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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XXXVI

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Text Commentary

1And in the sixth year of this week Isaac summoned his two sons, Esau and Jacob; and they came to him, and he said to them, My sons, I am going the way of my fathers, to the eternal house where my fathers are. 2Bury me near my father Abraham, in the double cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite, which Abraham bought as a burial place: bury me there, in the grave that I dug for myself. 3And this command I lay upon you, my sons, that you are just and upright in your dealings on the earth, so that the Lord may bring upon you all that the Lord said he would do to Abraham and his descendants. 4And love one another, my sons, as a man loves his own soul, and let each see what he can to do to help his brother and act together with him on the earth; and let each love the other as his own soul.

5And as for idols, I command you and I warn you to keep them from you and hate them, and love them not; for they are a delusion and a snare 1 Lit. ‘they are full of deception’. to those who worship them and bow down to them. 6Remember the Lord, my sons, the God of Abraham your father, and how I too made him my God and served him in righteousness and joy, that he might multiply you and increase the number of your descendants till they were like the stars of heaven, and that he might establish you on the earth as the plant of righteousness which will not be uprooted for all generations for ever.

7And now I will make you swear a great oath (for there is no oath greater) by the Name, glorious and honoured and great and splendid and wonderful, the Name of him who created the heavens and the earth and all things together – that you will fear him and 8worship him; and that each of you will love his brother in affection and righteousness, and that neither of you will harbour any evil desires against his brother either now or at any future time, so that you may prosper in everything you do and may not be destroyed. 9And if either of you plans any evil against his brother, know now that whoever does plan evil against his brother will fall into his hand and be uprooted from the land of the living, and his progeny will perish from the earth. 2 Lit. ‘from under heaven’. 10But on the day of turmoil and execration and indignation and anger, just as the Lord 3 Lit. ‘he’. burned Sodom with flaming and devouring fire, so will he burn that man's 4 Lit. ‘his’. land and his city and all that is his, and he will be blotted out of the book of the discipline of mortal men, and not be recorded in the book of life, but rather in that which is 5 Or ‘that of those’. appointed for destruction; and he will depart into eternal execration – so that their condemnation may be always renewed in hate and execration and wrath and torment and indignation, and in plagues and disease for ever. 11I tell you this and testify to you, my sons, that judgement will come 6 Lit. ‘according to the judgement that will come’. upon the man who lays plans to injure his brother.

12And on that day he divided all his possessions between the two of them; and he gave the larger part to the elder – the tower and all that was round about it, and everything that had belonged to Abraham at the Well of the Oath. 13And he said, I will give the elder this larger portion. 14And Esau said, I sold Jacob my portion as elder brother and have given it to him: let it therefore be given him: I have no claim on it, 7 Lit. ‘I have not a single word to say regarding it’. for it is his. 15And Isaac, said, May a blessing rest upon you, my sons, and upon your descendants this day; for you have set my mind at rest, and I have no anxiety about the elder's portion, that you will come to blows about it. 16May the Most High God bless the man that does what is right, may he bless him and his descendants for ever. 17And he finished instructing them and blessing them; and they ate and drank together in his presence, and he rejoiced at the harmony between them. And they went out from him and rested that day and slept. 18And Isaac slept on his bed that day rejoicing; and he slept the eternal sleep and died, a hundred and eighty years old. He thus completed twenty-five weeks and five years; and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

19And Esau went to the land of Edom, to the mountains of Seir, and lived there. 20And Jacob lived in the mountains of Hebron, in the tower in the country where his father Abraham had lived; and he worshipped the Lord with all his heart and in accordance with the commandments that had been revealed at the time of his birth. 8 Both the text and the meaning are uncertain here: the Eth. MSS differ among themselves as well as from the Lat. 21And his wife Leah died in the fourth year of the second week of the forty-fifth jubilee; and he buried her in the double cave near Rebecca his mother, on the left of the grave of Sarah his father's mother. 22And all her sons and his sons came to mourn over his wife Leah with him, and to comfort him on her account, because he was making lamentation for her. 23For after her sister Rachel died he loved her all the more, 9 Lit. ‘he loved her exceedingly’. for she was perfect and upright in all her ways and honoured 10 One Eth. MS reads ‘loved’. Jacob; and all the time she lived with him he never heard a harsh word from her mouth, for she was gentle and peaceable and upright and honourable. 24And he remembered everything she had done during her lifetime; and he made a great lamentation for her, for he loved her heart and soul.

Notes:

1 Lit. ‘they are full of deception’.

2 Lit. ‘from under heaven’.

3 Lit. ‘he’.

4 Lit. ‘his’.

5 Or ‘that of those’.

6 Lit. ‘according to the judgement that will come’.

7 Lit. ‘I have not a single word to say regarding it’.

8 Both the text and the meaning are uncertain here: the Eth. MSS differ among themselves as well as from the Lat.

9 Lit. ‘he loved her exceedingly’.

10 One Eth. MS reads ‘loved’.

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