We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 23

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next

1 u 1–5: 2 Chr 34, 29–33 . The king then had all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem summoned together before him. 2The king went up to the temple of the LORD with all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem: priests, prophets, and all the people, small and great. He had the entire contents of the book of the covenant that had been found in the temple of the LORD, read out to them. 3Standing by the column, the king made a covenant before the LORD that they would follow him and observe his ordinances, statutes and decrees with their whole hearts and souls, thus reviving the terms of the covenant which were written in this book. And all the people stood as participants in the covenant.

4Then the king commanded the high priest Hilkiah, his vicar, and the doorkeepers to remove from the temple of the LORD all the objects that had been made for Baal, Asherah, and the whole host of heaven. He had these burned outside Jerusalem on the slopes of the Kidron and their ashes carried to Bethel. v 2 Chr 34, 3–5; Sir 49, 3 . 5He also put an end to the pseudo‐priests whom the kings of Judah had appointed to burn incense on the high places in the cities of Judah and in the vicinity of Jerusalem, as well as those who burned incense to Baal, to the sun, moon, and signs of the Zodiac, and to the whole host of heaven. w Dt 17, 3ff . 6From the temple of the LORD he also removed the sacred pole, to the Kidron Valley, outside Jerusalem; there he had it burned and beaten to dust, which was then scattered over the common graveyard. x Dt 16, 21; 1 Kgs 14, 23 . 7He tore down the apartments of the cult prostitutes* which were in the temple of the LORD, and in which the women wove garments for the Asherah. y 1 Kgs 14, 24; Dt 23, 18f .

8He brought in all the priests from the cities of Judah, and then defiled, from Geba to Beer‐sheba, the high places where they had offered incense. He also tore down the high place of the satyrs, which was at the entrance of the Gate of Joshua, governor of the city, to the left as one enters the city gate. z Dt 12, 2f . 9The priests of the high places could not function at the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem; but they, along with their relatives, ate the unleavened bread.

10The king also defiled Topheth in the Valley of Ben‐hinnom, so that there would no longer be any immolation of sons or daughters by fire* in honor of Molech. a Lv 18, 21 . 11He did away with the horses which the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun; these were at the entrance of the temple of the LORD, near the chamber of Nathan‐melech the eunuch, which was in the large building.* The chariots of the sun he destroyed by fire. 12He also demolished the altars made by the kings of Judah on the roof (the roof terrace of Ahaz), and the altars made by Manasseh in the two courts of the temple of the LORD. He pulverized them and threw the dust into the Kidron Valley. b 2 Kgs 21, 5 . 13The king defiled the high places east of Jerusalem, south of the Mount of Misconduct,* which Solomon, king of Israel, had built in honor of Astarte, the Sidonian horror, of Chemosh, the Moabite horror, and of Milcom, the idol of the Ammonites. c 1 Kgs 11, 7 . 14He broke to pieces the pillars, cut down the sacred poles, and filled the places where they had been with human bones. d Dt 16, 21f; 1 Kgs 14, 23 . 15Likewise the altar which was at Bethel, the high place built by Jeroboam, son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin—this same altar and high place he tore down, breaking up the stones and grinding them to powder, and burning the Asherah. e 1 Kgs 12, 31f; 13, 32 .

16When Josiah turned and saw the graves there on the mountainside, he ordered the bones taken from the graves and burned on the altar, and thus defiled it in fulfillment of the word of the LORD which the man of God had proclaimed as Jeroboam was standing by the altar on the feast day. When the king looked up and saw the grave of the man of God who had proclaimed these words, 17he asked, “What is that tombstone I see?” The men of the city replied, “It is the grave of the man of God who came from Judah and predicted the very things you have done to the altar of Bethel.” 18 f 1 Kgs 13, 31 . “Let him be,” he said, “let no one move his bones.” So they left his bones undisturbed together with the bones of the prophet who had come from Samaria.*

19Josiah also removed all the shrines on the high places near the cities of Samaria which the kings of Israel had erected, thereby provoking the LORD; he did the very same to them as he had done in Bethel. g 2 Chr 34, 6f . 20He slaughtered upon the altars all the priests of the high places that were at the shrines, and burned human bones upon them. Then he returned to Jerusalem.

