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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Authorship

THESE BOOKS COME FROM widely diverse time periods. Many show clear linguistic signs of being postexilic; for example, there is clear late Aramaic influence on Ecclesiastes, and Greek influence on Daniel (see the introductions to these books). In fact, historical references in Daniel would place its composition in the 2nd century BCE. Lamentations is clearly from the exilic period (586–538) or very shortly thereafter. Many attributed Ruth to the preexilic period, but it is increasingly being seen nowadays as a postexilic work. Psalms is a collection, containing some psalms which are considered among the earliest of biblical literature (e.g., Ps. 68 ), and others that are dated on the basis of language or content to the exilic or postexilic periods (Pss. 135; 145 ). Rabbinic literature attributes many of the works now found in Kethuvim to traditional figures; thus Jeremiah is considered the author of Lamentations, and Solomon is considered the author of Ecclesiastes. In the case of Song of Songs, an attribution of Solomonic authorship was even secondarily added as the first verse of the composition. These attributions, however, are not historically accurate; rather, they reflect a late biblical and early rabbinic desire to enhance these books by connecting them to figures who are central in tradition. Linguistic and other internal evidence, which is investigated in the introductions to each of the books in Kethuvim, is a more reliable way of dating these books.

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