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The Apocryphal New Testament Easy to use collection of English translations of the New Testament Apocrypha.

The Gospel of Thomas

Coptic P. Oxy. 654
These are the secret words which the living Jesus spoke and Didymus Judas Thomas wrote down. These are the [secret] words which . . . the living Jesus spoke and . . . and Thomas and spoke . . .
1. And he said, ‘He who finds the interpretation of these sayings will not taste death.’ 1. . . . these words . . . shall not taste [death]. [Lines 1–4]
2. Jesus said, ‘Let him who seeks not cease in his seeking until he finds and, when he finds, he will be troubled. When he is troubled he will marvel and he will reign over the All.’ 2. Let him who is seeking not cease . . . has found and when he has found . . . having been amazed, he will reign and . . . shall rest. [Lines 5–9]
3. Jesus said, ‘If those who lead you say to you, “Lo, the kingdom is in heaven”, the birds of heaven will precede you. If they say to you, “It is in the sea”, then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is within you and outside you. When you know yourselves, then you will be known, and you will know that you are sons of the living Father. But if you do not know yourselves, then you are in poverty and you yourselves are the poverty.’ 3. . . . says Jesus . . . who lead us . . . the kingdom in heaven . . . the birds of the heaven . . . what is under the earth . . . the fish of the sea . . . you. And the kingdom . . . is inside you . . . knows will find this . . . you will know yourselves . . . you are of the Father of the . . . you know yourselves . . . and you are the poverty. [Lines 9–21]
4. Jesus said, ‘The man advanced in days will not hesitate to ask an infant of seven days about the place of life, and he shall live. For many who are first will be last and they will become a single one.’ 4. [Jesus says] a man will not hesitate . . . to ask a [child] . . . about the place of . . . then many who are first will be . . . the last first and . . . [Lines 21–7]
5. Jesus said, ‘Recognize what is in front of your face and what is concealed from you will be revealed to you. For there is nothing hidden which will not be disclosed.’ 5. Jesus says . . . before your eye and . . . from you will be revealed . . . is hidden that will not be manifest and buried that will not be . . . [Lines 27–31]
6. His disciples asked him, ‘Do you want us to fast? How shall we pray, and shall we give alms, and what diet shall we keep?’ Jesus said, ‘Do not lie and do not do what you hate, because all things are revealed in the sight of Heaven. For nothing is hidden that shall not be revealed, and nothing is covered that shall remain without being uncovered.’ 6. . . . ask him . . . say, ‘How shall we fast . . . pray and . . . and what shall we observe . . . Jesus says . . . do not do what you . . . truth . . . hidden . . .
7. Jesus said, ‘Blessed is the lion which the man shall eat, so that the lion will become man; and cursed is the man whom the lion shall eat, and the lion will become man.’ 7. . . . blessed is . . . [Line 40]

Coptic

8. And he said, ‘Man is like a wise fisherman who cast his net into the sea. He drew it out of the sea full of small fish. The wise fisherman found among them a large, good fish. He threw all the small fish back into the sea and chose the large fish without hesitation. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.’

9. Jesus said, ‘Behold, the sower went out; he filled his hand, he sowed. Some seeds fell on the road. The birds came and gathered them up. Others fell on the rock and did not take root in the earth and did not produce ears up to heaven. Others fell among thorns. They choked the seed and the worm ate them. But others fell on good ground and it brought forth good fruit to heaven. These yielded sixty per measure and one hundred and twenty measures.’

10. Jesus said, ‘I have cast fire on the world and, behold, I guard it until it blazes.’

11. Jesus said, ‘This heaven will pass away and that which is above it will pass away, and the dead are not alive and the living will not die. In the days when you ate what is dead you made it alive; when you come into the light what will you do? On the day when you were one you became two. But when you have become two what will you do?’

12. The disciples said to Jesus, ‘We know that you will go away from us; who will be our leader?’ Jesus said, ‘Wherever you are, go to James the just; heaven and earth came into being for him.’

13. Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Compare me to someone and tell whom I am like.’ Simon Peter said to him, ‘You are like a righteous angel.’ Matthew said to him, ‘You are like a wise philosopher.’ Thomas said to him, ‘Master, my mouth is incapable of saying whom you are like.’ Jesus said, ‘I am not your master. Because you drank, you are drunk from the bubbling spring which I measured out.’ And he took him and drew him aside and spoke three words to him. When Thomas returned to his companions they asked him, ‘What did Jesus say to you?’ Thomas said to them, ‘If I tell you one of the words which he spoke to me, you will pick up stones and throw them at me. And fire will come from the stones and burn you up.’

