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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 52

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1 d for this chapter cf. chap. 39 above and 2 Kings 24–25 . Zedekiah was twenty‐one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for eleven years. His mother's name was Hamutal, daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 2He did what was displeasing to the LORD, just as Jehoiakim had done. 3Indeed, Jerusalem and Judah e‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. were a cause of anger for the LORD, so that ‐e Meaning of Heb. uncertain. He cast them out of His presence.

Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. 4And in the ninth year of his f I.e., Zedekiah's. reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, King Nebuchadrezzar moved against Jerusalem with his whole army. They besieged it and built towers against it all around. 5The city continued in a state of siege until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. 6By the ninthday of the fourth month, the famine had become acute in the city; there was no food left for the common people.

7Then [the wall of] the city was breached. All the soldiers fled; they left the city by night through the gate between the double walls, which is near the king's garden—the Chaldeans were all around the city—and they set out for the Arabah. a See note at 39.4 . 8But the Chaldean troops pursued the king, and they overtook Zedekiah in the steppes of Jericho, as his entire force left him and scattered. 9They captured the king and brought him before the king of Babylon at Riblah, in the region of Hamath; and he put him on trial. 10The king of Babylon had Zedekiah's sons slaughtered before his eyes; he also had all the officials of Judah slaughtered at Riblah. 11Then the eyes of Zedekiah were put out, and he was chained in bronze fetters. The king of Babylon brought him to Babylon and put him in prison, [where he remained] to the day of his death.

12On the tenth day of the fifth month—that was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadrezzar, the king of Babylon—Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, came b‐ Lit. “he stood before.” to represent ‐b Lit. “he stood before.” the king of Babylon in Jerusalem. 13He burned the House of the LORD, the king's palace, and all the houses of Jerusalem; he burned down the house of c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. every notable person. ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 14The entire Chaldean force that was with the chief of the guards tore down all the walls of Jerusalem on every side. 15The remnant of the people left in the city, the defectors who had gone over to the king of Babylon, and what remained of the craftsmen d Apparently after the deportation of 2 Kings 24.14 ; meaning of Heb. uncertain. were taken into exile by Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards. But some of the poorest elements of the population—16some of the poorest in the land—were left by Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, to be vine‐dressers and field hands.

17The Chaldeans broke up the bronze columns of the House of the LORD, the stands, and the bronze tank that was in the House of the LORD; and they carried all the bronze away to Babylon. 18They also took the pails, scrapers, snuffers, sprinkling bowls, ladles, and all the other bronze vessels used in the service. 19The chief of the guards took whatever was of gold and whatever was of silver: basins, fire pans, sprinkling bowls, pails, lampstands, ladles, and jars. 20The two columns, the one tank and the twelve bronze oxen which supported it, and the stands, which King Solomon had provided for the House of the LORD—all these objects contained bronze beyondweighing. 21As for the columns, each was eighteen cubits high and twelve cubits in circumference; it was hollow, and [the metal] was four fingers thick. 22It had a bronze capital above it; the height of each capital was five cubits, and there was a meshwork [decorated] with pomegranates about the capital, all made of bronze; and so for the second column, also with pomegranates. 23There were ninety‐six pomegranates a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. facing outward; ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. all the pomegranates around the meshwork amounted to one hundred.

24The chief of the guards also took Seraiah the chief priest and Zephaniah, the deputy priest, and the three guardians of the threshold. 25And from the city he took a eunuch who was in command of the soldiers; seven royal privy councilors, who were present in the city; the scribe of the army commander, who was in charge of mustering the people of the land; and sixty of the common people who were inside the city. 26Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 27The king of Babylon had them struck down and put to death at Riblah, in the region of Hamath.

Thus Judah was exiled from its land. 28This is the number of those whom Nebuchadrezzar exiled in the seventh year: 3,023 Judeans. 29In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar, 832 persons [were exiled] from Jerusalem. 30And in the twenty‐third year of Nebuchadrezzar, Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, exiled 745 Judeans. The total amounted to 4,600 persons.

31In the thirty‐seventh year of the exile of King Jehoiachin of Judah, on the twenty‐fifth day of the twelfth month, King Evil‐merodach of Babylon, in the year he became king, b‐ Lit. “raised the head of.” took note of ‐b Lit. “raised the head of.” King Jehoiachin of Judah and released him from prison. 32He spoke kindly to him, and gave him a throne above those of other kings who were with him in Babylon. 33He removed his prison garments and [Jehoiachin] ate regularly in his presence the rest of his life. 34A regular allotment of food was given him by order of the king of Babylon, an allotment for each day, to the day of his death—all the days of his life.

Notes:

d for this chapter cf. chap. 39 above and 2 Kings 24–25 .

e‐e Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

f I.e., Zedekiah's.

a See note at 39.4 .

b‐b Lit. “he stood before.”

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d Apparently after the deportation of 2 Kings 24.14 ; meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b‐b Lit. “raised the head of.”

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