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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 49

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Concerning the Ammonites.

1Thus said the LORD: Has Israel no sons, Has he no heir? Then why has Milcom d The name of the Ammonite deity; vocalized Malcam here and in v. 3 . dispossessed Gad, And why have his people settled in Gad's e Heb. “his.” towns? 2Assuredly, days are coming

—declares the LORD—

When I will sound the alarm of war Against Rabbah of the Ammonites; It shall become a desolate mound, And its villages shall be set on fire. And Israel shall dispossess Those who dispossessed him—said the LORD. 3Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is ravaged! Cry out, O daughters of Rabbah! Gird on sackcloth, lament, a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. And run to and fro in the sheepfolds. ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. For Milcom shall go into exile, Together with his priests and attendants. 4 b‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain; for “strength” cf. Akkadian emuqu. Why do you glory in strength, Your strength is drained, ‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain; for “strength” cf. Akkadian emuqu. O rebellious daughter, You who relied on your treasures, [Who said:] Who dares attack me? 5I am bringing terror upon you

—declares the Lord GOD of Hosts—

From all those around you. Every one of you shall be driven c‐ Lit. “each man straight ahead.” in every direction, ‐c Lit. “each man straight ahead.” And none shall gather in the fugitives. 6But afterward I will restore the fortunes of the Ammonites—declares the LORD. 7Concerning Edom. Thus said the LORD of Hosts: Is there no more wisdom in Teman? Has counsel vanished from the prudent? Has their wisdom gone stale? 8Flee, turn away, sit down low, O inhabitants of Dedan, For I am bringing Esau's doom upon him, The time when I deal with him. 9 d‐ Obad. 1.5 reads: “If thieves were to come to you, / Marauders by night, / They would steal no more than they needed. / If vintagers came to you, / They would surely leave some gleanings.” If vintagers were to come upon you, Would they leave no gleanings? Even thieves in the night Would destroy only for their needs! ‐d Obad. 1.5 reads: “If thieves were to come to you, / Marauders by night, / They would steal no more than they needed. / If vintagers came to you, / They would surely leave some gleanings.” 10But it is I who have bared Esau, Have exposed his place of concealment; He cannot hide. His offspring is ravaged, His kin and his neighbors— a‐ Some Septuagint mss. read “And there is none to say.” He is no more. ‐a Some Septuagint mss. read “And there is none to say.” 11“Leave your orphans with me, I will rear them; Let your widows rely on me!”

12For thus said the LORD: If they who rightly should not drink of the cup must drink it, are you the one to go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished: you will have to drink! 13For by Myself I swear—declares the LORD—Bozrah shall become a desolation, a mockery, a ruin, and a curse; b Cf. note at 24.9 and 42.18 . and all its towns shall be ruins for all time.

14I have received tidings from the LORD, And an envoy is sent out among the nations: Assemble, and move against her, And rise up for war! 15For I will make you least among nations, Most despised among men. 16 c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Your horrible nature, ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Your arrogant heart has seduced you, You who dwell in clefts of the rock, Who occupy the height of the hill! Should you nest as high as the eagle, From there I will pull you down

—declares the LORD.

17And Edom shall be a cause of appallment; whoever passes by will be appalled and will hiss d Cf. note at 18.16 . at all its wounds. 18It shall be like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and their neighbors—said the LORD: no man shall live there, no human shall sojourn there. 19It shall be as when a lion comes up out of the jungle of the Jordan against a secure pasture: in a moment e‐ Emendation yields “he can harry them [i.e., the sheep] out of it; and what champion could one place in charge of them?” I can harry him out of it and appoint over it anyone I choose. ‐e Emendation yields “he can harry them [i.e., the sheep] out of it; and what champion could one place in charge of them?” Then who is like Me? Who can summon Me? Who is the shepherd that can stand up against Me? 20Hear, then, the plan which the LORD has devised against Edom, and what He has purposed against the inhabitants of Teman:

Surely the shepherd boys Shall drag them away; Surely the pasture shall be Aghast because of them. 21At the sound of their downfall The earth shall shake; The sound of screaming Shall be heard at the Sea of Reeds. 22See, like an eagle he flies up, He soars and spreads his wings against Bozrah; And the heart of Edom's warriors in that day Shall be like the heart of a woman in travail. 23Concerning Damascus. Hamath and Arpad are shamed, For they have heard bad news. They shake with anxiety, Like a So a few mss. Most mss. and editions read “In.” the sea which cannot rest. 24Damascus has grown weak, She has turned around to flee; Trembling has seized her, Pain and anguish have taken hold of her, Like a woman in childbirth. 25 b‐ Emendation yields “How has the glorious city been deserted”; so Vulgate. How has the glorious city not been deserted, ‐b Emendation yields “How has the glorious city been deserted”; so Vulgate. The citadel of my joy! 26Assuredly, her young men shall lie fallen in her squares. And all her warriors shall be stilled in that day

—declares the LORD of Hosts.

27I will set fire to the wall of Damascus, And it shall consume the fortresses of Ben‐hadad. 28Concerning Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor, which King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon conquered. Thus said the LORD: Arise, march against Kedar, And ravage the Kedemites! 29They will take away their tents and their flocks, Their tent cloths and all their gear; They shall carry off their camels, And shall proclaim against them: Terror all around! 30Flee, wander far, Sit down low, O inhabitants of Hazor

—says the LORD.

For King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon Has devised a plan against you And formed a purpose against you: 31Rise up, attack a tranquil nation That dwells secure

—says the LORD—

That has no barred gates, That dwells alone. 32Their camels shall become booty, And their abundant flocks a spoil; And I will scatter to every quarter Those who have their hair clipped; And from every direction I will bring Disaster upon them

—says the LORD.

33Hazor shall become a lair of jackals, A desolation for all time. No man shall live there, No human shall sojourn there.

34The word of the LORD that came to the prophet Jeremiah concerning Elam, at the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah of Judah:

35Thus said the LORD of Hosts: I am going to break the bow of Elam, the mainstay of their strength. 36And I shall bring four winds against Elam from the four quarters of heaven, and scatter them to all those winds. There shall not be a nation to which the fugitives from Elam do not come. 37And I will break Elam before their enemies, before those who seek their lives; and I will bring disaster upon them, My flaming wrath—declares the LORD. And I will dispatch the sword after them until I have consumed them.

38And I will set My throne in Elam, And wipe out from there king and officials

—says the LORD.

39But in the days to come I will restore the fortunes of Elam—declares the LORD.

Notes:

d The name of the Ammonite deity; vocalized Malcam here and in v. 3 .

e Heb. “his.”

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain; for “strength” cf. Akkadian emuqu.

c‐c Lit. “each man straight ahead.”

d‐d Obad. 1.5 reads: “If thieves were to come to you, / Marauders by night, / They would steal no more than they needed. / If vintagers came to you, / They would surely leave some gleanings.”

a‐a Some Septuagint mss. read “And there is none to say.”

b Cf. note at 24.9 and 42.18 .

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d Cf. note at 18.16 .

e‐e Emendation yields “he can harry them [i.e., the sheep] out of it; and what champion could one place in charge of them?”

a So a few mss. Most mss. and editions read “In.”

b‐b Emendation yields “How has the glorious city been deserted”; so Vulgate.

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