14. Jesus said to them, ‘If you fast, you will bring sin upon yourselves and, if you pray, you will condemn yourselves, and, if you give alms, you will do evil to your spirits. And when you enter any land and travel through the regions, if they receive you, eat whatever they set before you. Heal the sick among them. For that which enters your mouth will not defile you but that which comes out of your mouth is what will defile you.’

15. Jesus said, ‘When you see him who was not born of woman, prostrate yourselves on your faces and worship him: that one is your father.’

16. Jesus said, ‘Men might think that it is peace that I have come to impose on the world but they do not know that it is dissension I have come to cast on the earth: fire, sword, war. For there shall be five in a house: three shall be against two and two against three, the father against the son and the son against the father, and they shall stand as solitaries.’

17. Jesus said, ‘I shall give you what no eye has seen and what no ear has heard and no hand has touched and what has not come into the heart of man.’

18. The disciples said to Jesus, ‘Tell us in which way our end will occur.’ Jesus said, ‘Have you indeed discovered the beginning, that you search for the end? In the place where the beginning is, there the end will be. Blessed is he who will stand at the beginning: he will know the end and he will not taste death.’

19. Jesus said, ‘Blessed is he who existed before he was created. If you become my disciples and you hear my words, these stones shall serve you. For you have five trees in paradise which do not move in summer or winter and their leaves do not fall. Whoever knows them shall not taste death.’

20. The disciples said to Jesus, ‘Tell us, what is the Kingdom of Heaven like?’ He said to them, ‘It is like a grain of mustard seed, smaller than all seeds. But when it falls on cultivated ground the soil puts forth a large branch and provides a shelter for the birds of heaven.’

21. Mary said to Jesus, ‘Whom are your disciples like?’ He said, ‘They are like little children dwelling in a field that is not theirs. When the owners of the field come, they will say, “Let us have our field.” They strip naked before them and leave their field to them and give it back to them. Therefore I say, if the householder knows that the thief is coming he will keep awake before he comes and will not let him break into his house of his estate and carry away his goods. But you must keep watch against the world; arm yourselves with great power lest the robbers find a way to come upon you, because the difficulty you expect will materialize. Let there be a man of understanding among you. After the crop ripened he came quickly, his sickle in his hand and he reaped it. He who has ears to hear, let him hear.’

22. Jesus saw some infants being suckled. He said to his disciples, ‘These children who are being suckled are like those who enter the kingdom.’ They said to him, ‘If we are children shall we enter the kingdom?’ Jesus said to them, ‘When you make the two one, and when you make the inner as the outer and the outer as the inner and the upper as the lower, and when you make the male and the female into a single one, so that the male is not male and the female not female, when you make eyes in place of an eye, and a hand in place of a hand, and a foot in place of a foot, an image in place of an image, then you shall enter the kingdom.’

23. Jesus said, ‘I shall choose you, one from a thousand, and two from ten thousand, and they shall stand as a single one.’

24. His disciples said, ‘Show us the place where you are, for we must seek it.’ He said to them, ‘He who has ears to hear let him hear. There is light within a man of light and it illuminates the whole world. When it does not shine, there is darkness.’ 1 P. Oxy. 655, fragment d, contains part of this saying. Only the words ‘light’ and ‘world’ are clear.

