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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 30

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Oh, disloyal sons!

—declares the LORD—

1Making plans Against My wishes, Weaving schemes Against My will, Thereby piling Guilt on guilt— 2Who set out to go down to Egypt Without asking Me, To seek refuge with Pharaoh, To seek shelter under the protection of Egypt.

3The refuge with Pharaoh shall result in your shame; The shelter under Egypt's protection, in your chagrin. 4Though his officers are present in Zoan, a Or “Tanis.” And his messengers b Emendation yields “kings”; cf. 19.2 with note. reach as far as Hanes, 5They all shall come to shame Because of a people that does not avail them, That is of no help or avail, But [brings] only chagrin and disgrace.

6 c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain; emendation yields “Through the wasteland of the Negeb / Through a… The “Beasts of the Negeb” Pronouncement.

Through a ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain; emendation yields “Through the wasteland of the Negeb / Through a… land of distress and hardship, Of lion and roaring d Meaning of Heb. uncertain. king℀beast, Of viper and flying seraph, e See note on 14.29. They convey their wealth on the backs of asses, Their treasures on camels' humps, To a people of no avail. 7For the help of Egypt Shall be vain and empty. Truly, I call this, f‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “Disgrace and chagrin”; cf. v. 5. “They are a threat that has ceased.” ‐f Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “Disgrace and chagrin”; cf. v. 5. 8Now, Go, write it down on a tablet And inscribe it in a record, That it may be with them for future days, A witness a Understanding ‘ad, with Targum, as a variant of ‘ed. forever. 9For it is a rebellious people, Faithless children, Children who refused to heed The instruction of the LORD; 10Who said to the seers, “Do not see,” To the prophets, “Do not prophesy truth to us; Speak to us falsehoods, Prophesy delusions. 11Leave the way! Get off the path! Let us hear no more About the Holy One of Israel!”

12Assuredly, Thus said the Holy One of Israel: Because you have rejected this word, And have put your trust and reliance In that which is fraudulent and tortuous— 13Of a surety, This iniquity shall work on you Like a spreading breach that occurs in a lofty wall, Whose crash comes sudden and swift. 14It is smashed as one smashes an earthen jug, Ruthlessly shattered So that no shard is left in its breakage To scoop coals from a brazier, Or ladle water from a puddle.

15For thus said my Lord GOD, The Holy One of Israel, “You shall triumph by stillness and quiet; Your victory shall come about Through calm and confidence.” But you refused. 16“No,” you declared. “We shall flee on steeds”— Therefore you shall flee! “We shall ride on swift mounts”— Therefore your pursuers shall prove swift! 17One thousand before the shout of one— You shall flee at the shout of five; Till what is left of you Is like a mast on a hilltop, Like a pole upon a mountain.

18Truly, the LORD is waiting to show you grace, Truly, He will arise to pardon you. For the LORD is a God of justice; Happy are all who wait for Him.

19Indeed, O people in Zion, dwellers of Jerusalem, you shall not have cause to weep. He will grant you His favor at the sound of your cry; He will respond as soon as He hears it. 20 My Lord will provide for you meager bread and scant water. Then your Guide will no more a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. be ignored, ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. but your eyes will watch your Guide; 21 and, whenever you deviate to the right or to the left, your ears will heed the command from behind you: “This is the road; follow it!” 22 And you will treat as unclean the silver overlay of your images and the golden plating of your idols. You will cast b Change of vocalization yields “keep.” them away like a menstruous woman. “Out!” you will call to them.

23So rain shall be provided for the seed with which you sow the ground, and the bread that the ground brings forth shall be rich and fat. Your livestock, in that day, shall graze in broad pastures; 24 as for the cattle and the asses that till the soil, they shall partake of salted fodder that has been winnowed with shovel and fan.

25And on every high mountain and on every lofty hill, there shall appear brooks and watercourses—on a day of heavy slaughter, when towers topple. 26 And the light of the moon shall become like the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall become sevenfold, like the light of the seven days, when the LORD binds up His people's wounds and heals the injuries it has suffered.

27Behold the c‐ Lit. “The name of the Lord.” LORD Himself ‐c Lit. “The name of the Lord.” Comes from afar In blazing wrath, d‐ Presumably with a heavy load of punishment. Meaning of Heb. uncertain. With a heavy burden ‐d Presumably with a heavy load of punishment. Meaning of Heb. uncertain. His lips full of fury, His tongue like devouring fire, 28And his breath like a raging torrent Reaching halfway up the neck— To set a misguiding yoke a Interpreting naphath like Arabic nâf; meaning of line uncertain. upon nations And a misleading bridle upon the jaws of peoples,

29For you, there shall be singing As on a night when a festival is hallowed; There shall be rejoicing as when they march With flute, b‐ Brought from v. 32 for clarity. with timbrels, and with lyres ‐b Brought from v. 32 for clarity. To the Rock of Israel on the Mount of the LORD.

30For the LORD will make His majestic voice heard And display the sweep of His arm In raging wrath, In a devouring blaze of fire, In tempest, and rainstorm, and hailstones. 31Truly, Assyria, who beats with the rod, Shall be cowed by the voice of the LORD; 32 c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. And each time the appointed staff passes by, The LORD will bring down [His arm] upon him And will do battle with him as he waves it. ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 33The Topheth d A site near Jerusalem at which human beings were sacrificed by fire in periods of paganizing; see 2 Kings 23.10. has long been ready for him; He too is destined for Melech e Cf. Molech, Lev. 18.21; 20.2–5. His firepit has been made both wide and deep, With plenty of fire and firewood, And with the breath of the LORD Burning in it like a stream of sulfur.

Notes:

a Or “Tanis.”

b Emendation yields “kings”; cf. 19.2 with note.

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain; emendation yields “Through the wasteland of the Negeb / Through a…

d Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

e See note on 14.29.

f‐f Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “Disgrace and chagrin”; cf. v. 5.

a Understanding ‘ad, with Targum, as a variant of ‘ed.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b Change of vocalization yields “keep.”

c‐c Lit. “The name of the Lord.”

d‐d Presumably with a heavy load of punishment. Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a Interpreting naphath like Arabic nâf; meaning of line uncertain.

b‐b Brought from v. 32 for clarity.

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

d A site near Jerusalem at which human beings were sacrificed by fire in periods of paganizing; see 2 Kings 23.10.

e Cf. Molech, Lev. 18.21; 20.2–5.

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