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The Oxford History of the Biblical World An in-depth chaptered work by leading scholars providing a chronological overview of the history of biblical times.

Select Bibliography

Select Bibliography

Cohen, Shaye J. D. From the Maccabees to the Mishna. Library of Early Christian Classics, 7. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1987. Accessible thematic guide to formative Judaism's history, society, and politics, notable for discerning the unity among various religious expressions.

Goodman, Martin. The Ruling Class of Judaea: The Origins of the Jewish Revolt against Rome A.D. 66–70. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Concise summary of the political, economic, and social issues leading to the First Revolt which posits the inability of the upper class to rule as a major cause of the unrest.

Grabbe, Lester L. Judaism from Cyrus to Hadrian: Sources, History, Synthesis. Vol. 2, The Roman Period. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1992. Detailed, well-annotated study with excellent discussions of primary sources, a helpful time line, and a superb bibliography.

Horsley, Richard A. Galilee: History, Politics, People. Valley Forge, Pa.: Trinity Press International, 1995. A focused study, substantially informed by a social-scientific approach, on the effects of Roman rule on village culture and economics.

Jagersma, Henk. A History of Israel from Alexander the Great to Bar Kochba. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986. A concise, lucid summary of major political events.

Kraft, Robert, and George W. E. Nickelsburg, eds. Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. Atlanta: Scholars Press; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986. Essays on the literature, history, and religious beliefs and practices of Judaism in the Hellenistic and Roman periods.

Neusner, Jacob. From Politics to Piety: The Emergence of Pharisaic Judaism. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1978. Systematic analysis of Roman, Jewish, and Christian sources accompanied by cogent warnings about how one does “history.”

Safrai, S., and M. Stern, eds. The Jewish People in the First Century: Historical Geography, Political History, Social, Cultural and Religious Life and Institutions. 2 vols. Assen, The Netherlands: Van Gorcum; Philadelphia: Fortress, 1974–76. Critical, accessible essays from American and Israeli scholars.

Saldarini, A. J. Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees in Palestinian Society: A Sociological Approach. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1988. A well-balanced study informed by social-science methodology.

Sanders, E. P. Judaism: Practice and Belief 63 BCE–66 CE . Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1994. An attempt to define “common Judaism” as represented by personal and communal observances and views.

Schürer, Emil. The History of the Jewish People in the Time of Jesus Christ (175 B.C.–A.D. 135). Rev. by Geza Vermes et al. 3 vols. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1973–87. Substantially updated version of a classic work.

Segal, Alan A. F. Rebecca's Children: Judaism and Christianity in the Roman World. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986. Readable treatment of both religious movements as responses to similar social situations.

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