25. Jesus said, ‘Love your brother as your soul; guard him like the apple of your eye.’

Coptic P. Oxy. 1
26. Jesus said, ‘The splinter that is in your brother's eye you see but the plank in your own eye you do not see. When you have taken the plank out of your own eye, then you will see to remove the splinter from your brother's eye.’ 26. . . . and you may clearly see to take out the splinter that is in the eye of your brother. [Verso: Lines 1–4]
27. [Jesus said], ‘If you do not fast with respect to the world, you will not find the Kingdom; if you do not keep the Sabbath as Sabbath, you will not see the Father.’ 2 27. Jesus says, ‘If you do not fast as regards the world, you will not find the Kingdom of God, and if you do not keep the Sabbath as a Sabbath you will not see the Father.’ [Lines 4–11]
28. Jesus said, ‘I stood in the midst of the world, and I appeared to them in the flesh. I found all of them drunk; I did not find any of them thirsting. And my soul was pained for the sons of men because they are blind in their heart, and they do not see that they came empty into the world; they seek to go empty out of the world. Now they are drunk. When they have shaken off their wine, then they will repent.’ 28. Jesus says, ‘I stood in the midst of the world and I was seen in the flesh by them and found all intoxicated and none among them did I find thirsting and my soul is afflicted for the sons of men because they are blind in their heart and do not see . . . ’. [Lines 11–21]
29. Jesus said, ‘If the flesh exists because of spirit, it is a miracle, but if spirit exists because of the body, it is a miracle of miracles. But I marvel at how this great wealth established itself in this poverty.’ 29. . . . the poverty. [Recto: Line 22]
30. Jesus said, ‘Where there are three gods, they are gods; where there are two or one, I am with him.’ 30. Jesus says, ‘Wherever there are [three] they are without God and where there is one alone I say I am with him. Lift the stone and there you will find me: cleave the wood and I am there’. [Lines 23–30]
31. Jesus said, ‘No prophet is acceptable in his own village; a physician does not heal those who know him.’ 31. Jesus says, ‘A prophet is not accepted in his own country neither does a physician heal those who know him.’ [Lines 30–5]
32. Jesus said, ‘A city built upon a high mountain and well‐fortified cannot fall nor can it remain hidden.’ 32. Jesus says, ‘A city which is built on the top of a high mountain and fortified cannot fall nor be hidden.’ [Lines 36–41]
33. Jesus said, ‘What you hear with your ear, preach in others' ears from your house‐tops. For no one lights a lamp and puts it under a bushel nor does he put it in a hidden place, but he sets it on a lampstand so everyone who comes in and out may see its light.’ 33. Jesus says, ‘You hear in one of your ears . . . ’ [Lines 41–42]
34. Jesus said, ‘If a blind man leads a blind man both of them fall into a ditch.’ 3

Coptic

35. Jesus said, ‘It is impossible for anyone to enter the house of the strong man and take it by force, unless he bind his hands; then he will be able to pillage his house.’

Coptic P. Oxy. 655
36. Jesus said, ‘Do not be anxious from morning to evening and from evening to morning about what you will wear.’ 36. . . . from early until . . . from evening . . . early neither . . . for you what you should eat nor about clothing . . . what you should wear. Much better are you than lilies which neither card nor spin. If you have no garment . . . (Fragment a) you? Who can add to your stature? He it is who will give you your cloak.
37. His disciples said, ‘When will you be revealed to us and when shall we see you?’ Jesus said, ‘When you undress without being ashamed, and you take your clothes and put them under your feet like little children do and trample on them, then you will see the Son of the Living One and you will not fear.’ 37. His disciples say to him, ‘When will you be revealed to us and when shall we see you?’ He says, ‘When you undress and are not ashamed . . . ’ [Col. I, lines 1–23 (Fragment b)]
38. Jesus said, ‘Many times have you desired to hear these words which I speak to you and you have no one else from whom to hear them. The days will come when you will seek me, and you will not find me.’ 38. Fragment c contains col. II, lines 1–10. These are too fragmentary to include here, but seem to represent the equivalent of saying 38.
39. Jesus said, ‘The Pharisees and the Scribes have received the keys of knowledge and they have hidden them. They did not enter and they did not allow those who wanted to enter to do so. But you be wise as serpents and as innocent as doves.’ 39. . . . they have . . . of the . . . them they have hidden . . . entered . . . came in . . . allowed . . . be wise . . . as . . . guile . . . doves . . . [Col. II, lines 14–23 (Fragment b)]

Coptic

40. Jesus said, ‘A vine was planted without the Father, but because it did not become strong it will be uprooted and it will rot.’

41. Jesus said, ‘He who has something in his hand, will receive more; and he who has nothing, even the little he has shall be taken away from him.’

42. Jesus said, ‘Become passers‐by.’

43. His disciples said to him, ‘Who are you that you should say these things to us?’ ‘In what I say to you, you do not know who I am, but you have become like Jews. They love the tree but hate its fruit; they love the fruit but hate the tree.’

44. Jesus said, ‘He who blasphemès against the Father will be forgiven, and he who blasphemes against the Son will be forgiven, but he who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either on earth or in heaven.’

45. Jesus said, ‘Grapes are not gathered from thorns nor figs from among thistles; they do not give fruit. A good man brings forth good from his treasure; a bad man brings forth evil from his evil treasure which is in his heart, and he speaks evil. For out of the abundance of his heart, he produces evil.’

46. Jesus said, ‘From Adam to John the Baptist, among those born of women no one is greater than John the Baptist, so that his eyes . . . 4 Text uncertain. But I said that whoever among you shall become as a child shall know the kingdom, and he will be superior to John.’

47. Jesus said, ‘It is impossible for a man to mount two horses, or to draw two bows. A servant cannot serve two masters; he will honour the one and scorn the other. No one drinks vintage wine and immediately wants to drink new wine; and new wine is not put into old wine skins lest they burst, and vintage wine is not poured into new wine skins lest it spoil. No one sews an old patch on to a new garment, because there will be a tear.’

48. Jesus said, ‘If two make peace with one another in the same house, they will say to the mountain, “Be moved!” and it will be moved.’

49. Jesus said, ‘Blessed are the solitary and the chosen for you will find the kingdom. Because you have come from it you will go there again.’

50. Jesus said, ‘If they say to you, “Where did you come from?”, say to them, “We have come from the light, the place where the light came into existence alone of its own accord and revealed itself in their image.” If they say to you, “Who are you?”, say to them, “We are his sons and we are the chosen of the living Father.” If they ask you, “What is the sign of your Father who is in you?”, say to them, “It is a movement and a repose.’ ”

51. His disciples said to him, ‘On what day will the repose of the dead occur and when does the new world come?’ He said to them, ‘That repose you look for has come, but you have not recognized it.’

52. His disciples said to him, ‘Twenty‐four prophets spoke in Israel and all of them spoke in you.’ He said to them, ‘You have neglected the Living One in your presence and you have spoken only about the dead.’

53. His disciples said to him, ‘Is circumcision profitable or not?’ He said to them, ‘If it were profitable, their father would beget them already circumcised from their mother. Rather true circumcision in the Spirit has become completely useful.’

54. Jesus said, ‘Blessed are the poor for yours is the kingdom of heaven.’

55. Jesus said, ‘He who does not hate his father and his mother cannot be my disciple and he who does not hate his brothers and his sisters and does not take up his cross as I have will not be worthy of me.’

56. Jesus said, ‘He who has come to understand the world has found a corpse, and the world is not worthy of him who has found a corpse.’

57. Jesus said, ‘The kingdom of the Father is like a man who had good seed. His enemy came by night; he sowed weeds among the good seed. The man did not let them pull up the weed. He said to them, “Do not do so, lest when you go to pull up the weed you pull up the wheat along with it.” For on the day of the harvest the weeds will be conspicuous; they will be pulled up and burned.’

58. Jesus said, ‘Blessed is the man who has laboured; he has found life.’

59. Jesus said, ‘Look upon the Living One as long as you live, lest you die and seek to see him and you cannot see.’

60. They saw a Samaritan carrying a lamb as he was going to Judaea. He said to his disciples, ‘Why does he carry the lamb?’ 5 Text uncertain. They said to him, ‘That he may kill it and eat it.’ He said to them, ‘As long as it is alive he will not eat it but only if he has killed it and it has become a corpse.’ They said, ‘Otherwise he cannot do it.’ He said to them, ‘You yourselves must seek a place for repose, lest you become a corpse and be eaten.’

61. Jesus said, ‘Two will be resting on a couch; one will die, the other will live.’ Salome said, ‘Who are you, man? You have mounted my bed and have eaten from my table.’ Jesus said to her, ‘I am he who derives his being from him who is undifferentiated. The things of my Father have been given to me.’ (Salome said,) ‘I am your disciple.’ (Jesus said to her,) ‘Therefore, I say, when he is united he will be filled with light, but if he is divided he will be filled with darkness.’

62. Jesus said, ‘I tell my mysteries to those who are worthy of my mysteries. Let not your left hand know what your right hand does.’

63. Jesus said, ‘There was a rich man who had considerable wealth. He said, “I will use my money to sow and reap and plant and fill my warehouses with fruit so that I will lack nothing.” Such were his intentions. But in that night he died. He who has ears, let him hear.’

