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The Apocryphal Old Testament Collection of the most important non-canonical Old Testament books designed for general use.

Chapter XVIII

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Text Commentary

1And God said to him, Abraham, Abraham; 1 Alternative reading ‘said to Abraham, Abraham’. and he said, Behold, here I am. 2And he said, Take Isaac your beloved son, whom you love, and go into the highlands, and offer him on one of the hills I will show you there. 3And he got up in the morning at dawn, and he saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and his son Isaac, and he split the wood for the whole-offering; and he came near the place on the third day and saw it in the distance. 2 Lit. ‘And he went to the place on the third day, and he saw the place afar off’. 4And he came to a well of water and said to his young men, Stay here with the ass, and the child and I will go further, and when we have worshipped we will come back to you. 5And he took the wood for the whole-offering and put it on his son Isaac's shoulders, and he carried the fire and the knife himself; and both of them went on together to the place appointed. 3 Lit. ‘to that place’. 6And Isaac said to his father, Father. And he said, Here I am my son. And he said to him, Behold, here are the fire and the knife and the wood; but where is the sheep for the whole-offering, father? 7And he said, God will provide a sheep for a whole-offering himself, my son. And he approached the place of the mount of God. 8And he built an altar and placed the wood on the altar, and he bound his son Isaac and placed him on top of the wood on the altar, and he stretched out for the knife to kill his son Isaac. 9And I was standing in the Lord's presence (and the prince Mastema was there also), 4 Lit. ‘And I stood before him and before the prince Mastema’. and the Lord said, Tell him not to lay his hand 5 Alternative reading ‘Tell him not to hurry, and not to raise the knife, and not to lay his hand’. on the child, nor to do anything to him, for now I know that he is a man who fears the Lord. 10And I called to him from heaven and said to him, Abraham, Abraham; and he was terrified and said, Behold, here I am. 11And I said to him, Lay no hand on the child, and do nothing to him; for now I know 6 So Eth.: Lat. ‘I have clearly shown’ (The Lat. is not extant in verse 9: cp. also verse 16). that you are a man who fears the Lord and have not withheld from me your son, your first-born son. And the prince Mastema was put to shame. 12And Abraham looked up, and behold, a 7 Lit. ‘one’. ram caught in a thicket 8 Emended on the basis of the Heb. of Gen. xxii. 13 . All Eth. MSS read ‘and he came’: Lat. has no equivalent. by its horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered it as a whole-offering instead of his son. 13And Abraham called that place, The Lord has seen (hence the saying, On the mount the Lord has seen 9 Eth. simply ‘The Lord has seen’ (omitting ‘On the mount’): Lat. ‘On the mount the Lord has been seen’. ) – that is mount Sion.

14And the Lord called Abraham by name from heaven a second time, and he told us 10 Lit. ‘as he caused us to appear’. to speak to him in the Lord's name. 15And he said, By myself I swear, says the Lord, Because you have carried out this command and have not withheld from me your son, your own dear son, 11 Alternative reading ‘your son, your first-born son, whom you love’: Lat. ‘your son, your only son, whom you love’. I will bless you abundantly, and I will greatly multiply your descendants, and I will make them as numerous as the stars of heaven and as the grains of sand on the seashore; and your descendants shall take possession of their enemies' cities. 16And in your descendants shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; and this because you have obeyed me, and I have made known 12 So Eth.: Lat. ‘clearly shown’. to all your faithfulness in doing everything I told you. Go in peace.

17And Abraham went back to his young men, and they got up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham stayed there, by the Well of the Oath. 18And he celebrated this festival with joy, every year for seven days; and he called it the Lord's festival of 13 Lit. ‘according to’. the seven days, during which he went and returned in peace. 19And that is why it was ordained and written on the heavenly tablets about Israel and his descendants, that they should observe this festival for seven days with festal joy.

Notes:

1 Alternative reading ‘said to Abraham, Abraham’.

2 Lit. ‘And he went to the place on the third day, and he saw the place afar off’.

3 Lit. ‘to that place’.

4 Lit. ‘And I stood before him and before the prince Mastema’.

5 Alternative reading ‘Tell him not to hurry, and not to raise the knife, and not to lay his hand’.

6 So Eth.: Lat. ‘I have clearly shown’ (The Lat. is not extant in verse 9: cp. also verse 16).

7 Lit. ‘one’.

8 Emended on the basis of the Heb. of Gen. xxii. 13 . All Eth. MSS read ‘and he came’: Lat. has no equivalent.

9 Eth. simply ‘The Lord has seen’ (omitting ‘On the mount’): Lat. ‘On the mount the Lord has been seen’.

10 Lit. ‘as he caused us to appear’.

11 Alternative reading ‘your son, your first-born son, whom you love’: Lat. ‘your son, your only son, whom you love’.

12 So Eth.: Lat. ‘clearly shown’.

13 Lit. ‘according to’.

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