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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 14

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1 IN those days King Amraphel of Shinar, King Arioch of Ellasar, King Kedorlaomer of Elam, and King Tidal of Goyim 2went to war against King Bera of Sodom, King Birsha of Gomorrah, King Shinab of Admah, King Shemeber of Zeboyim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. 3These kings joined forces in the valley of Siddim, which is now the Dead Sea a 14:3 Dead Sea: lit. Salt Sea. . 4For twelve years they had been subject to Kedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5Then in the fourteenth year Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, 6and the Horites in their hill-country, Seir as far as El-paran on the edge of the wilderness. 7On their way back they came to En-mishpat, which is now Kadesh, and laid waste all the territory of the Amalekites as well as that of the Amorites who lived in Hazazon-tamar. 8Then the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim, and Bela, which is now Zoar, marched out and drew up their forces against them in the valley of Siddim, 9against King Kedorlaomer of Elam, King Tidal of Goyim, King Amraphel of Shinar, and King Arioch of Ellasar, four kings against five. 10Now the valley of Siddim was full of bitumen pits, and when the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some of their men fell into them, but the rest made their escape to the hills. 11The four kings captured all the flocks and herds of Sodom and Gomorrah and all their provisions, and withdrew, 12carrying off Abram's nephew, Lot, who was living in Sodom, and his flocks and herds.

13A fugitive brought the news to Abram the Hebrew, who at that time had his camp by the terebinths of Mamre the Amorite. This Mamre was the brother of Eshcol and Aner, allies of Abram. 14When Abram heard that his kinsman had been taken prisoner, he mustered his three hundred and eighteen retainers, men born in his household, and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15Abram and his followers surrounded the enemy by night, routed them, and pursued them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus. 16He recovered all the flocks and herds and also his kinsman Lot with his flocks and herds, together with the women and all his company. 17On Abram's return from defeating Kedorlaomer and the allied kings, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the valley of Shaveh, which is now the King's Valley.

18 THEN the king of Salem, Melchizedek, brought food and wine. He was priest of God Most High, 19and he pronounced this blessing on Abram:

‘Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of the heavens and the earth. 20 And blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.’

Then Abram gave him a tithe of all the booty.

21The king of Sodom said to Abram, ‘Give me the people, and you can take the livestock.’ 22But Abram replied, ‘I lift my hand and swear by the LORD, God Most High, Creator of the heavens and the earth: 23not a thread or a sandal-thong shall I accept of anything that is yours. You will never say, “I made Abram rich.” 24I shall accept nothing but what the young men have eaten and the share of the men who went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; they must have their share.’

Notes:

a 14:3 Dead Sea: lit. Salt Sea.

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