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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 14

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Text Commentary

1But the LORD will pardon Jacob, and will again choose Israel, and will settle them on their own soil. And strangers shall join them and shall cleave to the House of Jacob. 2 For peoples shall take them a I.e., the House of Jacob. and bring them to their homeland; and the House of Israel shall possess them b I.e., the peoples. as slaves and handmaids on the soil of the LORD. They shall be captors of their captors and masters to their taskmasters.

3And when the LORD has given you rest from your sorrow and trouble, and from the hard service that you were made to serve, 4 you shall recite this song of scorn over the king of Babylon:

How is the taskmaster vanished, How is oppression c Reading marhebah with 1QIsa (cf. Septuagint). The traditional reading madhebah is of unknown meaning. ended! 5The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, The rod of tyrants, 6That smote peoples in wrath With stroke unceasing, That belabored nations in fury In relentless pursuit.

7All the earth is calm, untroubled; Loudly it cheers. 8Even pines rejoice at your fate, And cedars of Lebanon: “Now that you have lain down, None shall come up to fell us.”

9Sheol below was astir To greet your coming— Rousing for you the shades Of all earth's chieftains, Raising from their thrones All the kings of nations. 10All speak up and say to you, “So you have been stricken as we were, You have become like us! 11Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, And the strains of your lutes! Worms are to be your bed, Maggots your blanket!”

12How are you fallen from heaven, O Shining One, son of Dawn! d A character in some lost myth. How are you felled to earth, O vanquisher of nations!

13Once you thought in your heart, “I will climb to the sky; Higher than the stars of God I will set my throne. I will sit in the mount of assembly, a I.e., the assembly of the gods in council. On the summit of Zaphon: b The abode of the gods; cf. Ps. 48.3 . 14I will mount the back of a cloud— I will match the Most High.” 15Instead, you are brought down to Sheol, To c‐ A region of the netherworld reserved for those who have not received decent burial; cf. Ezek. 32.21 ff. the bottom of the Pit. ‐c A region of the netherworld reserved for those who have not received decent burial; cf. Ezek. 32.21 ff. 16They who behold you stare; They peer at you closely: “Is this the man Who shook the earth, Who made realms tremble, 17Who made the world like a waste And wrecked its towns, d‐ Emendation yields “Who chained to his palace gate / All the kings of nations? / Yet they were all laid in honor… The practice of chaining captive chieftains to gates is attested in Mesopotamia. Who never released his prisoners to their homes?” 18All the kings of nations Were laid, every one, in honor ‐d Emendation yields “Who chained to his palace gate / All the kings of nations? / Yet they were all laid in honor… The practice of chaining captive chieftains to gates is attested in Mesopotamia. Each in his tomb; 19While you were left lying unburied, Like loathsome carrion, e So several ancient versions; cf. postbiblical neṣel, “putrefying flesh or blood.” Like a trampled corpse [In] the clothing of slain gashed by the sword Who sink to the very stones of the Pit. 20You shall not have a burial like them; Because you destroyed f‐ Emendation yields “.…countries, / Murdered peoples.” your country, Murdered your people. ‐f Emendation yields “.…countries, / Murdered peoples.”

Let the breed of evildoers Nevermore be named! 21Prepare a slaughtering block for his sons Because of the guilt of their father. g Heb. “fathers.” Let them not arise to possess the earth! Then the world's face shall be covered with towns.

22I will rise up against them—declares the LORD of Hosts—and will wipe out from Babylon name and remnant, kith and kin—declares the LORD—23 and I will make it a home of bitterns, a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. pools of water. I will sweep it with a broom of extermination—declares the LORD of Hosts.

24The LORD of Hosts has sworn this oath: “As I have designed, so shall it happen; What I have planned, that shall come to pass: 25To break Assyria in My land, To crush him on My mountain.” b Heb. “mountains”; for the designation of the entire land of Israel as the Lord's mountain, cf. 11.9 . And his yoke shall drop off them, And his burden shall drop from their c Heb. “his.” The last two lines of this verse would read well after v. 26 . backs. 26That is the plan that is planned For all the earth; That is why an arm is poised Over all the nations. 27For the LORD of Hosts has planned, Who then can foil it? It is His arm that is poised, And who can stay it?

28This pronouncement was made in the year that King Ahaz died:

29Rejoice not, all Philistia, Because the staff of him that beat you is broken. For from the stock of a snake there sprouts an asp, A flying seraph d Others “fiery serpent”; cf. Num. 21.6, 8 . branches out from it. 30 e Emendation yields “The poor shall graze in his pasture.” This line and the next would read well after v. 32 . The first‐born of the poor shall graze ‐e Emendation yields “The poor shall graze in his pasture.” This line and the next would read well after v. 32 . And the destitute lie down secure. f‐ Emendation yields “It shall kill your offspring with its venom (zar‘ekh berosho).” I will kill your stock by famine, ‐f Emendation yields “It shall kill your offspring with its venom (zar‘ekh berosho).” And it shall slay the very last of you. 31Howl, O gate; cry out, O city; Quake, all Philistia! g‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain; the rendering “stout one” is suggested by the Syriac ‘ashshîn. For a stout one is coming from the north And there is no straggler in his ranks. ‐g Meaning of Heb. uncertain; the rendering “stout one” is suggested by the Syriac ‘ashshîn. 32And what will he answer the messengers of any nation? That Zion has been established by the LORD: In it, the needy of His people shall find shelter.

Notes:

a I.e., the House of Jacob.

b I.e., the peoples.

c Reading marhebah with 1QIsa (cf. Septuagint). The traditional reading madhebah is of unknown meaning.

d A character in some lost myth.

a I.e., the assembly of the gods in council.

b The abode of the gods; cf. Ps. 48.3 .

c‐c A region of the netherworld reserved for those who have not received decent burial; cf. Ezek. 32.21 ff.

d‐d Emendation yields “Who chained to his palace gate / All the kings of nations? / Yet they were all laid in honor… The practice of chaining captive chieftains to gates is attested in Mesopotamia.

e So several ancient versions; cf. postbiblical neṣel, “putrefying flesh or blood.”

f‐f Emendation yields “.…countries, / Murdered peoples.”

g Heb. “fathers.”

a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b Heb. “mountains”; for the designation of the entire land of Israel as the Lord's mountain, cf. 11.9 .

c Heb. “his.” The last two lines of this verse would read well after v. 26 .

d Others “fiery serpent”; cf. Num. 21.6, 8 .

e‐e Emendation yields “The poor shall graze in his pasture.” This line and the next would read well after v. 32 .

f‐f Emendation yields “It shall kill your offspring with its venom (zar‘ekh berosho).”

g‐g Meaning of Heb. uncertain; the rendering “stout one” is suggested by the Syriac ‘ashshîn.

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