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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 27

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1David said to himself, “Some day I shall certainly perish at the hands of Saul. The best thing for me is to flee to the land of the Philistines; Saul will then give up hunting me throughout the territory of Israel, and I will escape him.” 2So David and the six hundred men with him went and crossed over to King Achish son of Maoch of Gath. 3David and his men stayed with Achish in Gath, each man with his family, and David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelite and Abigail wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 4And when Saul was told that David had fled to Gath, he did not pursue him any more.

5David said to Achish, “If you please, let a place begranted me in one of the country towns where I can live; why should your servant remain with you in the royal city?” 6At that time Achish granted him Ziklag; that is how Ziklag came to belong to the kings of Judah, as is still the case. 7The length of time that David lived in Philistine territory was a year and four months.

8David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Gizrites, and the Amalekites—who were the inhabitants of the region of Olam, a Septuagint reads “Telam” (cf. “Telaim” in 15.4 ; and “Telem” in Josh. 15.24 ). all the way to Shur and to the land of Egypt.—9When David attacked a region, he would leave no man or woman alive; he would take flocks, herds, asses, camels, and clothing. When he returned and came b Change of vocalization yields “brought it”; cf. v. 11 . to Achish, 10Achish would ask, “Where c So some mss. and Targum; Septuagint and 4QSam a read “Whom.” did you raid today?” and David would reply, “The Negeb d I.e., the part of the Negeb occupied by these clans. of Judah,” or “the Negeb of the Jerahmeelites,” or “the Negeb of the Kenites.” 11David would leave no man or woman alive to be brought to Gath; for he thought, “They might tell about us: David did this.” Such was his practice as long as he stayed in the territory of the Philistines. 12Achish trusted David. He thought: e‐ Cf. note at 13.4 . “He has aroused the wrath of ‐e Cf. note at 13.4 . his own people Israel, and so he will be my vassal forever.”

Notes:

a Septuagint reads “Telam” (cf. “Telaim” in 15.4 ; and “Telem” in Josh. 15.24 ).

b Change of vocalization yields “brought it”; cf. v. 11 .

c So some mss. and Targum; Septuagint and 4QSam a read “Whom.”

d I.e., the part of the Negeb occupied by these clans.

e‐e Cf. note at 13.4 .

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