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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 50

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1Then Joseph threw himself upon his father, weeping over him and kissing him. 2He gave orders to the physicians in his service to embalm his father, and they did so, 3finishing the task in forty days, the usual time required for embalming. 4The Egyptians mourned Israel for seventy days. 5When the period of mourning was over, Joseph spoke to members of Pharaoh's household: ‘May I ask a favour—please speak for me to Pharaoh. Tell him that my father on his deathbed made me swear that I would bury him in the grave that he had bought a 50:5 bought: or dug. for himself in Canaan. Ask Pharaoh to let me go up and bury my father; and afterwards I shall return.’ 6Pharaoh's reply was: ‘Go and bury your father in accordance with your oath.’ 7So Joseph went up to bury his father, and with him went all Pharaoh's officials, the elders of his household, and all the elders of Egypt, 8as well as all Joseph's own household, his brothers, and his father's household; only their children, with the flocks and herds, were left in Goshen. 9Chariots as well as horsemen went up with him, a very great company.

10When they came to the threshing-floor of Atad beside the river Jordan, they raised a loud and bitter lamentation; and Joseph observed seven days' mourning for his father. 11When the Canaanites who lived there saw this mourning at the threshing-floor of Atad, they said, ‘How bitterly the Egyptians are mourning!’ So they named the place beside the Jordan Abel-mizraim b 50:11 Abel-mizraim: that is Mourning of Egypt. .

12Thus Jacob's sons did to him as he had instructed them: 13they took him to Canaan and buried him in the cave on the plot of land at Machpelah, the land which Abraham had bought as a burial-place from Ephron the Hittite, to the east of Mamre. 14After burying his father, Joseph returned to Egypt with his brothers and all who had gone up with him for the burial.

15Now that their father was dead, Joseph's brothers were afraid, for they said, ‘What if Joseph should bear a grudge against us and pay us back for all the harm we did to him?’ 16They therefore sent a messenger to Joseph to say, ‘In his last words to us before he died, your father gave us this message: 17“Say this to Joseph: I ask you to forgive your brothers' crime and wickedness; I know they did you harm.” So now we beg you: forgive our crime, for we are servants of your father's God.’ Joseph was moved to tears by their words. 18His brothers approached and bowed to the ground before him. ‘We are your slaves,’ they said. 19But Joseph replied, ‘Do not be afraid. Am I in the place of God? 20You meant to do me harm; but God meant to bring good out of it by preserving the lives of many people, as we see today. 21Do not be afraid. I shall provide for you and your dependants.’ Thus he comforted them and set their minds at rest.

22Joseph remained in Egypt, he and his father's household. He lived to be a hundred and ten years old, 23and saw Ephraim's children to the third generation; he also recognized as his the children of Manasseh's son Machir. 24He said to his brothers, ‘I am about to die; but God will not fail to come to your aid and take you from here to the land which he promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.’ 25He made the sons of Israel solemnly swear that when God came to their aid, they would carry his bones up with them from there. 26So Joseph died in Egypt at the age of a hundred and ten, and he was embalmed and laid in a coffin.

Notes:

a 50:5 bought: or dug.

b 50:11 Abel-mizraim: that is Mourning of Egypt.

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