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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 16

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1Abram's wife Sarai had borne him no children. She had, however, an Egyptian slave-girl named Hagar, 2and Sarai said to Abram, ‘The LORD has not let me have a child. Take my slave-girl; perhaps through her I shall have a son.’ Abram heeded what his wife said; 3so Sarai brought her slave-girl, Hagar the Egyptian, to her husband and gave her to Abram as a wife. When this happened Abram had been in Canaan for ten years. 4He lay with Hagar and she conceived; and when she knew that she was pregnant, she looked down on her mistress. 5Sarai complained to Abram, ‘I am being wronged; you must do something about it. It was I who gave my slave-girl into your arms, but since she has known that she is pregnant, she has despised me. May the LORD see justice done between you and me.’ 6Abram replied, ‘Your slave-girl is in your hands; deal with her as you please.’ So Sarai ill-treated her and she ran away from her mistress.

7The angel of the LORD came upon Hagar by a spring in the wilderness, the spring on the road to Shur, 8and he said, ‘Hagar, Sarai's slave-girl, where have you come from and where are you going?’ She answered, ‘I am running away from Sarai my mistress.’ 9The angel of the LORD said to her, ‘Go back to your mistress and submit to ill-treatment at her hands.’ 10He also said, ‘I shall make your descendants too many to be counted.’ 11The angel of the LORD went on:

‘You are with child and will bear a son. You are to name him Ishmael a 16:11 Ishmael: that is God heard. , because the LORD has heard of your ill-treatment. 12 He will be like the wild ass; his hand will be against everyone and everyone's hand against him; and he will live at odds with all his kin.’

13Hagar called the LORD who spoke to her by the name El-roi b 16:13 El-roi: that is God of a vision. , for she said, ‘Have I indeed seen God and still live c God … live: prob. rdg; Heb. hither. after that vision?’ 14That is why the well is called Beer-lahai-roi d 16:14 Beer-lahai-roi: that is the Well of the Living One of Vision. ; it lies between Kadesh and Bered. 15Hagar bore Abram a son, and he named the child she bore him Ishmael. 16Abram was eighty-six years old when she bore Ishmael.

Notes:

a 16:11 Ishmael: that is God heard.

b 16:13 El-roi: that is God of a vision.

c God … live: prob. rdg; Heb. hither.

d 16:14 Beer-lahai-roi: that is the Well of the Living One of Vision.

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