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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 7

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1In the reign of Ahaz son of Jotham son of Uzziah, king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel marched upon Jerusalem to attack it; but they were not able to attack it.

2Now, when it was reported to the House of David that Aram had allied itself with Ephraim, their hearts and the hearts of their people trembled as trees of the forest sway before a wind. 3 But the LORD said to Isaiah, “Go out with your son Shear‐jashub a Meaning “[only] a remnant will turn back,” i.e., repent; cf. 6.13; 10.21 . to meet Ahaz at the end of the conduit of the Upper Pool, by the road of the Fuller's Field. 4 And say to him: Be firm and be calm. Do not be afraid and do not lose heart on account of those two smoking stubs of firebrands, on account of the raging of Rezin and his Arameans and the son of Remaliah. b To refer to a person only as “the son of—” is slighting; cf. note at 1 Sam. 10.11 . 5 Because the Arameans—with Ephraim and the son of Remaliah—have plotted against you, saying, 6 ‘We will march against Judah and invade and conquer it, and we will set up as king in it the son of Tabeel,’ b To refer to a person only as “the son of—” is slighting; cf. note at 1 Sam. 10.11 . 7 thus said my Lord GOD:

It shall not succeed, It shall not come to pass. 8For the chief city of Aram is Damascus, And the chief of Damascus is Rezin; 9The chief city of Ephraim is Samaria, And the chief of Samaria is the son of Remaliah. c The thought is continued by 8.8b–10; cf. 2 Chron. 13.8–12 . d‐ Brought down from v. 8 for clarity. And in another sixty‐five years, Ephraim shall be shattered as a people. ‐d Brought down from v. 8 for clarity. If you will not believe, for you e‐ Others “surely, you shall not be established.” cannot be trusted ‐e Others “surely, you shall not be established.” .…”

10The LORD spoke further to Ahaz: 11 “Ask for a sign from the LORD your God, anywhere down to Sheol or up to the sky.” 12 But Ahaz replied, “I will not ask, and I will not test the LORD.” 13“Listen, House of David,” [Isaiah] retorted, “is it not enough for you to treat men as helpless that you also treat my God as helpless? f By insisting on soliciting the aid of Assyria (see 2 Kings 16.7 ff.; cf. below, v. 20 ). “Treat as helpless” follows the translation of Saadia; cf. Gen. 19.11 . 14 Assuredly, my Lord will give you a sign of His own accord! Look, the young woman is with child and about to give birth to a son. Let her name him Immanuel. g Meaning “with us is God.” 15(By the time he learns to reject the bad and choose the good, people will be feeding on curds and honey.) 16 For before the lad knows to reject the bad and choose the good, the ground whose two kings you dread shall be abandoned. 17 The LORD will cause to come upon you and your people and your ancestral house such days as never have come sinceEphraim turned away from Judah—that selfsame king of Assyria! a Cf. note on v. 13 .

18“In that day, the LORD will whistle to the flies at the ends of the water channels of Egypt and to the bees in the land of Assyria; 19 and they shall all come and alight in the rugged wadis, and in the clefts of the rocks, and in all the thornbrakes, and in all the watering places.

20“In that day, my Lord will cut away with the razor that is hired beyond the Euphrates—with the king of Assyria b Who was hired by Ahaz; cf. notes on vv. 13 and 17 . —the hair of the head and c‐ I.e., the pubic hair. the hair of the legs, ‐c I.e., the pubic hair. and it shall clip off the beard as well. 21 And in that day, each man shall save alive a heifer of the herd and two animals of the flock. 22(And he shall obtain so much milk that he shall eat curds.) Thus everyone who is left in the land shall feed on curds and honey.

23“For in that day, every spot where there could stand a thousand vines worth a thousand shekels of silver d I.e., all the best farm land, corresponding to the hairiest parts of the body; v. 20 . shall become a wilderness of thornbush and thistle. 24 One will have to go there with bow and arrows, e Because of dangerous beasts. for the country shall be all thornbushes and thistles. 25 But the perils of thornbush and thistle shall not spread to any of the hills that could only be tilled with a hoe; f Marginal farm land, too rocky for the plow, corresponding to areas of the body with scant hair. and here cattle shall be let loose, and g‐ See note at Exod. 12.3 . sheep and goats ‐g See note at Exod. 12.3 . shall tramp about.”

Notes:

a Meaning “[only] a remnant will turn back,” i.e., repent; cf. 6.13; 10.21 .

b To refer to a person only as “the son of—” is slighting; cf. note at 1 Sam. 10.11 .

c The thought is continued by 8.8b–10; cf. 2 Chron. 13.8–12 .

d‐d Brought down from v. 8 for clarity.

e‐e Others “surely, you shall not be established.”

f By insisting on soliciting the aid of Assyria (see 2 Kings 16.7 ff.; cf. below, v. 20 ). “Treat as helpless” follows the translation of Saadia; cf. Gen. 19.11 .

g Meaning “with us is God.”

a Cf. note on v. 13 .

b Who was hired by Ahaz; cf. notes on vv. 13 and 17 .

c‐c I.e., the pubic hair.

d I.e., all the best farm land, corresponding to the hairiest parts of the body; v. 20 .

e Because of dangerous beasts.

f Marginal farm land, too rocky for the plow, corresponding to areas of the body with scant hair.

g‐g See note at Exod. 12.3 .

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