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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 20

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1Wine is arrogant, strong drink is riotous; none who goes astray for it is wise. c Prv 23, 29–35 .

2The dread of the king is as when a lion roars; d Prv 19, 12 . he who incurs his anger forfeits his life.

3It is honorable for a man to shun strife, while every fool starts a quarrel.

4In seedtime the sluggard plows not; when he looks for the harvest, it is not there.

5The intention in the human heart is like water far below the surface, but the man of intelligence draws it forth. e Prv 18, 4 .

6Many are declared to be men of virtue: but who can find one worthy of trust?

7When a man walks in integrity and justice, happy are his children after him!

8A king seated on the throne of judgment dispels all evil with his glance.

9Who can say, “I have made my heart clean, f 1 Kgs 8, 46; 2 Chr 6, 36; Eccl 7, 20; 1 Jn 1, 8 . I am cleansed of my sin”?*

10Varying weights, varying measures, are both an abomination to the LORD. g Prv 11, 1; 20, 23 .

11Even by his manners the child betrays whether his conduct is innocent and right.

12The ear that hears, and the eye that sees— the LORD has made them both.

13Love not sleep, lest you be reduced to poverty; eyes wide open mean abundant food.

14“Bad, bad!” says the buyer; but once he has gone his way, he boasts.*

15Like gold or a wealth of corals, wise lips are a precious ornament. 16Take his garment who becomes surety for another, h Prv 27, 13 . and for strangers yield it up!*

17The bread of deceit is sweet to a man, but afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.

18Plans made after advice succeed; so with wise guidance wage your war.

19A newsmonger reveals secrets; so have nothing to do with a babbler!

20If one curses his father or mother, his lamp will go out* at the coming of darkness. i Prv 30, 11. 17; Ex 21, 17; Lv 20, 9; Mt 15, 4 .

21Possessions gained hastily at the outset will in the end not be blessed.

22Say not, “I will repay evil!” Trust in the LORD and he will help you. j Prv 24, 29; Sir 28, 1; Mt 5, 39; Rom 12, 17. 19; 1 Thes 5, 15; 1 Pt 3, 9 .

23Varying weights are an abomination to the LORD, and false scales are not good. k Prv 11, 1; 20, 10 .

24Man's steps are from the LORD; l Prv 16, 9 . how, then, can a man understand his way?*

25Rashly to pledge a sacred gift is a trap for a man, or to regret a vow once made.*

26A wise king winnows the wicked, and threshes them under the cartwheel.

27A lamp from the LORD is the breath of man; it searches through all his inmost being.

28Kindness and piety safeguard the king, and he upholds his throne by justice. m Prv 16, 12 .

29The glory of young men is their strength, and the dignity of old men is gray hair. n Prv 16, 31 .

30Evil is cleansed away by bloody lashes, and a scourging to the inmost being.

Notes:

c: Prv 23, 29–35 .

d: Prv 19, 12 .

e: Prv 18, 4 .

f: 1 Kgs 8, 46; 2 Chr 6, 36; Eccl 7, 20; 1 Jn 1, 8 .

g: Prv 11, 1; 20, 23 .

h: Prv 27, 13 .

i: Prv 30, 11. 17; Ex 21, 17; Lv 20, 9; Mt 15, 4 .

j: Prv 24, 29; Sir 28, 1; Mt 5, 39; Rom 12, 17. 19; 1 Thes 5, 15; 1 Pt 3, 9 .

k: Prv 11, 1; 20, 10 .

l: Prv 16, 9 .

m: Prv 16, 12 .

n: Prv 16, 31 .

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