64. Jesus said, ‘A man had the habit of receiving visitors and when he had prepared the banquet he sent his servant to invite the guests. He went to the first and said to him, “My master invites you.” He replied, “Money is owed me by some merchants. They will come to me this evening; I must go and give them orders. I beg to be excused from the dinner.” He went to another and said to him, “My master has invited you.” He said to him, “I have just bought a house and am needed for a day. I have no time.” He went to another and said to him, “My master invites you.” He said to him, “My friend is about to be married and I have to prepare a wedding feast; I shall not be able to come. I beg to be excused from the dinner.” He went to another and said to him, “My master invites you.” He said to him, “I have bought a village and am on my way to collect the rent. I shall not be able to come. I beg to be excused from the dinner.” The servant returned and said to his master, “Those whom you invited asked to be excused from the dinner.” The master said to his servant, “Go out into the streets and bring in those whom you find so that they may dine.” Buyers and merchants will not enter the places of my Father.’ 65. He said, ‘A good man had a vineyard. He leased it to some farmers so that they would cultivate it and he would receive the fruit from them. He sent his servant so that the tenants would give him the fruit of the vineyard. They seized his servant, beat him and almost killed him. The servant returned and told his master. His master said, “Perhaps they did not recognize him.” 6 Corrected from ‘he (the slave) did not recognize them’. He sent another servant. The tenants beat him also. Then the master sent his son. He said, “Perhaps they will respect my son.” Those tenants knowing he was the heir of the vineyard seized him and killed him. He who has ears, let him hear.’

66. Jesus said, ‘Show me the stone which the builders rejected. That is the cornerstone.’

67. Jesus said, ‘He who knows the All but fails to know himself lacks everything.’ 7 Text corrupt.

68. Jesus said, ‘Blessed are you when you are hated and persecuted, and where you have been persecuted they will find no place.’

69. Jesus said, ‘Blessed are they who are persecuted in their heart; these are the ones who have truly known the Father. Blessed are those who are hungry for the belly of the needy will be filled.’

70. Jesus said, ‘When you produce what is in you, what you have will save you. That which you do not have in you will kill you if you do not know it within you.’

71. Jesus said, ‘I shall destroy this house and no one will be able to build it again.’

72. A man said to him, ‘Tell my brothers to divide my father's possessions with me.’ He said to him, ‘O man, who made me a divider?’ He turned to his disciples and said to them, ‘I am not a divider, am I?’

73. Jesus said, ‘The harvest is great but the labourers are few, so pray to the Lord to send labourers to the harvest.’

74. He said, ‘Lord, there are many standing around the drinking trough, but no one in the well.’

75. Jesus said, ‘Many are standing at the door but the solitary are the ones who will enter the bridal chamber.’

76. Jesus said, ‘The kingdom of the Father is like a merchant who had goods and found a pearl. This merchant was wise. He sold the goods and bought the one pearl for himself. You also must seek the enduring treasure which does not perish, where no moth enters to eat, nor worm destroys.’

77. Jesus said, ‘I am the light which is above everything, I am the All; the All came forth from me and the All has returned to me. Split the wood and I am there; lift up the stone and you will find me there.’

78. Jesus said, ‘Why did you come out to the country? Was it to see a reed shaken by the wind or to see a man clothed in fine clothes like your kings and your great ones are? They are clothed with fine raiment and they do not know the truth.’

79. A woman in the crowd said to him, ‘Blessed is the womb which bore you and the breasts which fed you.’ He said to her, ‘Blessed are those who have heard the word of the Father and have kept it in truth. For the days will come when you will say, “Blessed is the womb which has not conceived and the breasts that have not given suck.’ ”

80. Jesus said, ‘He who has known the world has found the body, but he who has found the body, the world is not worthy of him.’

81. Jesus said, ‘Let him who has become rich become king, and let him who has power renounce it.’

82. Jesus said, ‘He who is near me is near fire but he who is far from me is far from the kingdom.’

83. Jesus said, ‘The images are manifest to the man and the light in them is hidden in the image of the light of the Father. He will be revealed himself but his image is hidden by his light.’

84. Jesus said, ‘When you see your likeness you rejoice. But when you see your images which came into being before you, which do not die nor are made manifest, how much will you bear?’

85. Jesus said, ‘Adam came into existence from a great power and a great wealth and yet he was not worthy of you. For, if he had been worthy, he would not have tasted death.’

86. Jesus said, ‘[The foxes have] their earths and the birds have their nests but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head and rest.’

87. Jesus said, ‘Wretched is the body which is dependent on a body and wretched is the soul which is dependent on them both.’

88. Jesus said, ‘The angels and the prophets will come to you and they will give you that which belongs to you. You also give to them what is in your hands and say to yourselves, “On which day will they come and take what is theirs?’ ”

89. Jesus said, ‘Why do you wash the outside of the cup? Do you not know that he who made the inside is also he who made the outside?’

90. Jesus said, ‘Come to me, for my yoke is easy and my lordship is gentle and you will find your repose for yourselves.’

91. They said to him, ‘Tell us who you are so that we may believe in you.’ He said to them, ‘You examine the face of the heavens and the earth, and yet you have not known that which is in front of your face nor do you know how to discern this present time.’

