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The Jewish Study Bible Contextualizes the Hebrew Bible with accompanying scholarly text on Jewish traditions and history.

Chapter 4

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1The angel who talked with me came back and woke me as a man is wakened from sleep. 2He said to me, “What do you see?” And I answered, “I see a lampstand all of gold, with a bowl above it. The lamps on it are seven in number, and the h‐ Emendation yields “bowl above it has.” lamps above it have ‐h Emendation yields “bowl above it has.” seven pipes; 3and by it are two olive trees, one on the right of the bowl and one on its left.” 4I, in turn, asked the angel who talked with me, “What do those things mean, my lord?” 5“Doyou not know what those things mean?” asked the angel who talked with me; and I said, “No, my lord.” 6Then he explained to me as follows: a The explanation is given in the last sentence of v. 10 .

“This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel: b A grandson of King Jehoiachin (1 Chron. 3.17–19 ) and the secular head of the repatriated community (Hag. 1.1; etc.). Not by might, nor by power, but by My spirit c I.e., Zerubbabel will succeed by means of spiritual gifts conferred upon him by the LORD; cf. Isa. 11.2. ff. —said the LORD of Hosts. 7Whoever you are, O great mountain in the path of Zerubbabel, turn into level ground! For he shall produce that excellent stone; it shall be greeted with shouts of ‘Beautiful! Beautiful!’‐”

8And the word of the LORD came to me: 9“Zerubbabel's hands have founded this House and Zerubbabel's hands shall complete it. Then you shall know that it was the LORD of Hosts who sent me to you. 10Does anyone scorn a day of small beginnings? When they see d‐ Meaning of Heb. uncertain; others “plummet.” the stone of distinction ‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain; others “plummet.” in the hand of Zerubbabel, they shall rejoice.

“Those seven are the eyes of the LORD, ranging over the whole earth.”

11“And what,” I asked him, “are those two olive trees, one on the right and one on the left of the lampstand?” 12And I further asked him, “What are the two tops e Meaning of Heb. uncertain; literally “ears” (as of grain). of the olive trees that feed their gold f Emendation yields “oil”; cf. v. 14 . through those two golden tubes?” g Or “funnels”; through them the oil runs from the olive trees into the bowl of vv. 2 and 3 . 13He asked me, “Don't you know what they are?” And I replied, “No, my lord.” 14Then he explained, “They are the two h‐ I.e., the high priest and the king (cf. 3.8–9 with note); lit. “sons of oil.” anointed dignitaries ‐h I.e., the high priest and the king (cf. 3.8–9 with note); lit. “sons of oil.” who attend the Lord of all the earth.”

Notes:

h‐h Emendation yields “bowl above it has.”

a The explanation is given in the last sentence of v. 10 .

b A grandson of King Jehoiachin (1 Chron. 3.17–19 ) and the secular head of the repatriated community (Hag. 1.1; etc.).

c I.e., Zerubbabel will succeed by means of spiritual gifts conferred upon him by the LORD; cf. Isa. 11.2. ff.

d‐d Meaning of Heb. uncertain; others “plummet.”

e Meaning of Heb. uncertain; literally “ears” (as of grain).

f Emendation yields “oil”; cf. v. 14 .

g Or “funnels”; through them the oil runs from the olive trees into the bowl of vv. 2 and 3 .

h‐h I.e., the high priest and the king (cf. 3.8–9 with note); lit. “sons of oil.”

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