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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 22

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37 a This constitutes chap. 22.1 in some editions. When a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox, and four sheep for the sheep.—1If the thief is seized while tunneling, b I.e., under a wall for housebreaking. and he is beaten to death, there is no bloodguilt in his case. 2If the sun has risen on him, there is bloodguilt in that case.—He c I.e., the thief of 21.37 . must make restitution; if he lacks the means, he shall be sold for his theft. 3But if what he stole—whether ox or ass or sheep—is found alive in his possession, he shall pay double.

4When a man lets his livestock loose to graze in another's land, and so allows a field or a vineyard to be grazed bare, he must make restitution for the impairment a Lit. “excellence.” of that field or vineyard.

5When a fire is started and spreads to thorns, so that stacked, standing, or growing b Lit. “field.” grain is consumed, he who started the fire must make restitution.

6When a man gives money or goods to another for safekeeping, and they are stolen from the man's house—if the thief is caught, he shall pay double; 7if the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall depose before God c See note on 21.6 . that he has not laid hands on the other's property. 8In all charges of misappropriation—pertaining to an ox, an ass, a sheep, a garment, or any other loss, whereof one party alleges, “This is it”—the case of both parties shall come before God: he whom God declares guilty shall pay double to the other.

9When a man gives to another an ass, an ox, a sheep or any other animal to guard, and it dies or is injured or is carried off, with no witness about, 10an oath before the LORD shall decide between the two of them that the one has not laid hands on the property of the other; the owner must acquiesce, and no restitution shall be made. 11But if [the animal] was stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner. 12If it was torn by beasts, he shall bring it as evidence; he need not replace what has been torn by beasts.

13When a man borrows [an animal] from another and it dies or is injured, its owner not being with it, he must make restitution. 14If its owner was with it, no restitution need be made; but if it was hired, he is entitled to the hire.

15If a man seduces a virgin for whom the bride‐price has not been paid, d So that she is unmarried; cf. Deut. 20.7 ; 22.23 ff. and lies with her, he must make her hiswife by payment of a bride‐price. 16If her father refuses to give her to him, he must still weigh out silver in accordance with the bride‐price for virgins.

17You shall not tolerate a Lit. “let live.” a sorceress.

18Whoever lies with a beast shall be put to death.

19Whoever sacrifices to a god other than the LORD alone shall be proscribed. b See Lev. 27.29 .

20You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.

21You shall not ill‐treat any widow or orphan. 22If you do mistreat them, I will heed their outcry as soon as they cry out to Me, 23and My anger shall blaze forth and I will put you to the sword, and your own wives shall become widows and your children orphans.

24If you lend money to My people, to the poor among you, do not act toward them as a creditor; exact no interest from them. 25If you take your neighbor's garment in pledge, you must return it to him before the sun sets; 26it is his only clothing, the sole covering for his skin. In what else shall he sleep? Therefore, if he cries out to Me, I will pay heed, for I am compassionate.

27You shall not revile God, nor put a curse upon a chieftain among your people.

28You shall not c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. put off the skimming of the first yield of your vats. ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. You shall give Me the first‐born among your sons. 29You shall do the same with your cattle and your flocks: seven days it d I.e., the male first‐born. shall remain with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

30You shall be holy people to Me: you must not eat flesh torn by beasts in the field; you shall cast it to the dogs.

Notes:

a This constitutes chap. 22.1 in some editions.

b I.e., under a wall for housebreaking.

c I.e., the thief of 21.37 .

a Lit. “excellence.”

b Lit. “field.”

c See note on 21.6 .

d So that she is unmarried; cf. Deut. 20.7 ; 22.23 ff.

a Lit. “let live.”

b See Lev. 27.29 .

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d I.e., the male first‐born.

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