New Testament Uses of The Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books
None of the books of the New Testament quote directly from any Apocryphal book, in contrast to the frequent quotation of the thirty‐nine books in the Hebrew Bible. Several New Testament writers, however, do allude to one or more apocryphal books. For example, what seem to be literary echoes from the Wisdom of Solomon are present in Paul's Letter to the Romans (compare Rom 1.20–29 with Wis 13.5,8; 14.24, 27; and Rom 9.20–23 with Wis 12.12,20; 15.7 ) and in his correspondence with the Corinthians (compare 2 Cor 5.1,4 with Wis 9.15 ). The short Letter of James, a typical bit of “wisdom literature” in the New Testament, contains allusions not only to the book of Proverbs in the Hebrew Bible but to gnomic sayings in Sirach as well (compare Jas 1.19 with Sir 5.11; and Jas 1.13 with Sir 15.11–12 ).