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Oxford Bible Atlas Contextualizes the stories and lands of the Bible through user-friendly maps and illustrations.

The Iron Age

The end of the Bronze Age was a time of cataclysm throughout western Asia, with earlier civilizations being brought to an end, and peoples seeking new lands in which to settle. The tradition of the Greek siege of the Anatolian city of Troy may reflect this turbulent time. Among those on the move were the so‐called ‘Sea Peoples’, who may have originated in the Aegean region and who sought to invade Egypt but were repulsed. They included the Philistines who settled in the coastal strip which ultimately came to reflect their name, the Plain of Philistia. Some have seen the biblical traditions of the arrival of a new group, the Israelites, into the Palestine area and the destruction of cities belonging to earlier inhabitants, as reflecting this period. But that the beginning of the Iron Age coincided with the emergence of a people which can appropriately be called Israelite (or ‘Proto‐Israelite’) has been widely accepted.

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