21The king issued a command to all the people to observe the Passover of the LORD, their God, as it was prescribed in that book of the covenant. h Dt 16, 1–8; 2 Chr 35, 1ff. 18f . 22No Passover such as this had been observed during the period when the Judges ruled Israel, or during the entire period of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah, 23until the eighteenth year of King Josiah, when this Passover of the LORD was kept in Jerusalem.

24Further, Josiah did away with the consultation of ghosts and spirits, with the household gods, idols,* and all the other horrors to be seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, so that he might carry out the stipulations of the law written in the book that the priest Hilkiah had found in the temple of the LORD. i 2 Kgs 21, 6; Gn 31, 19; Dt 18, 11; Jgs 18, 14 .

25Before him there had been no king who turned to the LORD as he did, with his whole heart, his whole soul, and his whole strength, in accord with the entire law of Moses; nor could any after him compare with him. j Dt 6, 5 .

26Yet, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had given, the LORD did not desist from his fiercely burning anger against Judah. 27The LORD said: “Even Judah will I put out of my sight as I did Israel. I will reject this city, Jerusalem, which I chose, and the temple of which I said, ‘There shall my name be.’ ” k 2 Kgs 24, 2 .

28The rest of the acts of Josiah, with all that he did, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah. l 2 Chr 35, 26f . 29In his time Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, went up toward the river Euphrates to the king of Assyria. King Josiah set out to confront him, but was slain at Megiddo at the first encounter. m 2 Chr 35, 20–24 . 30His servants brought his body on a chariot from Megiddo to Jerusalem, where they buried him in his own grave. Then the people of the land* took Jehoahaz, son of Josiah, anointed him, and proclaimed him king to succeed his father.

Reign of Jehoahaz. 31Jehoahaz was twenty‐three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother, whose name was Hamutal, daughter of Jeremiah, was from Libnah. n 2 Chr 36, 2f . 32He did evil in the sight of the LORD, just as his forebears had done. 33Pharaoh Neco took him prisoner at Riblah in the land of Hamath, thus ending his reign in Jerusalem. He imposed a fine upon the land of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.* 34Pharaoh Neco then appointed Eliakim, son of Josiah, king in place of his father Josiah; he changed his name to Jehoiakim. Jehoahaz he took away with him to Egypt, where he died. 35Jehoiakim gave the silver and gold to Pharaoh, but taxed the land to raise the amount Pharaoh demanded. He exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land, from each proportionately, to pay Pharaoh Neco.

Reign of Jehoiakim. 36 o 36f: 2 Chr 36, 4f . Jehoiakim was twenty‐five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Zebidah, daughter of Pedaiah, from Rumah. 37He did evil in the sight of the LORD, just as his forebears had done.

Notes:

u: 1–5: 2 Chr 34, 29–33 .

v: 2 Chr 34, 3–5; Sir 49, 3 .

w: Dt 17, 3ff .

x: Dt 16, 21; 1 Kgs 14, 23 .

y: 1 Kgs 14, 24; Dt 23, 18f .

z: Dt 12, 2f .

a: Lv 18, 21 .

b: 2 Kgs 21, 5 .

c: 1 Kgs 11, 7 .

d: Dt 16, 21f; 1 Kgs 14, 23 .

e: 1 Kgs 12, 31f; 13, 32 .

f: 1 Kgs 13, 31 .

g: 2 Chr 34, 6f .

h: Dt 16, 1–8; 2 Chr 35, 1ff. 18f .

i: 2 Kgs 21, 6; Gn 31, 19; Dt 18, 11; Jgs 18, 14 .

j: Dt 6, 5 .

k: 2 Kgs 24, 2 .

l: 2 Chr 35, 26f .

m: 2 Chr 35, 20–24 .

n: 2 Chr 36, 2f .

o: 36f: 2 Chr 36, 4f .

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2021. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice