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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

List of Abbreviations

The following abbreviations are used for the books of the Bible:

OLD TESTAMENT

  • Gen Genesis

  • Ex Exodus

  • Lev Leviticus

  • Num Numbers

  • Deut Deuteronomy

  • Josh Joshua

  • Judg Judges

  • Ruth Ruth

  • 1 Sam 1 Samuel

  • 2 Sam 2 Samuel

  • 1 Kings 1 Kings

  • 2 Kings 2 Kings

  • 1 Chr 1 Chronicles

  • 2 Chr 2 Chronicles

  • Ezra Ezra

  • Neh Nehemiah

  • Esth Esther

  • Job Job

  • Ps Psalms

  • Prov Proverbs

  • Eccl Ecclesiastes

  • Song Song of Solomon

  • Isa Isaiah

  • Jer Jeremiah

  • Lam Lamentations

  • Ezek Ezekiel

  • Dan Daniel

  • Hos Hosea

  • Joel Joel

  • Am Amos

  • Ob Obadiah

  • Jon Jonah

  • Mic Micah

  • Nah Nahum

  • Hab Habakkuk

  • Zeph Zephaniah

  • Hag Haggai

  • Zech Zechariah

  • Mal Malachi

  • Tob Tobit

  • Jdt Judith

  • Add Esth Additions to Esther

  • Wis Wisdom of Solomon

  • Sir Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)

  • Bar Baruch

  • Let Jer Letter of Jeremiah

  • Song of Thr Prayer of Azariah and the Song of the Three Jews

  • Sus Susanna

  • Bel Bel and the Dragon

  • 1 Macc 1 Maccabees

  • 2 Macc 2 Maccabees

  • 1 Esd 1 Esdras

  • Pr Man Prayer of Manasseh

  • Ps 151 Psalm 151

  • 3 Macc 3 Maccabees

  • 2 Esd 2 Esdras

  • 4 Macc 4 Maccabees

APOCRYPHAL/DEUTEROCANONICAL BOOKS

  • Mt Matthew

  • Mk Mark

  • Lk Luke

  • Jn John

  • Acts Acts of the Apostles

  • Rom Romans

  • 1 Cor 1 Corinthians

  • 2 Cor 2 Corinthians

  • Gal Galatians

  • Eph Ephesians

  • Phil Philippians

  • Col Colossians

  • 1 Thess 1 Thessalonians

  • 2 Thess 2 Thessalonians

  • 1 Tim 1 Timothy

  • 2 Tim 2 Timothy

  • Titus Titus

  • Philem Philemon

  • Heb Hebrews

  • Jas James

  • 1 Pet 1 Peter

  • 2 Pet 2 Peter

  • 1 Jn 1 John

  • 2 Jn 2 John

  • 3 Jn 3 John

  • Jude Jude

  • Rev Revelation

NEW TESTAMENT

In the notes to the books of the Hebrew Bible and the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books the fol-lowing abbreviations are used:

  • Ant. Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews

  • Aram Aramaic

  • Ch, chs Chapter, chapters

  • Cn Correction; made where the text has suffered in transmission and the versions provide no satisfactory restoration but where the Standard Bible Committee agrees with the judgment of competent scholars as to the most probable reconstruction of the original text.

  • Gk Septuagint, Greek version of the Old Testament

  • Heb Hebrew of the consonantal Masoretic Text of the Old Testament

  • Josephus Flavius Josephus (Jewish historian, ca. 37–95 CE)

  • Macc The book(s) of the Maccabees

  • Ms(s) Manuscript(s)

  • MT The Hebrew of the pointed Masoretic Text of the Old Testament

  • OL Old Latin

  • Q Ms(s) Manuscript(s) found at Qumran by the Dead Sea

  • Sam Samaritan Hebrew text of the Old Testament

  • Syr Syriac Version of the Old Testament

  • Syr H Syriac Version of Origen's Hexapla

  • Tg Targum

  • Vg Vulgate, Latin Version of the Old Testament

For a detailed discussion of these terms, see “Textual Criticism,” p. 460 ES .

The following abbreviations of additional ancient works are used in the introductions and annota-tions to the biblical books, and in the General Essays at the end of the volume:

  • Ag. Ap. Josephus, Against Apion

  • Apoc. Bar. Apocalypse of Baruch

  • Apoc. Zeph. Apocalypse of Zephaniah

  • 2 Bar. 2 Baruch (another name for the Apocalypse of Baruch)

  • b. Ber. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berakot

  • b. Eruv. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Eruvim

  • b. Git. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Gittin

  • b. Ned. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Nedarim

  • b. San. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin

  • b. Shabb Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabbat

  • b. Yonta Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Yonta

  • b. Meg. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Megillah

  • CD Cairo Genizah, Damascus Document

  • 1 Clem 1 Clement (First Epistle of Clement)

  • Ep. Arist. Letter of Aristeas

  • Gen. Rab. Genesis Kabbah

  • Hermas, Mand. Shepherd of Hermas, Mandate

  • Ignatius, Philad. Ignatius, Epistle to the Philadelphians

  • Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. Irenaeus, Adversus omnes Haereses

  • Jer. Sot. Jerusalem Talmud, Sotah (see y. Sot.)

  • Josephus, Ag. Ap. Josephus, Against Apion

  • Jub. Jubilees

  • Lam. Rab. Lamentations Rabbah

  • m. Ketub. Mishnah Ketubim

  • m. Ned. Mishnah Nedarim

  • m. Ohalot Mishnah Ohalot

  • Midr. Midrash

  • Midr. Pss. Midrash Psalms

  • P. Oxy. Oxyrhynchus Papyri

  • Philo, De Conf. Ling. Philo, De Confusione Linguarum

  • Philo, De spec. leg. Philo, De specialibus Legibus

  • Philo, Leg. all. Philo, Legum allegoriae

  • Philo, Leg. Gai. Philo, Legatio ad Gaium

  • Philo, Rer. div. her. Philo, Quis rerum divinarum heres sit

  • Pliny, Nat. Hist. Pliny, Naturalis Historia

  • 11QTemple The Temple Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 (11Q19)

  • 1QH Hodayot (Thanksgiving Hymns) from Qumran Cave 1

  • 1QM Milhamah (War Scroll) from Qumran Cave 1

  • 11QMelch Melchizedek Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 (11Q13)

  • 1QpHab Pesher to Habakkuk from Qumran Cave 1

  • 11QPsa The Psalmsa Scroll from Qumran Cave 11 (11Q5)

  • 1QS Rule of the Community (Serek Hayahad) from Qumran Cave 1

  • Seder Olam R. Seder Olam Rabbah

  • Shab. Shabbat

  • Sifre Num. Sifre Numbers

  • Sib. Or. Sibylline Oracles

  • T. Jud. (Test. Jud.) Testament of Judah

  • T. Moses Testament of Moses

  • T. Reuben Testament of Reuben

  • Tr. Eruv. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Eruvim (see b. Eruv.)

  • y. Jerusalem Talmud

  • y. Sot. Jerusalem Talmud, Sotah

Note: The abbreviation “Q,” unless specified as “Quelle” (“Source”) for the posited New Testament document of non-Markan common material in Matthew and Luke, refers to Qumran, and manuscripts from Qumran are identified by the cave number, which precedes the Q, and the official manuscript number, which follows it; thus, 1Q34 = Manuscript 34 from Cave 1 at Qumran; 4Q174 = Manuscript 174 from Cave 4; etc.

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