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The Oxford History of the Biblical World An in-depth chaptered work by leading scholars providing a chronological overview of the history of biblical times.

Select Bibliography

Select Bibliography

Ackroyd, Peter R. Exile and Restoration. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1968. The classic study.

Boyce, Mary. A History of Zoroastrianism. 2 vols. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1975, 1982. The definitive study.

Briant, Pierre. Darius, les Perses et l'empire. Découvertes Gallimard, 159. Paris: Gallimard, 1992. A tiny paperback by a renowned French scholar, which contains the best illustrations of any book on the Persian period, almost all in sumptuous color.

——. From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 1998. An impressive new two-volume history.

Cook, J. M. The Persian Empire. New York: Schocken, 1983. Basic and engagingly written history.

Davies, W. D., and Louis Finkelstein, eds. The Cambridge History of Judaism. Vol. 1, Introduction: The Persian Period. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984. A pioneering work on the period.

Gershevitch, Ilya, ed. The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 2, The Median and Achaemenian Periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985. Numerous scholars contributed to this comprehensive survey of the Persian empire. Good attention to archaeological evidence.

Grabbe, Lester L. Judaism from Cyrus to Hadrian: Sources, History, Synthesis. Vol. 1. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992. An extremely helpful survey, with judicious summaries of the primary sources, specific critiques of recent scholarly work, and extensive bibliographies. Little attention to canonical issues.

Hoglund, Kenneth G. Achaemenid Imperial Administration in Syria-Palestine and the Missions of Ezra and Nehemiah. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1992. Summarizes the historical questions, reassesses textual and archaeological assumptions about the period, and provides some helpful new perspectives.

Hornblower, Simon. The Greek World 479–323 BC . New York and London: Methuen, 1983. Brief, readable history, which gives more attention than most histories of Greece to the non-Greek world.

———. Mausolus. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. A model study that explores in depth a small Persian-period province.

Kugel, James L., and Rowan A. Greer. Early Biblical Interpretation. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1986. The first part of the book, by Kugel, describes the roots of Jewish biblical criticism.

Olmstead, Albert T. History of the Persian Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1948. Still the most in-depth study of the Persian period.

Root, Margaret Cool. “From the Heart: Powerful Persianisms in the Art of the Western Empire.” Achaemenid History 6 (1991): 1–29. Vividly demonstrates the visual component of Persian propaganda.

Smith, Morton. Palestinian Parties and Politics That Shaped the Old Testament. New York: Columbia University Press, 1971. A trailblazing analysis of the religious tensions underlying Persian-period Judaism. Although Smith's theories have been criticized as overly schematized, most scholars have accepted his basic approach.

Stern, Ephraim. Material Culture of the Land of the Bible in the Persian Period 538–332 BC . Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1982. Monumental survey of the archaeological evidence.

Yamauchi, Edwin M. Persia and the Bible. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1990. Fundamentalist viewpoint, but covers the basic biblical questions in tandem with a good overview of Persian history.

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