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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 53

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Text Commentary

1“Who can believe what we have heard? Upon whom has c‐ I.e., the vindication which the arm of the Lord effects. the arm of the LORD ‐c I.e., the vindication which the arm of the Lord effects. been revealed? 2For he has grown, by His favor, like a tree crown, Like a tree trunk out of arid ground. He had no form or beauty, that we should look at him: No charm, that we should find him pleasing. 3He was despised, d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. shunned by men, ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. A man of suffering, familiar with disease. e‐ I.e., as a leper; cf. Lev. 13.45 ff. As one who hid his face from us, ‐e I.e., as a leper; cf. Lev. 13.45 ff. He was despised, we held him of no account. 4Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured. We accounted him plagued, Smitten and afflicted by God; 5But he was wounded because of our sins, Crushed because of our iniquities. He bore the chastisement that made us whole, And by his bruises we were healed. 6We all went astray like sheep, Each going his own way; And the LORD visited upon him The guilt of all of us.” 7He was maltreated, yet he was submissive, He did not open his mouth; Like a sheep being led to slaughter, Like a ewe, dumb before those who shear her, He did not open his mouth. 8By oppressive judgment he was taken away, a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Who could describe his abode? ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. For he was cut off from the land of the living Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment. 9And his grave was set among the wicked, b‐ Emendation yields “And his tomb with evildoers.” And with the rich, in his death ‐b Emendation yields “And his tomb with evildoers.” Though he had done no injustice And had spoken no falsehood. 10But the LORD chose to crush him a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. by disease, That, if he made himself an offering for guilt, ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. He might see offspring c Emendation yields “His arm,” i.e., His vindication; cf. v. 1 with note. and have long life, And that through him the LORD's purpose might prosper. 11Out of his anguish he shall see it; d I.e., the arm of the Lord; see preceding note. He shall enjoy it to the full through his devotion. e for this sense of da‘ath see 11.2, 9 . “My righteous servant makes the many righteous, It is their punishment that he bears; 12Assuredly, I will give him the many as his portion, He shall receive the multitude as his spoil. For he exposed himself to death And was numbered among the sinners, Whereas he bore the guilt of the many And made intercession for sinners.”

Notes:

c I.e., the vindication which the arm of the Lord effects.

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

e‐e I.e., as a leper; cf. Lev. 13.45 ff.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b‐b Emendation yields “And his tomb with evildoers.”

c Emendation yields “His arm,” i.e., His vindication; cf. v. 1 with note.

d I.e., the arm of the Lord; see preceding note.

e for this sense of da‘ath see 11.2, 9 .

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