92. Jesus said, ‘Seek and you will find, yet those things about which you asked me in former times I did not tell you then; now when I want to tell them you do not ask about them.’

93. (Jesus said,) ‘Do not give what is holy to the dogs because they will throw it on the dung heap. Do not throw pearls to swing lest they make it . . . ’ 8 Ending defective.

94. Jesus [said,] ‘He who searches, will find 9 Text defective. . . . it will be opened to him.’

95. [Jesus said,] ‘If you have money do not lend it out at interest, but give to those from whom you will not receive it back.’

96. Jesus [said,] ‘The kingdom of the Father is like a woman who took a little leaven, (hid) it in dough and made it into large loaves. He who has ears let him hear.’

97. Jesus said, ‘The kingdom of the [Father] is like a woman who was carrying a jar which was full of meal. While she was walking on a long road the handle of the jar broke; the meal spilled out behind her on to the road. She did not notice it; she was unaware of the accident. When she came to her house she put the jar down and found it was empty.’

98. Jesus said, ‘The kingdom of the Father is like a man who wanted to kill a powerful man. He drew the sword in his own house and he thrust it into the wall so that he would know if his hand would be strong enough. Then he killed the powerful one.’

99. The disciples said to him, ‘Your brothers and your mother are standing outside.’ He said to them, ‘Those here who do the will of my Father are my brothers and mother; it is they who will enter the kingdom of my Father.’

100. They showed Jesus a gold coin and said to him, ‘Caesar's men demand taxes from us.’ He said to them, ‘Give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar; give to God what belongs to God, and give to me what is mine.’

101. (Jesus said,) ‘He who does not hate his [father] and his mother as I do will not be able to be my [disciple] and he who does [not] love [his father] and his mother as I do, will not be able to be my [disciple], for my mother . . . , 10 Text defective. but [my] true [mother] gave me life.’

102. Jesus said, ‘Woe to them, the Pharisees, for they resemble a dog lying in the manger of oxen, for he neither eats nor lets the oxen eat.’

103. Jesus said, ‘Blessed is the man who knows where the robbers will enter so that he may rise and gather his [strength] and arm himself before they invade.’

104. They said [to him], ‘Come, let us pray today and let us fast.’ Jesus said, ‘Why? What sin have I committed or how have I been conquered? But after the bridegroom has left the bridechamber then let people fast and pray.’

105. Jesus said, ‘He who knows father and mother will be called the son of a harlot.’

106. Jesus said, ‘When you make the two one you shall become sons of man and when you say, “Mountain, be moved!”, it will move.’

107. Jesus said, ‘The kingdom is like a shepherd who had a hundred sheep. One of them, the largest, went astray. He left the ninety‐nine and searched for that one until he found it. After he had laboured he said to the sheep, “I love you more than the ninety‐nine.’ ”

108. Jesus said, ‘He who drinks from my mouth will be as I am, and I shall be that person, and the hidden things will be revealed to him.’

109. Jesus said, ‘The kingdom is like a man who had a treasure [hidden] in his field without knowing of it. And [after] he died he left it to his [son] who also did not know: he inherited the field and sold it. The one who bought it [found] the treasure while he was ploughing. He began to lend money at interest to [whomever] he wished.’

110. Jesus said, ‘He who has found the world and becomes rich let him deny the world.’

111. Jesus said, ‘The heavens and the earth will be rolled up in your presence and he who lives in the Living One will not see death.’ Does not Jesus say, ‘He who finds himself, of him the world is not worthy?’

112. Jesus said, ‘Woe to the flesh which depends on the soul; woe to the soul which depends on the flesh.’

113. His disciples said to him, ‘When will the kingdom come?’ (He said,) ‘It will not come when it is expected. They will not say, “Look here”, or “Look there”, rather the kingdom of the Father is spread out on the earth and men do not see it.’

114. Simon Peter said to them, ‘Let Mary leave us, because women are not worthy of life.’ Jesus said, ‘Look, I shall lead her so that I will make her male in order that she also may become a living spirit, resembling you males. For every woman who makes herself male will enter the kingdom of heaven.’

The Gospel according to Thomas

Notes:

1 P. Oxy. 655, fragment d, contains part of this saying. Only the words ‘light’ and ‘world’ are clear.

4 Text uncertain.

5 Text uncertain.

6 Corrected from ‘he (the slave) did not recognize them’.

7 Text corrupt.

8 Ending defective.

9 Text defective.

10 Text defective.

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