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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 5

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1When all the Amorite kings to the west of the Jordan and all the Canaanite kings by the sea-coast heard how the LORD had dried up the waters of the Jordan before the advance of the Israelites until they had crossed, their courage failed them; there was no more spirit left in them because of the Israelites.

2At that time the LORD said to Joshua, ‘Fashion knives out of flint, and make Israel a circumcised people again.’ 3So Joshua made knives of flint, and the Israelites were circumcised at Gibeath-haaraloth a 5:3 Gibeath-haaraloth: that is the Hill of Foreskins. . 4This is why he had them circumcised: all the males who came out of Egypt, all the fighting men, had died in the wilderness on the journey from Egypt. 5The people who came out of Egypt had all been circumcised, but not those who had been born in the wilderness during the journey. 6The Israelites had travelled in the wilderness for forty years, until the whole generation, all the fighting men in the nation, died, all who came out of Egypt and had disobeyed the LORD. The LORD swore that he would not allow any of these to see the land which he had sworn to their fathers to give us, a land flowing with milk and honey. 7So it was their sons, whom the LORD had raised up in their place, that Joshua circumcised; they were uncircumcised because they had not been circumcised on the journey. 8When the circumcision of the whole nation was complete, they stayed where they were in camp until they had recovered. 9The LORD then said to Joshua, ‘Today I have rolled away from you the reproaches of the Egyptians.’ Therefore the place is called Gilgal b 5:9 Gilgal: that is Rolling Stones. to this day.

10While the Israelites were encamped in Gilgal, at sunset on the fourteenth day of the month they kept the Passover in the lowlands of Jericho. 11On the day after the Passover they ate of the produce of the country, roasted grain and loaves made without leaven. 12It was from that day, when they first ate the produce of the country, that the manna ceased. The Israelites got no more manna; that year they ate what had grown in the land of Canaan.

13When Joshua was near Jericho he looked up and saw a man standing in front of him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua approached him and asked, ‘Are you for us or for our enemies?’ 14The man replied, ‘Neither! I c 5:14 The man … I: so some MSS; others The man said, ‘No, I. am here as captain of the army of the LORD.’ Joshua prostrated himself in homage, and said, ‘What have you to say to your servant, my lord?’ 15The captain of the LORD's army answered, ‘Remove your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy’; and Joshua did so.

Notes:

a 5:3 Gibeath-haaraloth: that is the Hill of Foreskins.

b 5:9 Gilgal: that is Rolling Stones.

c 5:14 The man … I: so some MSS; others The man said, ‘No, I.

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