbath. 7 Lit. ‘for days and for sabbaths’. 11This work alone shall be done on the sabbath days in the sanctuary of the Lord your God, that atonement may be made for Israel with offerings continually, day by day, as a reminder, acceptable to the Lord, and that he may receive them always, day by day, just as you have been commanded. 12And any man who does any work on the sabbath days, 8 Lit. ‘on them’. or goes on a journey or tills a field (whether at home or elsewhere), and whoever lights a fire or loads any beast or travels by ship on the sea, and whoever shoots or kills anything or slaughters a beast or bird or takes 9 Or ‘catches’. an animal or a bird or a fish, or 13whoever fasts or makes war on the sabbath – the man who does any of these things on the sabbath shall die, so that the sons of Israel may observe the sabbaths in accordance with the commandments concerning the sabbaths of the land, as it is written on the tablets which he gave into my hands to write out for you the laws of the seasons, and the seasons according to the division of their days.

And with this the account of the division of the days is complete.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘they’.

2 Lit. ‘distant’.

3 Or ‘a Satan’.

4 Lit. ‘any evil one’.

5 Lit. ‘and all the judgements of its laws’.

6 Lit. ‘which he has not prepared for himself on the sixth day’.

7 Lit. ‘for days and for sabbaths’.

8 Lit. ‘on them’.

9 Or ‘catches’.

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