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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 11

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1There was a man named Lazarus who had fallen ill. His home was at Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2This Mary, whose brother Lazarus had fallen ill, was the woman who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair. 3The sisters sent a message to him: ‘Sir, you should know that your friend lies ill.’ 4When Jesus heard this he said, ‘This illness is not to end in death; through it God's glory is to be revealed and the Son of God glorified.’ 5Therefore, though he loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus, 6he stayed where he was for two days after hearing of Lazarus's illness.

7He then said to his disciples, ‘Let us go back to Judaea.’ 8‘Rabbi,’ his disciples said, ‘it is not long since the Jews there were wanting to stone you. Are you going there again?’ 9Jesus replied, ‘Are there not twelve hours of daylight? Anyone can walk in the daytime without stumbling, because he has this world's light to see by. 10But if he walks after nightfall he stumbles, because the light fails him.’

11After saying this he added, ‘Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I shall go and wake him.’ 12The disciples said, ‘Master, if he is sleeping he will recover.’ 13Jesus had been speaking of Lazarus's death, but they thought that he meant natural sleep. 14Then Jesus told them plainly: ‘Lazarus is dead. 15I am glad for your sake that I was not there; for it will lead you to believe. But let us go to him.’ 16Thomas, called ‘the Twin’, said to his fellow-disciples, ‘Let us also go and die with him.’

17 ON his arrival Jesus found that Lazarus had already been four days in the tomb. 18Bethany was just under two miles from Jerusalem, 19and many of the Jews had come from the city to visit Martha and Mary and condole with them about their brother. 20As soon as Martha heard that Jesus was on his way, she went to meet him, and left Mary sitting at home.

21Martha said to Jesus, ‘Lord, if you had been here my brother would not have died. 22Even now I know that God will grant you whatever you ask of him.’ 23Jesus said, ‘Your brother will rise again.’ 24‘I know that he will rise again’, said Martha, ‘at the resurrection on the last day.’ 25 a 11:25 Some witnesses omit and the life. Jesus said, ‘I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever has faith in me shall live, even though he dies; 26and no one who lives and has faith in me shall ever die. Do you believe this?’ 27‘I do, Lord,’ she answered; ‘I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God who was to come into the world.’

28So saying she went to call her sister Mary and, taking her aside, she said, ‘The Master is here and is asking for you.’ 29As soon as Mary heard this she rose and went to him. 30Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was still at the place where Martha had met him. 31When the Jews who were in the house condoling with Mary saw her hurry out, they went after her, assuming that she was going to the tomb to weep there.

32Mary came to the place where Jesus was, and as soon as she saw him she fell at his feet and said, ‘Lord, if you had been here my brother would not have died.’ 33When Jesus saw her weeping and the Jews who had come with her weeping, he was moved with indignation and deeply distressed. 34‘Where have you laid him?’ he asked. They replied, ‘Come and see.’ 35Jesus wept. 36The Jews said, ‘How dearly he must have loved him!’ 37But some of them said, ‘Could not this man, who opened the blind man's eyes, have done something to keep Lazarus from dying?’

38Jesus, again deeply moved, went to the tomb. It was a cave, with a stone placed against it. 39Jesus said, ‘Take away the stone.’ Martha, the dead man's sister, said to him, ‘Sir, by now there will be a stench; he has been there four days.’ 40Jesus said, ‘Did I not tell you that if you have faith you will see the glory of God?’ 41Then they removed the stone.

Jesus looked upwards and said, ‘Father, I thank you for hearing me. 42I know that you always hear me, but I have spoken for the sake of the people standing round, that they may believe it was you who sent me.’

43Then he raised his voice in a great cry: ‘Lazarus, come out.’ 44The dead man came out, his hands and feet bound with linen bandages, his face wrapped in a cloth. Jesus said, ‘Loose him; let him go.’

45 MANY of the Jews who had come to visit Mary, and had seen what Jesus did, put their faith in him. 46But some of them went off to the Pharisees and reported what he had done.

47Thereupon the chief priests and the Pharisees convened a meeting of the Council. ‘This man is performing many signs,’ they said, ‘and what action are we taking? 48If we let him go on like this the whole populace will believe in him, and then the Romans will come and sweep away our temple and our nation.’ 49But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said, ‘You have no grasp of the situation at all; 50you do not realize that it is more to your interest that one man should die for the people, than that the whole nation should be destroyed.’ 51He did not say this of his own accord, but as the high priest that year he was prophesying that Jesus would die for the nation, 52and not for the nation alone but to gather together the scattered children of God. 53So from that day on they plotted his death.

54Accordingly Jesus no longer went about openly among the Jews, but withdrew to a town called Ephraim, in the country bordering on the desert, and stayed there with his disciples.

55 THE Jewish Passover was now at hand, and many people went up from the country to Jerusalem to purify themselves before the festival. 56They looked out for Jesus, and as they stood in the temple they asked one another, ‘What do you think? Perhaps he is not coming to the festival.’ 57Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that anyone who knew where he was must report it, so that they might arrest him.


a 11:25 Some witnesses omit and the life.

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