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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XX

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Text Commentary

1And in the forty-second jubilee, in the first year of the seventh 1 Probably ‘sixth’ should be read. week, Abraham called Ishmael and his twelve sons, and Isaac and his two sons, and the six sons of Keturah and their sons. 2And he commanded them to observe the way of the Lord, to act righteously and love each his neighbour, and to behave like this to all men, 2 Text ‘in every war’. and to live in relation to them so that each acted justly and righteously on earth. 3 And he commanded them to circumcise their sons in accordance with the covenant which the Lord 3 Lit. ‘he’. had made with them, and not deviate either to the right or to the left from any of the paths which the Lord had commanded us; and that we should keep ourselves from all fornication and uncleanness, and let them have no place among us. 4 Lit. ‘and renounce from among us all fornication and uncleanness’. 4And if any woman or girl among you commits fornication, he said, burn her with fire: see that no woman commits fornication with her eyes or her heart; and see that no man takes a wife 5 Lit. ‘…with fire, and let them (fem.) not commit fornication with their eyes and their heart; and let them (masc.) not take wives’. from the women of Canaan – for the stock of Canaan will be uprooted from the land.

5And he told them about the judgement of the giants and the judgement of the Sodomites, how they had been judged because of their wickedness, and had died because of their fornication and uncleanness and mutual corruption through fornication. 6And do you keep yourselves, he said, from all fornication and uncleanness, and from all pollution of sin, lest you make our name a curse and your whole life a terror, 6 So Eth.: Lat. ‘hissing’. and cause all your sons to be destroyed by the sword, and you yourselves become accursed like Sodom and all your remnant as the sons of Gomorrah. 7I implore you, 7 Lit. ‘I bear witness before you’. my sons, love the God of heaven, and hold fast to all his commandments; and do not go after their idols and after their uncleannesses. 8And do not make gods for yourselves, either cast in metal or carved, for they are empty things, and there is no spirit in them whatever: they are the work of men's hands, and all who trust in them, trust in nothing at all. 9Do not serve them or worship them, but serve the Most High God and worship him continually; and hope for his favour 8 Lit. ‘countenance’. always, and do what is upright 9 So Eth.: Lat. ‘true’. and righteous in his sight, that he may have pleasure in you 10 So Eth.: Lat. ‘that he may guide you’. and grant you his mercy, and send rain upon you morning and evening, and bless all your works which you have done upon the earth, and bless your bread and your water, and bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your land, and your herds of cattle and your flocks of sheep. 10And you will be a blessing on the earth, and all the nations of the earth will have pleasure in you 11 So Eth.: Lat. ‘desire you’. and will bless your sons in my name, that they may be blessed even as I am.

11And he gave gifts to Ishmael and his sons and to the sons of Keturah, and he sent them away from his son Isaac; and he gave his son Isaac everything. 12And Ishmael and his sons, and the sons of Keturah and their sons, went together and settled between Paran and the borders of Babylon, 12 Lit. ‘from Faramon to the entering in of Babylon’. in all the land that is to the east, facing the desert. 13And these mingled with each other, and they were called Arabs and Ishmaelites. 13 So Eth: Lat. ‘…each other, and their name stuck to the Arabs, and the Ishmaelites survive till to-day’.

Notes:

1 Probably ‘sixth’ should be read.

2 Text ‘in every war’.

3 Lit. ‘he’.

4 Lit. ‘and renounce from among us all fornication and uncleanness’.

5 Lit. ‘…with fire, and let them (fem.) not commit fornication with their eyes and their heart; and let them (masc.) not take wives’.

6 So Eth.: Lat. ‘hissing’.

7 Lit. ‘I bear witness before you’.

8 Lit. ‘countenance’.

9 So Eth.: Lat. ‘true’.

10 So Eth.: Lat. ‘that he may guide you’.

11 So Eth.: Lat. ‘desire you’.

12 Lit. ‘from Faramon to the entering in of Babylon’.

13 So Eth: Lat. ‘…each other, and their name stuck to the Arabs, and the Ishmaelites survive till to-day’.

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