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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 2

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And Hannah prayed:

1My heart exults in the LORD; f‐ Lit. “My horn is high.” I have triumphed ‐f Lit. “My horn is high.” through the LORD. g‐ Lit. “My mouth is wide.” I gloat ‐g Lit. “My mouth is wide.” over my enemies; I rejoice in Your deliverance. 2There is no holy one like the LORD, Truly, there is none beside You; There is no rock like our God. 3Talk no more with lofty pride, Let no arrogance cross your lips! For the LORD is an all knowing God; By Him actions are measured. 4The bows of the mighty are broken, And the faltering are girded with strength. 5Men once sated must hire out for bread; Men once hungry hunger no more. While the barren woman bears seven, The mother of many is forlorn. 6The LORD deals death and gives life, Casts down into Sheol and raises up. 7The LORD makes poor and makes rich; He casts down, He also lifts high. 8He raises the poor from the dust, Lifts up the needy from the dunghill, Setting them with nobles, Granting them seats of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the LORD's; He has set the world upon them. 9He guards the steps of His faithful, But the wicked perish in darkness— For not by strength shall man prevail. 10The foes of the LORD shall be shattered; He will thunder against them in the heavens.

The LORD will judge the ends of the earth. He will give power to His king, a‐ Lit. “And will raise the horn of.” And triumph to ‐a Lit. “And will raise the horn of.” His anointed one.

11Then Elkanah b See note e at 1.28 . [and Hannah] went home to Ramah; and the boy entered the service of the LORD under the priest Eli.

12Now Eli's sons were scoundrels; they paid no heed to the LORD. 13This is how the priests used to deal with the people: When anyone brought a sacrifice, the priest's boy would come along with a three‐pronged fork while the meat was boiling, 14and he would thrust it into c‐ These vessels have not been distinguished precisely. the cauldron, or the kettle, or the great pot, or the small cooking‐pot; ‐c These vessels have not been distinguished precisely. and whatever the fork brought up, the priest would take away d‐ Targum and Septuagint add “for himself.” on it. ‐d Targum and Septuagint add “for himself.” This was the practice at Shiloh with all the Israelites who came there. 15[But now] even before the suet was turned into smoke, the priest's boy would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, “Hand over some meat to roast for the priest; for he won't accept boiled meat from you, only raw.” 16And if the man said to him, “Let them first turn the suet into smoke, and then take as much as you want,” he would reply, “No, hand it over at once or I'll take it by force.” 17The sin of the young men against the LORD was very great, for the men treated the LORD's offerings impiously.

18Samuel was engaged in the service of the LORD as an attendant, girded with a linen ephod. 19His mother would also make a little robe for him and bring it up to him every year, when she made the pilgrimage with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. 20Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and say, “May the LORD grant e 4QSam a and Septuagint read “repay.” you offspring by this woman in place of the loan she made to the LORD.” Then they would return home. 21For f 4QSam a reads “And.” the LORD took note of Hannah; she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. Young Samuel meanwhile grew up in the service of the LORD.

22Now Eli was very old. When he heard all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who g‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. performed tasks ‐g Meaning of Heb. uncertain. at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, 23he said to them, “Why do you do such things? I get evil reports about you from the people on all hands. 24Don't, my sons! It is no favorable report I hear the people of the LORD spreading about. 25If a man sins against a man, the LORD may pardon a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. him; but if a man offends against God, who can a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. obtain pardon ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. for him?” But they ignored their father's plea; for the LORD was resolved that they should die. 26Young Samuel, meanwhile, grew in esteem and favor both with God and with men.

27A man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus said the LORD: Lo, I revealed Myself to your father's house in Egypt when they were subject to the House of Pharaoh, 28and I chose them from among all the tribes of Israel to be My priests—to ascend My altar, to burn incense, [and] to carry an ephod b Here a device for obtaining oracles (cf. 14.3; 23.6, 9–12 ), not a garment as in v. 18 above. before Me—and I assigned to your father's house all offerings by fire of the Israelites. 29Why, then, do you c‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “gaze [cf. Septuagint] grudgingly upon the sacrifices and offerings which I have commanded” (connecting maʿon with ʿoyen, “keeping a jealous eye”; see 1 Sam. 18.9 ); cf. v. 32 and note e below. maliciously trample upon the sacrifices and offerings that I have commanded? ‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “gaze [cf. Septuagint] grudgingly upon the sacrifices and offerings which I have commanded” (connecting maʿon with ʿoyen, “keeping a jealous eye”; see 1 Sam. 18.9 ); cf. v. 32 and note e below. You have honored your sons more than Me, feeding on the first portions of every offering of My people Israel. d See vv. 15–16 . 30Assuredly—declares the LORD, the God of Israel—I intended for you and your father's house to remain in My service forever. But now—declares the LORD—far be it from Me! For I honor those who honor Me, but those who spurn Me shall be dishonored. 31A time is coming when I will break your power and that of your father's house, and there shall be no elder in your house. 32You will gaze grudgingly e Cf. note c‐c above. at all the bounty that will be bestowed on Israel, but there shall never be an elder in your house. 33 a‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain. I shall not cut off all your offspring from My altar; [but,] to make your eyes pine and your spirit languish, all the increase in your house shall die as [ordinary] men. ‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain. 34And this shall be a sign for you: The fate of your two sons Hophni and Phinehas—they shall both die on the same day. 35And I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest, who will act in accordance with My wishes and My purposes. I will build for him an enduring house, and he shall walk before My anointed evermore. 36And all the survivors of your house shall come and bow low to him for the sake of a money fee and a loaf of bread, and shall say, ‘Please, assign me to one of the priestly duties, that I may have a morsel of bread to eat.’”

Notes:

f‐f Lit. “My horn is high.”

g‐g Lit. “My mouth is wide.”

a‐a Lit. “And will raise the horn of.”

b See note e at 1.28 .

c‐c These vessels have not been distinguished precisely.

d‐d Targum and Septuagint add “for himself.”

e 4QSam a and Septuagint read “repay.”

f 4QSam a reads “And.”

g‐g Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

a‐a Meaning of Heb. uncertain.

b Here a device for obtaining oracles (cf. 14.3; 23.6, 9–12 ), not a garment as in v. 18 above.

c‐c Meaning of Heb. uncertain. Emendation yields “gaze [cf. Septuagint] grudgingly upon the sacrifices and offerings which I have commanded” (connecting maʿon with ʿoyen, “keeping a jealous eye”; see 1 Sam. 18.9 ); cf. v. 32 and note e below.

d See vv. 15–16 .

e Cf. note c‐c above.

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