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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

Chapter 10

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1These are the descendants of Noah's sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons born to them after the flood.

2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan a 10:2 Javan: or Greece. , Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim b 10:4 Tarshish, Kittim: or Tarshish of the Kittians. , and Rodanim c Rodanim: so Samar.; Heb. Dodanim. . 5From these the peoples of the coasts and islands separated into their own countries, each with their own language, family by family, nation by nation.

6The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim d 10:6 Mizraim: or Egypt. , Put, and Canaan. 7The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtecha. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 8Cush was the father of Nimrod, who began to be known on earth for his might. 9He was outstanding as a mighty hunter—as the saying goes, ‘like Nimrod, outstanding as a mighty hunter’. 10At first his kingdom consisted of Babel, Erech, and Accad, all of them in the land of Shinar. 11From that land he migrated to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah, 12and Resen, a great city between Nineveh and Calah. 13From Mizraim sprang the Ludim, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 14Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the Caphtorites e 10:14 and the Caphtorites: transposed from end of verse; cp. Amos 9:7. , from whom the Philistines were descended.

15Canaan was the father of Sidon, who was his eldest son, and Heth f 10:15 Heth: or the Hittites. , 16the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Later the Canaanites spread, 19and then the Canaanite border ran from Sidon towards Gerar all the way to Gaza; then all the way to Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboyim as far as Lasha. 20These were the sons of Ham, by families and languages, with their countries and nations.

21Sons were born also to Shem, elder brother of Japheth, the ancestor of all the sons of Eber. 22The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. 23The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber. 25Eber had two sons: one was named Peleg g 10:25 Peleg: that is Division. , because in his time the earth was divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. 26Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmoth, Jerah, 27Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan. 30They lived in the eastern hill-country, from Mesha all the way to Sephar. 31These were the sons of Shem, by families and languages, with their countries and nations.

32These were the families of the sons of Noah according to their genealogies, nation by nation; and from them came the separate nations on earth after the flood.

Notes:

a 10:2 Javan: or Greece.

b 10:4 Tarshish, Kittim: or Tarshish of the Kittians.

c Rodanim: so Samar.; Heb. Dodanim.

d 10:6 Mizraim: or Egypt.

e 10:14 and the Caphtorites: transposed from end of verse; cp. Amos 9:7.

f 10:15 Heth: or the Hittites.

g 10:25 Peleg: that is Division.

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