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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 25

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1 a 25:1–4 Cp. 2 Kgs. 14:1–6 . AMAZIAH was twenty-five years old when he came to the throne, and he reigned in Jerusalem for twenty-nine years; his mother was Jehoaddan from Jerusalem. 2He did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, yet not wholeheartedly. 3As soon as the royal power was firmly in his grasp, he put to death those of his servants who had murdered the king his father; 4but he spared their children, in obedience to the LORD's command written in the law of Moses: ‘Parents are not to be put to death for their children, nor children for their parents; each one may be put to death only for his own sin.’

5Amaziah assembled the men of Judah and drew them up by families, and Benjamin as well as all Judah, under officers over units of a thousand and a hundred. He mustered those of twenty years old and upwards and found their number to be three hundred thousand, all picked troops ready for service, able to handle spear and shield. 6He also hired a hundred thousand seasoned troops from Israel for a hundred talents of silver. 7But a man of God came to him and said, ‘My lord king, do not let the Israelite army march with you; the LORD is not with Israel—all these Ephraimites! 8For, if you make these people b 25:8 these people: prob. rdg; Heb. obscure. your allies in the war, God will overthrow you in battle, for God has the power to help or to overthrow.’ 9Amaziah said to the man of God, ‘What am I to do about the hundred talents which I have spent on the Israelite army?’ The man answered, ‘It is in the LORD's power to give you much more than that.’ 10Amaziah detached the troops which had come to him from Ephraim and sent them home; that made them furious against Judah and they went home in a rage.

11Amaziah led his men with resolution to the valley of Salt and there killed ten thousand men of Seir. 12The men of Judah captured another ten thousand men alive, brought them to the top of a cliff c 25:12 a cliff: or Sela. , and hurled them over so that they were all dashed to pieces. 13Meanwhile the troops which Amaziah had sent home without allowing them to take part in the battle raided the towns of Judah from Samaria to Beth-horon, massacred three thousand people in them, and carried off rich spoil.

14After Amaziah had returned from the defeat of the Edomites, he brought the gods of the people of Seir and, setting them up as his own gods, worshipped them and burnt sacrifices to them. 15The LORD was angry with Amaziah for this and sent a prophet who said to him, ‘Why have you resorted to gods who could not save their own people from you?’ 16While he was speaking, the king said to him, ‘Have we appointed you counsellor to the king? Stop! Why risk your life?’ The prophet did stop, but first he said, ‘I know that God has determined to destroy you because you do this and do not listen to my counsel.’

17 d 25:17–24 Cp. 2 Kgs. 14:8–14 . King Amaziah of Judah, after consultation, sent envoys to Jehoash son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, to propose a confrontation. 18King Jehoash of Israel sent back this answer to King Amaziah of Judah: ‘A thistle in Lebanon sent to a cedar in Lebanon to say, “Give your daughter in marriage to my son.” But a wild beast in Lebanon, passing by, trampled on the thistle. 19You have defeated Edom, I see, but it has gone to your head. Stay at home and enjoy your triumph. Why should you involve yourself in disaster and bring yourself to the ground, and drag down Judah with you?’

20Amaziah, however, would not listen; and this was God's doing in order to give Judah into the power of Jehoash e 25:20 of Jehoash: so Gk (Luc.); Heb. omits. , because they had resorted to the gods of Edom. 21So King Jehoash of Israel marched out, and he and King Amaziah of Judah clashed at Beth-she-mesh in Judah. 22The men of Judah were routed by Israel and fled to their homes. 23King Jehoash of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, son of Joash, son of Jehoahaz, at Beth-shemesh. He brought him to Jerusalem, where he broke down the city wall from the Ephraim Gate to the Corner Gate, a distance of four hundred cubits. 24He took f 25:24 He took: prob. rdg, cp. 2 Kgs. 14:14 ; Heb. omits. all the gold and silver and all the vessels found in the house of God, in the care of Obededom, and the treasures of the palace, as well as hostages, and then returned to Samaria.

25 g 25:25–26:2 Cp. 2 Kgs. 14:17–22 . Amaziah son of Joash, king of Judah, outlived Jehoash son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel, by fifteen years. 26The other events of Amaziah's reign, from first to last, are recorded in the annals of the kings of Judah and Israel. 27From the time when he turned away from the LORD, a conspiracy was formed against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish; the conspirators sent after him to Lachish and put him to death there. 28His body was conveyed on horseback to Jerusalem, and there he was buried with his forefathers in the city of David h 25:28 David: so some MSS; others Judah. .

Notes:

a 25:1–4 Cp. 2 Kgs. 14:1–6 .

b 25:8 these people: prob. rdg; Heb. obscure.

c 25:12 a cliff: or Sela.

d 25:17–24 Cp. 2 Kgs. 14:8–14 .

e 25:20 of Jehoash: so Gk (Luc.); Heb. omits.

f 25:24 He took: prob. rdg, cp. 2 Kgs. 14:14 ; Heb. omits.

g 25:25–26:2 Cp. 2 Kgs. 14:17–22 .

h 25:28 David: so some MSS; others Judah.

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