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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 34

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1Approach, O nations, and listen, Give heed, O peoples! Let the earth and those in it hear; The world, and what it brings forth. 2For the LORD is angry at all the nations, Furious at all their host; He has doomed them, consigned them to slaughter. 3Their slain shall be left lying, And the stench of their corpses shall mount; And the hills shall be drenched with their blood, 4 d‐ 1QIsa reads “And the valleys shall be cleft, / And all the host of heaven shall wither.” All the host of heaven shall molder. ‐d 1QIsa reads “And the valleys shall be cleft, / And all the host of heaven shall wither.” The heavens shall be rolled up like a scroll, And all their host shall wither Like a leaf withering on the vine, Or shriveled fruit on a fig tree. 5For My sword shall a‐ 1QIsa reads “be seen”; cf. Targum. be drunk ‐a 1QIsa reads “be seen”; cf. Targum. in the sky; Lo, it shall come down upon Edom, Upon the people I have doomed, To wreak judgment. 6The LORD has a sword; it is sated with blood, It is gorged with fat— The blood of lambs and he‐goats, The kidney fat of rams. For the LORD holds a sacrifice in Bozrah, A great slaughter in the land of Edom. 7Wild oxen shall fall b‐ Emendation yields “with fatted calves.” with them, ‐b Emendation yields “with fatted calves.” Young bulls with mighty steers; And their land shall be drunk with blood, Their soil shall be saturated with fat. 8For it is the LORD's day of retribution, The year of vindication for Zion's cause. 9Its c I.e., Edom's. streams shall be turned to pitch And its soil to sulfur. Its land shall become burning pitch, 10Night and day it shall never go out; Its smoke shall rise for all time. Through the ages it shall lie in ruins; Through the aeons none shall traverse it. 11 d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Jackdaws and owls ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. shall possess it; Great owls and ravens shall dwell there. He shall measure it with a line of chaos And with weights of emptiness. e I.e., He shall plan chaos and emptiness for it; cf. 28.17; Lam. 2.8. 12 d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. It shall be called, “No kingdom is there,” ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Its nobles and all its lords shall be nothing. 13Thorns shall grow up in its palaces, Nettles and briers in its strongholds. It shall be a home of jackals, An abode of ostriches. 14 f Most of the creatures in vv. 14–15 cannot be identified with certainty. Wildcats shall meet hyenas, Goat‐demons shall greet each other; There too the lilith g A kind of demon. shall repose And find herself a resting place. 15There the arrow‐snake shall nest and lay eggs, And shall brood and hatch in its shade. There too the buzzards shall gather With one another. 16Search and read it in the scroll of the LORD: Not one of these shall be absent, Not one shall miss its fellow. For His a Heb. “My.” mouth has spoken, It is His spirit that has assembled them, 17And it is He who apportioned it to them by lot, Whose hand divided it for them with the line. They shall possess it for all time, They shall dwell there through the ages.

Notes:

d‐d 1QIsa reads “And the valleys shall be cleft, / And all the host of heaven shall wither.”

a‐a 1QIsa reads “be seen”; cf. Targum.

b‐b Emendation yields “with fatted calves.”

c I.e., Edom's.

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

e I.e., He shall plan chaos and emptiness for it; cf. 28.17; Lam. 2.8.

f Most of the creatures in vv. 14–15 cannot be identified with certainty.

g A kind of demon.

a Heb. “My.”

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