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The Oxford Study Bible Study Bible supplemented with commentary from scholars of various religions.

The Second Letter of Peter - Introduction

In form, this writing is Peter's “last will and testament,” a passionate attempt to support orthodox Christian doctrines, especially beliefs in the glorious return of Christ. The purpose, style, and point of view sharply distinguish this testament from 1 Peter, and most scholars have concluded that it was written in Peter's name by a later church figure interested in representing its teaching as well-established apostolic tradition. The salutation ( 1.1–2 ) is followed by a preface which stresses the writer's authority ( 1.3–15 ). In 1.16–3.10 there are various arguments assembled to show that the hope of the Lord's coming is sure, and the readers are admonished in conclusion to be ready for that day ( 3.11–18 ).

Virtually all the arguments in 2 Peter duplicate those in Jude 3–18 . The majority of interpreters believe that the author of 2 Peter has drawn on Jude in formulating this appeal. That 2 Peter used Jude (not Jude, 2 Peter) is suggested by the absence from 2 Peter of a passage in Jude 9 which alludes to a legend about Moses' body; that 2 Peter omitted this seems to scholars more likely than that Jude added it. Dependence on Jude and the association of Paul's letters with Scripture ( 3.16 ) suggest a date for 2 Peter well into the second century, perhaps about 150 C.E.

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Oxford University Press

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