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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 46

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The word of the LORD to the prophet Jeremiah concerning the nations.

1 2Concerning Egypt, about the army of Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, which was at the river Euphrates near Carchemish, and which was defeated by King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon, in the fourth year of King Jehoiakim son of Josiah of Judah.

3Get ready buckler and shield, And move forward to battle! 4Harness the horses; Mount, you horsemen! Fall in line, helmets on! Burnish the lances, Don your armor! 5Why do I see them dismayed,

Yielding ground? Their fighters are crushed, They flee in haste And do not turn back— Terror all around!

—declares the LORD.

6 a‐ Lit. “Let not the swift get away, / Let not the warrior escape.” The swift cannot get away, The warrior cannot escape. ‐a Lit. “Let not the swift get away, / Let not the warrior escape.” In the north, by the river Euphrates, They stagger and fall. 7Who is this that rises like the Nile, Like streams whose waters surge? 8It is Egypt that rises like the Nile, Like streams whose waters surge, That said, “I will rise, I will cover the earth, I will wipe out towns And those who dwell in them. 9Advance, O horses, Dash madly, O chariots! Let the warriors go forth, Cush and Put, that grasp the shield, And the Ludim who grasp and draw the bow!”

10But that day shall be for the Lord GOD of Hosts a day when He exacts retribution from His foes. The sword shall devour; it shall be sated and drunk with their blood. For the Lord GOD of Hosts is preparing a sacrifice in the northland, by the river Euphrates.

11Go up to Gilead and get balm, Fair Maiden Egypt. In vain do you seek many remedies, There is no healing for you. 12Nations have heard your shame; The earth resounds with your screams. For warrior stumbles against warrior; The two fall down together.

13The word which the LORD spoke to the prophet Jeremiah about the coming of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon to attack the land of Egypt: 14Declare in Egypt, proclaim in Migdol, Proclaim in Noph and Tahpanhes! Say: Take your posts and stand ready, For the sword has devoured all around you! 15Why are your stalwarts swept away? They did not stand firm, For the LORD thrust them down; 16He made many stumble, They fell over one another. They said: “Up! let us return to our people, To the land of our birth, Because of the deadly a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. sword.” 17There they called Pharaoh king of Egypt: b‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. “Braggart who let the hour go by.” ‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 18As I live—declares the King, Whose name is LORD of Hosts— b‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. As surely as Tabor is among the mountains And Carmel is by the sea, So shall this come to pass. ‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 19Equip yourself for exile, Fair Egypt, you who dwell secure! For Noph shall become a waste, Desolate, without inhabitants. 20Egypt is a handsome heifer— A gadfly c Or “butcher”; meaning of Heb. uncertain. from the north d‐ Many mss. read “will come upon her.” is coming, coming! ‐d Many mss. read “will come upon her.” 21The mercenaries, too, in her midst Are like stall‐fed calves; They too shall turn tail, Flee as one, and make no stand. Their day of disaster is upon them, The hour of their doom. 22 b‐ 1QIsa reads “And the valleys shall be cleft, / And all the host of heaven shall wither.” She shall rustle away like a snake ‐b 1QIsa reads “And the valleys shall be cleft, / And all the host of heaven shall wither.” As they come marching in force; They shall come against her with axes, Like hewers of wood. 23They shall cut down her forest

—declares the LORD—

Though it cannot be measured; For they are more numerous than locusts, And cannot be counted. 24Fair Egypt shall be shamed, Handed over to the people of the north. 25The LORD of Hosts, the God of Israel, has said: I will inflict punishment on Amon e Tutelary deity of the city No (Thebes); cf. Nah. 3.8 . of No and on Pharaoh—on

Egypt, her gods, and her kings—on Pharaoh and all who rely on him. 26I will deliver them into the hands of those who seek to kill them, into the hands of King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon and into the hands of his subjects. But afterward she shall be inhabited again as in former days, declares the LORD.

27But you, Have no fear, My servant Jacob, Be not dismayed, O Israel! I will deliver you from far away, Your folk from their land of captivity; And Jacob again shall have calm And quiet, with none to trouble him. 28But you, have no fear, My servant Jacob

—declares the LORD—

For I am with you. I will make an end of all the nations Among which I have banished you, But I will not make an end of you! I will not leave you unpunished, But I will chastise you in measure.

Notes:

d‐d 1QIsa reads “And the valleys shall be cleft, / And all the host of heaven shall wither.”

a‐a Lit. “Let not the swift get away, / Let not the warrior escape.”

a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b‐b Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

c Or “butcher”; meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d‐d Many mss. read “will come upon her.”

e Tutelary deity of the city No (Thebes); cf. Nah. 3.8 .

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