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The Catholic Study Bible A special version of the New American Bible, with a wealth of background information useful to Catholics.

Chapter 45

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Praise of Moses, Aaron and Phinehas*

1From him was to spring the man* who won the favor of all: u Ex 2, 2; 11, 3; 33, 11; Nm 12, 7 . Dear to God and men, MOSES, whose memory is held in benediction. 2God’s honor v Ex 7, 1–13, 22 . devolved upon him,* and the Lord strengthened him with fearful powers; w 2–5: Ex 7—Dt 34 . 3God wrought swift miracles at his words and sustained him in the king’s presence. He gave him the commandments for his people, and revealed to him his glory. x Ex 4, 17; 7, 1 . 4For his trustworthiness and meekness God selected him from all mankind; y Nm 12, 3. 7 . 5He permitted him to hear his voice, and led him into the cloud, Where, face to face,* he gave him the commandments, the law of life and understanding, That he might teach his precepts to Jacob, his judgments and decrees to Israel.

6He raised up also, like Moses in holiness,* his brother AARON, of the tribe of Levi. z 6ff: Ex 28f; Wis 18, 24 . 7He made him perpetual in his office when he bestowed on him the priesthood* of his people; He established him in honor and crowned him with lofty majesty; 8He clothed him with splendid apparel, and adorned him with the glorious vestments: Breeches and tunic and robe with pomegranates around the hem, 9And a rustle of bells round about, through whose pleasing sound at each step He would be heard within the sanctuary, and the children of his race would be remembered; 10The sacred vestments of gold, of violet, and of crimson, wrought with embroidery; The breastpiece for decision, the ephod and cincture 11with scarlet yarn, the work of the weaver; Precious stones with seal engravings in golden settings, the work of the jeweler, To commemorate in incised letters each of the tribes of Israel; 12On his turban the diadem of gold, its plate wrought with the insignia of holiness, Majestic, glorious, renowned for splendor, a delight to the eyes, beauty supreme. 13Before him, no one was adorned with these, nor may they ever be worn by any Except his sons and them alone, generation after generation, for all time. 14His cereal offering is wholly burnt with the established sacrifice twice each day; 15For Moses ordained him and anointed him with the holy oil, In a lasting covenant with him and with his family, as permanent as the heavens, That he should serve God in his priesthood and bless his people in his name. 16He chose him from all mankind to offer holocausts and choice offerings, To burn sacrifices of sweet odor for a memorial, and to atone for the people of Israel. 17He gave to him his laws, and authority to prescribe and to judge: To teach the precepts to his people, and the ritual to the descendants of Israel. 18Men of other families were inflamed against him, were jealous of him in the desert, The followers of Dathan and Abiram, and the band of Korah in their defiance. a Nm 16, 1ff . 19But the LORD saw this and became angry, he destroyed them in his burning wrath. He brought down upon them a miracle, and consumed them with his flaming fire. 20Then he increased the glory of Aaron b 20f: Nm 18, 11–21; Dt 10, 9 . and bestowed upon him his inheritance: The sacred offerings he allotted to him, with the showbread as his portion; 21The oblations of the LORD are his food, a gift to him and his descendants. 22But he holds no land among the people nor shares with them their heritage; For the LORD himself is his portion, his inheritance in the midst of Israel.

23 PHINEHAS too, the son of Eleazar, was the courageous third of his line When, zealous for the God of all, he met the crisis of his people c Nm 25, 7–13; Ps 106, 30f; 1 Mc 2, 26. 54 . And, at the prompting of his noble heart, atoned for the children of Israel. 24Therefore on him again God conferred the right, in a covenant of friendship, to provide for the sanctuary, So that he and his descendants should possess the high priesthood forever. 25For even his covenant with David, the son of Jesse of the tribe of Judah, Was an individual heritage through one son alone; but the heritage of Aaron is for all his descendants. d 2 Sm 7, 12–16 .

26And now bless the LORD who has crowned you with glory! May he grant you wisdom of heart to govern his people in justice, Lest their welfare should ever be forgotten, or your authority, throughout all time.

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